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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November, 1987

    United States v. Arshad Pervez, Criminal Number 87-00283, Exhibits 24 through 38-37

    The exhibits included Pervez’s notebooks with such incriminating language as “atom” and “military.” Moreover, “my expert is procurement manager for nuclear plant.” A letter from Ul-Haq to Pervez from early 1987 demonstrated that this was more than a business venture: “personal interests must not be allowed to overtake national interests.”

  • November 03, 1987

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan Najibullah

    Najibullah and Gorbachev discuss a recent all-party conference of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) and plans to hold a coalition meeting (Loya Jirga) at which a new Afghan constitution will be adopted and a new president elected.

  • November 04, 1987

    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Memorandum from Kenneth Adelman to Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, 'A Strategy on Pakistan'

    Adelman advised Armacost to “increase pressure on Pakistan to try to get them to stop enrichment above five percent and to stop illegal procurement activities in the United States.”

  • November 21, 1987

    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Memorandum from Kenneth Adelman for the President, 'Certification on Pakistan'

    Secretary Shultz had recommended that Washington “now certify” that Pakistan “does not possess a nuclear device” (as required by the Pressler amendment).

  • December 09, 1987

    Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan on Afghanistan (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Reagan discuss the withdrawal of Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

  • December 10, 1987

    Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and US Vice President George H. W. Bush

    Gorbachev asks Bush to halt US aid to opposition forces in Afghanistan to assist Soviet troop withdrawal.

  • December 10, 1987

    Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan on Afghanistan (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Reagan discuss the withdrawal of Soviet troops in Afghanistan. Gorbachev asks that on the day they begin the withdrawal the United States also cease supporting the opposition forces.

  • December 14, 1987

    Department of State, Memorandum from Jonathan Schwartz to Ms. Verville [et al.], 'Pervez Trial Status'

    After hearing tape-recorded conversations and seeing Pervez’s diary entries and the Pervez-Carpenter correspondence, on 17 December 1987, the jury found him guilty on 5 out of 8 counts, including conspiracy, attempted export of beryllium without the required license, and submitting false end-use statements about the maraging steel. Inam Ul-Haq was also found guilty of conspiracy and false statements.

  • December 17, 1987

    Letter, President Reagan to Speaker of the House, Enclosing Presidential Determination

    Reagan informed Congress that he had “concluded that Pakistan does not possess a nuclear explosive device.”

  • December 17, 1987

    Department of State Telegram to US Embassy Islamabad, 'Pervez Case Verdict'

    After hearing tape-recorded conversations and seeing Pervez’s diary entries and the Pervez-Carpenter correspondence, on 17 December 1987, the jury found him guilty on 5 out of 8 counts, including conspiracy, attempted export of beryllium without the required license, and submitting false end-use statements about the maraging steel. Inam Ul-Haq was also found guilty of conspiracy and false statements.

  • December 21, 1987

    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Memorandum from Norman Wulf for Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, 'Next Steps on Pakistan—Solarz and Symington'

    Norman Wulf sent Armacost a proposal for applying nonproliferation standards to Palistan even if Reagan rejected application of the Solarz amendment and aid continued.

  • December 23, 1987

    Department of State, Memorandum from Jonathan Schwartz to Ms. Verville [et al.], 'Pervez Trial Status'

    After hearing tape-recorded conversations and seeing Pervez’s diary entries and the Pervez-Carpenter correspondence, on 17 December 1987, the jury found him guilty on 5 out of 8 counts, including conspiracy, attempted export of beryllium without the required license, and submitting false end-use statements about the maraging steel. Inam Ul-Haq was also found guilty of conspiracy and false statements.

  • December 29, 1987

    Department of State, Memorandum from INR Director Morton Abramowitz to Mr. Armacost, 'Pakistan—Pervez Case and Solarz Amendment'

    This INR memorandum tacitly assumed that the facts of the Pervez case fit a decision to invoke the Solarz amendment: despite some recent actions to “restrict nuclear procurement in the US,” the procurement network “could not exist without the umbrella of government approval, protection, and funding.”