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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 23, 1979

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Hungarian Ambassador in North Korea reports on the construction of the Kori Nuclear Power Plant in South Korea, highlighting that South Korea's projected power output would eventually surpass North Korea's by three-fold. As a result, North Korea was anxious to build its own nuclear power plant and perhaps even an atomic bomb.

  • March 12, 1981

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Soviet Union continues talks with the DPRK regarding economic issues. The Soviet Union extends North Korea's credit, yet continues to defer the construction of the repeatedly requested power plant. Sino-Korean relations are also criticized.

  • April 30, 1981

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A North Korean delegations visits technical universities and colleges in Czechoslovakia and the GDR. North Korea urgently seeks to send post-graduate students and trainees to study in fields related to nuclear physics, laser technology, etc.

  • March 07, 1983

    Memorandum, Hungarian Academy of Sciences to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The DPRK asks Hungary to train Korean experts on the operation and management of a nuclear power plant.

  • April 06, 1983

    Letter, Hungarian Foreign Ministry to the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

    Hungary politely defers North Korea's request for training on a nuclear power plant to the Soviets.

  • August 04, 1983

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Bulgarian Embassy in North Korea urges the DPRK to join the Non-Proliferation Treaty. North Korea won't commit, citing presence of US nuclear weapons in South Korea

  • May 30, 1984

    Stenographic Record of Conversation between Erich Honecker and Kim Il Sung

    Stenographic record of the first meeting between Kim Il Sung and Erich Honecker upon the former's 1984 official visit to the GDR. This is the morning session of 30 May 1984. Kim does most of the talking. Kim Il Sung discussed the economic situation in North Korea, objectives and problems of energy generation, the educational system. He asked the GDR for labor and cooperation in the education of specialists. He wanted to sign a long-term agreement of economic cooperation along with the intended friendship treaty. Kim Il Sung also evaluated the military situation in South Korea, explaining the problems of negotiations and reunification with the South. Honecker proposed the creation of an agreement towards economic and scientific cooperation between GDR and North Korea.

  • March 09, 1985

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Soviet Union and DPRK enter negotiations to build a nuclear power plant, and "practically reach a preliminary agreement." North Korea views the construction as being a means of increasing economic and political prestige.

  • October 18, 1986

    Report on a Erich Honecker's visit to North Korea, October 1986

    During the meeting with Kim Il Sung, Honecker talked about economic deployment in the GDR and German foreign policy. Kim Il Sung explained Korea's economic problems and objectives, as well as Korea's external position. Treaties for economic cooperation were signed.

  • May 30, 1988

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Negotiations continue at the Soviet-Korean Intergovernmental Economic, Technical, and Scientific Commission on the construction of a nuclear power plant in North Korea. No agreement is reached on selecting a construction site.

  • July 19, 1988

    Report on Visit of East German Military Delegation to North Korea

    Report on the visit of a GDR military delegation to North Korea. A conversation with Kim Il Sung is detailed and it is noted that the visit, culminating in an agreement on cooperation between ministries of defense, was a complete success

  • January 09, 1989

    Untitled report from Mieczysław Dedo, Polish Ambassador to the DPRK, concerning the results of Kim Jong Nam’s visit to Iran

    The Polish Ambassador in North Korea summarizes the results of Kim Jong Nam's visit to Iran, including possible oil deliveries, arms sales, and cooperation in uranium enrichment.

  • October 02, 1991

    Record of Conversation between F.G. Kunadze and Son Seong-Pil

    G.F. Kunadze pressures North Korean Ambassador Son Seong-pil about the DPRK concluding an agreement on nuclear safeguards with the IAEA.

  • October 08, 1991

    Record of Conversation between G.F. Kunadze and Yu Hongliang

    G.F. Kunadze asks that China to "exert influence" on North Korea and have it conclude a safeguards agreement with the IAEA.

  • October 09, 1991

    Record of Conversation between Chairman of the International Affairs Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR A. S. Dzasokhov with the DPRK Ambassador Son Seong-pil

    Son Seong-pil says North Korea will "closely watch" the withdrawal of US nuclear weapons from the Korean Peninsula.

  • November 15, 1991

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to R.I. Khazbulatov

    G.F. Kunadze speculates that North Korea's nuclear program will be a topic of conversation during high-level dialogues between Russia and South Korea.

  • November, 1992

    Defense Intelligence Assessment, US Defense Intelligence Agency, DST-1540Z-509-92-SI, 'Nuclear Proliferation Data Sheets'

    This extract from a collection of DIA reports on national nuclear weapons programs, focuses on North Korea – which is discussed in the both the key judgments section as well as in a chapter which examines several aspects of the North Korean nuclear program. The chapter examines North Korea’s nuclear infrastructure, fuel cycle, the extent of foreign assistance, treaty obligations, the nuclear program and possible future developments, and delivery vehicles.

  • May 27, 1993

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to E.A. Ambartsumov

    G.F. Kunadze is alarmed over North Korea's withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • June 16, 1993

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to S.A. Mikhailov

    G.F. Kunadze describes how the Russian Federation is seeking for North Korea to re-enter the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • 1996

    Excerpts from Recollections by the Former Soviet Ambassador in North Korea Aleksandr Kapto

    Aleksandr Kapto reflects on the Soviet Union's normalization of relations with South Korea, and the consequential fallout in relations between North Korea and the USSR. According to Kapto, North Korea threatened to develop nuclear weapons and withdraw from the NPT as a result of Soviet-South Korean rapprochement.