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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 25, 1956

    Telegram from V. Ivanov to A.I. Mikoyan

  • September 26, 1956

    Telegram from Ponomarev to the CPSU Central Committee

    Peng Dehuai informs the Soviet delegation that the DPRK has not published the results of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Pllenum as promised. Peng suggests that if the DPRK fails to publish the resolutions, another joint delegation should be sent to Pyongyang.

  • September 27, 1956

    Telegram addressed to Mikoyan, 'With regards to Pak Il-u'

    This telegram lists identification numbers of five telegrams sent to Usov, Alekseevich, and Aleksandrov between November 11, 1955 and May 22, 1956 on the topic of Pak Il-u.

  • October 05, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to the Central Committee of the Korean Workers Party

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to CPSU Central Committee in which Ri writes about his disagreement with the decisions made at Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum in August 1956.

  • October 11, 1956

    Telegram from USSR Ambassador to the DPRK V.I. Ivanov to A.I. Mikoyan, 'Decision of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum'

    Ivanov lists the accusations raised against those involved in the August Plenum incident, and describes the decision which calls for their expulsion from the Korean Workers' Party.

  • October 12, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee

    Ri Sang-jo seeks to redress the issue of aid from the Soviet Union by reminding party members of the CPSU's friendship and assistance to the North Korean people both before and after the Korean War. Ri discloses Soviet criticism of Kim Il Sung's economic policies and the cult of personality during meetings held in Moscow in the summer of 1956 and insists that the DPRK learn from the experiences of the fraternal communist parties in economic planning and in their struggles against cults of personality.

  • October 15, 1956

    Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee Report on 8 October Conversation between Ambassador Ivanov and Kim Il Sung

    Report on Kim Il Sung's rejection to publish the text of the decree of the KWP CC Plenum in its entirety. CPSU CC agrees with Ambassador Ivanov's suggestion to familiarize the Chinese ambassador in the DPRK with the contents.

  • October 17, 1956

    Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee Memo on the Situation in the Korean Workers' Party

    CPSU CC intends to ask Ianov for updates on conditions conditions post-August and September KWP CC plenary sessions.

  • October 22, 1956

    Letter from DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo to Kim Il Sung

    Ri expresses strong disapproval of the accusations brought against certain party members, including himself. He asks that he be removed from the Korean Workers' Party and presents his own accusations against Kim of embezzling state funds.

  • November 05, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Chinese Ambassador to the DPRK Qiao Xiaoguang

    The PRC intervention of Mikoyan and Peng Dehuai regarding the September Plenum is discussed, along with the possibility of the critics of Kim Il Sung's leadership returning from the PRC.

  • November 28, 1956

    Letter Fischer to Florin, North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union

    Fisher informs Florin about personnel changes in North Korean Embassy in Soviet Union.

  • December 28, 1956

    Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee Report on the Situation in the Korean Workers' Party and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    The Soviet embassy in Pyongyang provides a description of the events leading up to the 1956 August Plenum,the strained relations between the DPRK and the PRC following the joint Sino-Soviet intervention, and North Korean development strategies.

  • February 14, 1957

    Note from a Conversation with the 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade Pimenov on 10 February 1957

    Counselor at the Embassy of Pyongyang Comrade Petrov is recalled for incorrectly supporting the August Group.

  • April 04, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with the 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade Pimenov of 26-27-28-29.III.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pimenov discuss political groups in North Korea, Soviet specialists in the DPRK, the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission, and the reunification of Korea.

  • April 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 April 1957

    Puzanov recalls Kim Du-bong's and Nam Il's explanation of the DPRK's food challenges, domestic cloth and cement production, and emphasis on solidarity with the socialist camp.

  • April 09, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 9 April 1957

    During his conversation with Puzanov, Kim Il Sung discusses the five-year plan to develop the DPRK's economy, the KWP's efforts to improve the standard of living for the North Korean people, factionalism and the eventual consolidation of KWP members under the official party line, Stalin's cult of personality, and problems in the North Korean judiciary.

  • April 11, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 11 April 1957

    Puzanov, Kim Il, and Hong Myeong-hui discuss the DPRK's fertilizer needs, the possible aid of Uzbekistan grapevines to North Korea, and the DPRK's prioritization of heavy industry in its development model.

  • April 15, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 April 1957

    Puzanov and Kim Il Sung reaffirm the need for solidarity between the Soviet Union and North Korea. Then Kim Il Sung shares about the unanimity achieved in KWP ranks and the agenda to discuss rice and fish products at the upcoming KWP CC plenum on 18 April.

  • April 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 April 1957

    The DPRK Ambassador to the GDR tell Puzanov about a conference of DPRK ambassadors. He directs Puzanov's attention to the following issues: the disgrace of the former DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo, the possibility of a neutral Korea, DPRK foreign trade relations, the recall of the DPRK Ambassador from Romania, and party-government delegations from various communist countries.

  • May 02, 1957

    Note from Conversations with Comade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, on 23 and 25 April 1957

    Kim Du-bong's speech and his relation to the August group are summarized in this Polish Embassy report.