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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 11, 1973

    Gen. Dobry Djurov's Report to Todor Zhivkov: Some Deliberations on the October Middle East War

    A Defense Ministry report on The 1973 War. The report discusses the weaknesses in the Arab military strategy – lack of coordination, lack of serious commitment, insufficient mobilization of available resources, etc.

  • March 14, 1974

    Report on the Visit of Saddam Hussein to Moscow

    In a meeting initiated by Saddam Hussein with Leonid Brezhnev, Alexei Kosygin, Andrei Gromyko, and Boris Ponomarev, the Iraqi leader discussed relations with the Soviet state, United States involvement in the Middle East, border conflict, and the development of the Iraqi economy.

  • August, 1974

    Notes on Yasser Arafat's Vist to Moscow in July [1974]

    Notes on meetings that took place from July 30th to August 3rd 1974 between PLO President Yasser Arafat and unnamed Soviet officials. Topics discussed included improving likelihood that the issue of Palestinian independence would be resolved, Arafat's approval of Soviet support for Palestine, the Soviets' expression, at length, that they do not support the destruction of Israel, and continuing cooperation between the Soviets and the PLO.

  • September 30, 1974

    Memorandum of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Hafez Al Assad

    The two leaders discuss the Middle East, the American involvement, and the shipment of Soviet weaponry to Syria.

  • March, 1978

    Notes on Yasser Arafat's Visit to Moscow in March [1978]

    Notes on a meeting in Moscow from March 6-10 between Yasser Arafat & the PLO Delegation and the Soviet government. Arafat was met by Brezhnev, Boris Ponomarev and Andrei Gromyko. Among the issues discussed were the situation in the Middle East, the Soviets desire for Palestine to counter Egypt's "capitulation" to Israel and the U.S. (which Arafat affirmed), tensions in Southern Lebanon and the PLO's increasing desire to further cooperation with Syria and non-Christian Lebanese groups.

  • May 13, 1978

    TELEGRAM 027.498 from the Romanian Embassy in Cairo to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The DPRK Ambassador to Cairo explains Egypt President Sadat's intentions and expresses dissatisfaction with the development of ROK-Egypt relations.

  • June 03, 1978

    Transcript of a Speech Given by Saddam Hussein on 'The Role of the Iraqi Armed Forces in the Arab-Zionist Conflict' at Al-Bakr University

    Saddam Hussein lectures on the history of Israel and Iraq's involvement in the Arab-Israeli wars.

  • September 20, 1978

    TELEGRAM 027.923 from the Romanian Embassy in Cairo to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Egyptian government would be grateful if the DPRK would adopt an official declaration supporting the Camp David Agreements.

  • September 22, 1978

    TELEGRAM 066.918 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The DPRK supports the position of Egypt on the Arab-Israeli conflict.

  • November 14, 1978

    Notes on Yasser Arafat's Visit to Moscow in October 1978

    A synopsis of discussions between Moscow and PLO Leader Yasser Arafat that had occurred on October 29, 1978. The Russians expressed concern that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat has participated in peace agreements with Israel and the U.S. The Russians framed this as anti-Arab and assured Arafat that they supported Arafat and his "progressive" policies. The Soviet Union aligns itself firmly with the PLO and those in the Arab world that reject cooperation with the U.S. and Israel. Due to these discussions, the first joint Soviet-PLO communique was issued, which pleased the Palestinians.

  • December, 1978

    Report to the German Democratic Republic on Discussions with Saddam Hussein

    In this report, the Soviet Union informs the East German government that during their talks with the Iraqi delegation, led by Saddam Hussein, the Soviets stated that the Arab states must first end the policy of separate deals in order to resolve many Middle East problems. The Soviet Union addressed the need to stop imperialistic and anti-Arab policies in the Middle East.

  • March 27, 1979

    Revolutionary Command Council Meeting after the Baghdad Conference of 1979

    Saddam and his executive Revolutionary Command Council discuss the March resolutions of the Arab League, which included the expulsion of Egypt and the cutting diplomatic ties due to its peace treaty with Israel.

  • November 20, 1979

    Report on the Visit to the Soviet Union by the Palestine Liberation Organization Delegation

    Report on the meeting between Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) delegation and the Soviet Union on the situation in the Middle East. The Soviet Union emphasizes their position on anti-imperialist action in Arab lands and on strengthening the relationship between Arab states.

  • March 30, 1980

    From an interview with the President of the SI, Brandt, for the French newspaper Le Nouvel Observateur 30 March 1980

    Willy Brandt's interview for the French newspaper on Camp David and recognition of the new Jewish state.

  • April 22, 1980

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Hafez Al-Assad, Damascus

    The two leaders talk about recent developments in the Middle East, US-Arab relations, and Soviet support for Arab regimes.

  • April 22, 1980

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Yasser Arafat, Damascus

    The two leaders discuss the situation in the Middle East, and the role of the superpowers - the US and the Soviet Union.

  • June 10, 1981

    Letter from Israeli General Rafael Eitan to South African Minister Magnus Malan on Israeli Airstrike on Iraqi Nuclear Reactor

    Chief of Staff of Israel Defense Forces, General Rafael Eitan writes to South African Minister of Defence Magnus Malan shortly after Israel’s 1981 strike on Iraq’s Osirak nuclear reactor. In this candid letter, Eitan states that Israel’s “iron determination” would not “allow these crazy Arabs to possess nuclear weapons," adding that "anyone who tries to say that the nuclear reactor in Iraq was only for research purposes is wicked, cynical and oil, not human blood, flows in his veins."

  • October 27, 1981

    Report on the Results of the Visit to the USSR by the Palestine Liberation Organization Delegation

    The meeting between the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Soviet Union addresses the United States imposition of imperialistic policy in the Middle East. PLO head Yasser Arafat believes that the United States, Israeli, and Western European agreements at Camp David will negatively impact Palestinians and other Arab states and must be overturned. The Soviet Union responds by restating the need for unity in the Middle East.

  • March 09, 1982

    Conversation between Erich Honecker and Yasser Arafat (Excerpt)

    This is an excerpt of a conversation which appears in full at BA-SAPMO J IV 2/201/1416. The conversation opens with the issue of French-Israeli relations. France plans to deliver a nuclear reactor to Israel to the opposition of the Arab world. Also mentioned are the deliveries of arms from the GDR to the PLO. Arafat reports on the use of chemical weapons by Israel in Lebanon. These weapons were reportedly delivered by the FRG. Israel also seems to use biological weapons. Final topics of discussion are the role of the Pope in Poland, the question of Jerusalem, and the Islamic movement in Afghanistan.

  • February 14, 1984

    Transcript of a Meeting between Comrade Erich Honecker, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the SED and Chairman of the State Council of the GDR, with the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the PLO, Yasser Arafat

    At a meeting held in Moscow on the occasion of Soviet General Secretary Yuri Andropov’s funeral, Arafat cordially thanks the GDR for its “permanent support and solidarity”. Arafat and Honecker discuss the Middle East’s fractious situation, agreeing in particular that the Camp David Accords must be nullified.