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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 08, 1969

    Strategy in Four Power Talks on the Middle East

    An assessment of the US Government's strategy in the Four Power Talks, specifically focusing on the goal of a comprehensive and final Arab-Israeli settlement, but acknowledging the immense difficulties of this given the positions of other international players.

  • December 09, 1969

    Address by The Honorable William P. Rogers, Secretary of State, Before the 1969 Galaxy Conferencce on Adult Education

    Secretary Rogers speaks on the American role in peace in the Middle East, discussing previous talks with the Soviet Union and the United Nations, and outlining some of the key issues and the American position on them.

  • December 10, 1969

    NSC Meeting: The Middle East. December 10, 1969

    The Council re-caps the current situation in the Middle East and discusses US options to improve the American position in the Middle East and work for an Arab-Israeli settlement.

  • December 24, 1969

    Telegram from J. Sisco and A.L. Atherton to Secretary of State

    An outline of the Soviet response to the current situation between Israel and the United Arab Republic. Sisco believes their reply is not constructive and will not improve issues in the region.

  • December 30, 1969

    Saunders, Memorandum for Dr. Kissinger: US-USSR Mid-East Talks - Where They Stand

    Saunders summarizes the current American and Soviet positions towards negotiating points such as specificity of language, timing of withdrawal of troops, boundaries and demilitarized zones, refugees' right of return, and recognition of sovereignty. Saunders believes they have reached an impasse.

  • February 01, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "Message from Kosygin"

    Kissinger analyzes the message that Kosygin gave to the US regarding Israel's military action against the Arab states. He believes the tone is moderate, but still a threat, and that the Soviets are not in the stronger position. He also lays out a proposed response.

  • February 03, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "Reply to Kosygin"

    A draft reply to Kosygin's message, along with recommendations for the President on content, tone, and timing from Kissinger and Secretary Rogers.

  • February 06, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "Further Background on the Kosygin Letter"

    A memorandum in which Kissinger theorizes on the reasoning behind the Kosygin letter, specifically Brezhnev's anger over an Israeli strike on several Soviet advisors in the region and Soviet frustration over the limited options in their current position.

  • February 09, 1970

    Washington Special Actions Group (WSAG) Meeting, February 9, 1970, "Possible Soviet Moves in Egypt"

    Notes of a meeting of the Washington Special Actions Group. They plan to draw up a US position for dealing with possible Soviet moves in Egypt within the next week, and review the military situation in the Middle East in subsequent meetings.

  • February 12, 1970

    Memorandum for the Record: "Actions Required as a result of WSAG Meeting, February 11, on Mid-East"

    A review of the papers requested in the February 11 WSAG meeting, and a plan to make them available by February 14.

  • March 10, 1970

    TelCon between Sisco and Kissinger, March 10, 1970

    A conversation between Kissinger and Sisco regarding the possibility of the US providing replacement planes to Israel.

  • March 10, 1970

    TelCon between President Nixon and Henry A. Kissinger, March 10, 1970

    A conversation between Kissinger and President Nixon, discussing the US position towards Israel (specifically economic assistance and media response)

  • March 10, 1970

    Memorandum of Conversation, Ambassador Dobrynin and Dr. Henry A. Kissinger

    Kissinger and Dobrynin discuss the upcoming SALT talks, the situation in the Middle East, and Vietnam.

  • March 13, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "The New Soviet tactic on Middle East Talks"

    An analysis of the Soviet's proposal for a resumption of bilateral talks on a Middle East settlement, specifically the reasoning behind the Soviet's desire to resume conversations.

  • March 17, 1970

    Aide Memoire, March 17, 1970

    A confirmation that the United States intends both to continue providing hardware to Israel, as well as to pursue a negotiated peace settlement in the region.

  • April 25, 1970

    Memorandum of Conversation between Yitzak Rabin and Henry Kissinger

    Rabin and. Kissinger discuss the Soviet's participation in the Egyptian Air Force, an increase in Egyptian air attacks on Israel, and potential American responses.

  • May 12, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "Sisco Reflections after Mid-east Trip"

    A review of Secretary Sisco's trip to the Middle East, in which he inuits that neither Egypt nor Israel believe peace is possible with the other at the current time.

  • May 21, 1970

    Memorandum for the Record, "Meeting of the NSC Special Review Group on the Middle East

    Notes on an NSC Special Review Group, discussing the shift in balance and policy after the US commitment to supply aircraft to Israel.

  • June 09, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "Next Steps in the Middle East"

    A memorandum that outlines several proposed courses of action the United States could take in order to stop the fighting in the region, restart negotiations, provide Israel reassurance, and does not reflect weakness towards Moscow.

  • June 09, 1970

    Memorandum of Conversation between Secretary of State Rogers and Soviet Ambassador Dobrynin

    A recap of a meeting in which Secretary Rogers and Ambassador Dobrynin discuss proposed formulations to negotiate a peace in the Middle East, and the Soviet Union's involvement in the UAR.