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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 01, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of an agenda from the meeting of Polish National Defense Committee of June 19, 1981 involving the Ministry of Internal Affairs, National Defense, and the Defense Industry Commission.

  • July 01, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Report discusses contingency plans for implementing martial law, but only in relation to the possibility of extremist resistance from organizations such as Solidarnosc (Solidarity) and KOR (Workers Defense Committee).

  • July 11, 1981

    Stasi Note on Meeting Between Minister Mielke and KGB Chairman Andropov

    KGB Chairman Andropov and East German Minister for State Security Mielke meet to discuss ongoing Stasi/KGB cooperation and international affairs. Topics of conversation include the Ronald Reagan administration, the Polish Solidarity Crisis,

  • July 17, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Polish General Staff Evaluation of Soviet Military PResence and Activities in Poland...'

    Report outlines the conflicting views of Polish military and government leadership on the implementation of martial law and growing influence of the Soviet military.

  • July 17, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a memorandum from the Chief of General Staff of the Polish Peoples Army on the measures that need to be taken by the army in case of martial law.

  • July 24, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of the Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation elaborates on how funds should be allocated towards various Polish infrastructure projects including highways, waterways, and railways. In addition, it mentions allocating funds for the defense training for new government and industrial leaders.

  • August 03, 1981

    Transcript of the Meeting Between Comrade L.I. Brezhnev and Comrade E. Honecker at the Crimea on 3 August 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev and Honecker discuss issues related to Poland, including the need for stabilization of the Polish crisis and the composition of the new Politburo.

  • August 14, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'The Current Political Situation in Poland; Polish Ministry of Defense Plans for the Possible Introduction of Martial Law'

    Translated report discusses how the increased presence of Solidarnosc (Solidarity) warrants the introduction of martial law. However, it affirms that no formal steps to introducing martial law have been taken.

  • August 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a document the Polish government intended to circulate should martial law be announced.

  • August 22, 1981

    Notes from Brezhnev's Meeting with Stanislaw Kania and Wojciech Jaruzelski, 14 August 1981

    In this meeting, Brezhnev expresses anxiety about Poland's path, especially since it has deteriorated since Congress when it was expected to improve. Kania says that the political crisis can be overcome and that theyare seizing the initiative. Brezhnev insists that they will soon face off with the enemy, and there is still the opportunity to mobilize and rebuff the counterrevolution. Brezhnev concludes that large scale political action is the most feasible way to turn Poland to socialism.

  • August 25, 1981

    Memorandum from [Redacted] to the Director of Central Intelligence, 'Martial Law in Poland'

    Memorandum outlining Poland's martial law plan, whether it could work, and the attitudes of Polish leadership.

  • September 04, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation from a Defense Committee chaired by General Jaruzelski addressing the rising threat of Solidarnosc and other threats to national security.

  • September 09, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'New Draft Decree on Martial Law; Current Situation in Poland'

    Memorandum explains of a newly drafted decree of martial law, and increasing tensions between military leadership and Solidarnosc.

  • September 10, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 10 September 1981 (excerpt)

    The Soviet Politburo discusses dissent within Poland and the loss of power of the communist party in Poland.

  • September 11, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Current Plans for the Introduction of Martial Law in Poland'

    Explains that if Solidarnosc leads a general strike or provokes a confrontation, it will be met with the implementation of martial law.

  • September 13, 1981

    Protocol No. 002/81 of the Meeting of the Committee for the Defense of the Homeland

    Meeting of the Committee for the Defense of the Homeland on the implementation of martial law in Poland. Committee members discuss where to increase militarization to be prepared for martial law, and how best to protect martial law through propaganda.

  • September 15, 1981

    Report on the Imposition of Martial Law

    "Jack Strong" [Ryszard Kuklinski] reports that at a recent KOK session, no final decision was made about the imposition of martial law, though almost all participants were in support. A unified plan of command for the surprise introduction of martial law is discussed, as a secondary plan to be implemented after political means were unable to repress the counterrevolution.

  • September 15, 1981

    Transcript of Brezhnev's Phone Conversation with Kania, 15 September 1981

    Brezhnev worries the Polish Solidarity movement will undermine communist authority in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe.

  • September 17, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 17 September 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev informs the Politburo about his conversation with Cde. Kania of Poland on 11 September, 1981. He suggests applying strong pressure to Kania to put down the uprising.

  • September 18, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Agenda for the Meeting of the National Defense Committee on 14 September; Current Positions of the Political and Military Leadership...'

    Translated agenda of the National Defense Committee meeting from September 14th, as well as outline the positions of military and government officials on the implementation of martial law.