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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 29, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan tells Filatov about a conversation he had with Kim Il Sung regarding Pak Chang-ok, Pak Yeong-bin, and other Soviet Korean party members.

  • March 05, 1956

    Remarks on the Draft Statutes of the KWP

    Suggestions for improvements in the wording of the DPRK's constitution.

  • March 12, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the DPRK Vice Premier of the Cabinet of Ministers and Member of the KWP CC Presidium, Pak Chang-ok

    Relations between S.Filanov and Kim Il Sung are discussed, the internal political oppression of DPRK, the restricted press.

  • March 17, 1956

    Telegram from USSR Charge d'Affaires ad interim to the DPRK A.M. Petrov addressed to USSR Minister of Foreign Affairs V.M. Molotov

    Petrov reports on the ongoing case of former Minister of Internal Affairs and KKorean Workers' Party member Pak Il-u, three months after he was arrested.

  • April 19, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    Diary entry of a conversation between V.I. Ivanov and Kim Il Sung about whether Pak Heon-yeong should be put to death or not.

  • April 24, 1956

    Third Party Congress of the Korean Workers Party held from 24 to 30 April 1956

    Kim Il Sung discusses the North Korean economy and the five-year economic plan.Three documents are added to the note: 1) A report created by the commission for mandate examination. The report covers the action of the election for the Party Congress and the composition of the delegates.2) Minutes of a speech Kim Du-bong gave, overviewing North Korean achievements and objectives. 3) A list of members of the Central Committee and Politburo of the Labor Party that were elected on the Party Congress.

  • April 30, 1956

    Record of the Third Congress of the Korean Workers' Party by L.I. Brezhnev

    Brezhnev reports on the Third Congress of the Korean Workers' Party and concludes that there is a misunderstanding of the 20th Congress of the CPSU in North Korea. Brezhnev also mentions a meeting that took place, at Kim Il Sung's request, with the CPSU delegation that was present at the Third Congress.

  • May 30, 1956

    Report by N. T. Fedorenko on a Meeting with DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo

    Discussions between Fedorenko and Ri Sangjo about the economic troubles in North Korea and potential Soviet aid, allowing the Ministry of Internal affairs to observe Soviet institutions, unrest in the KWP CC, and the power of Kim Il Sung

  • May 31, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Gi Seok-bok

    Discusses the attempts to dispel the rumors that Kim Il Sung's cult of personality exists in DPRK.

  • June 05, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Choe Chang-ik

    Ambassador Ianov and Choe Chang-ik discuss the visit of the DPRK government delegation to Eastern Europe and the USSR and the policies of the Korean Worker's Party.

  • June 05, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Pak Ui-wan

    Ambassador Ianov discusses with Vice Premier and Minister of Light Industry Pak Ui-wan on his hope that Kim Il Sung's trip to the GDR would bring changes in North Korean economic policy.

  • June 11, 1956

    Summarizing Protocol of the Politburo Meeting with the Korean Comrades on 8 June 1956 at 1730 hours

    Discussion on North and South Korean politics and economy, with detailed account on North Korean economic development.

  • June 21, 1956

    Memorandum of a Conversation with DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo on 16 June 1956

    Conversation between DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo and Kurdyukov of USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Ri is concerned about personality cult in DPRK, and argues that KWP leadership needs serious ideological help from CPSU CC; that is to say, help is needed from outside.

  • July 20, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the head of the department of construction materials under the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers, Li Pil-gyu.

    Li Pilgyu holds a frank conversation about Kim Il Sung's inner circle, and where their loyalties lie. Kim Il Sung's cult of personality has created a dangerous politial and social atmosphere.

  • July 24, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK, Nam Il

    Nam Il speaks to Soviet Charge d'Affairs about the dangers of recent Soviet-Korean criticism of Kim Il Sung. They fear that Kim Il Sung would misinterpret the criticisms and create international tension.

  • August 29, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan discusses Kim Il Sung's draft report on his visit to the Soviet Union, the economic situation of the DPRK, party and government measures for the Five-Year Plan, the intra-party situation and the tasks of the Korean Worker's Party. During the conversation, Kim Du-bong notes his concerns over the personality cult, the shortcomings in the work of the Central Committee, and the serious economic situation in DPRK.

  • August 30, 1956

    Draft of a Statement by Yun Gong-heum at the CC Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party in August 1956

    Yun Gong-heum presents a lengthy criticism of Kim Il Sung's dictatorship. He accuses "sycophants" of straying from Marxist-Leninist principles and preserving Kim's personality cult.

  • September 01, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Premier Kim Il Sung

    Yoon Gong-heum and others at the August Plenum speak out against the cult of personality in the KWP and reject the party line. They are expelled from the party, and those who fled are held at the Chinese border.

  • September 01, 1956

    Diary of Ambassador of the USSR to the DPRK V.I. Ivanov for the period from 29 August to 14 September 1956

    Kim Il Sung, in conversation with Ivanov, expresses his concerns about assignment of personnel and the cult of personality in North Korea.

  • September 03, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to N.S. Khrushchev

    Ri Sang-jo urges Khrushchev to send a Sino-Soviet delegation to intervene in the aftermath of the August KWP CC Plenum.