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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • June 04, 1980

    Talking Points, with Policy Planning Staff Paper and Memoranda from Holbrooke, Smith, and Pickering Attached,

    The memorandum elaborates background materials compiled by Smith, Pickering, Holbroke and Lake for a meeting with Secretary Muskie.

  • June 05, 1980

    Memorandum, Leon Billings to the Secretary, 'The Attached,' with Memorandum, 'Non-Proliferation'

    The memorandum forwarded by Billings describes Bernhard argues against a PRC meeting and conveys Senator Glenn's belief that it is unnecessary to modify President's 1977 policy.

  • June 06, 1980

    Memorandum for the Files by Leon Billings, 'Non-Proliferation'

    The memorandum describes Ambassador Smith's stance on US policy permitting the use of plutonium for demonstration programs.

  • June 10, 1980

    Memorandum, Leon Billings to the Secretary, 'Non-Proliferation'

    The memorandum describing Billing urged the Secretary against sending a memorandum to the President that is biased toward Smith's argument.

  • June 18, 1980

    Memorandum, Zbigniew Brzezinski to the Secretary of State, 'Post-INFCE Explorations by Jerry Smith,' with attached memorandum by Warren Christopher to the President, 'Post-INFCE Explorations'

    The memorandum contains Cristopher's analysis of advantages and risks to Ambassador Smith's proceeding with post-INFCE explorations.

  • July 30, 1980

    Memorandum of conversation, 'Post-INFCE Explorations'

    The memorandum describes Ambassador Smith's meeting with Director General Yatabe regarding reprocessing of US origin materials and second reprocessing plant.

  • August 02, 1980

    Memorandum, 'Japanese Reprocessing,' with fax cover sheet from Henry Owen to Gerard C. Smith attached

    The memorandum questions Director General Yatabe's certainty about the second reprocessing plant, citing a conclusion of Japanese Atomic Energy Research Institute's draft report that Japan does not need the second plant.

  • August 23, 1980

    US Embassy Japan Telegram 14873 to State Department, 'GAO Review: Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978'

    The telegram describes the US Embassy in Tokyo reporting Japan's criticism of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978 but its unwillingess to be strongly opposed in fear of a cut-off in enrichment services and nuclear reactor components.

  • September 16, 1980

    Letter, Gerard C. Smith to Atsuhiko Yatabe, with Enclosed Memoranda

    The memorandum describing Ambassador Smith's thinking about an improved nonproliferation regime to Director General Yatabe.

  • November 12, 1980

    State Department Telegram 302395 to US Embassy Japan, 'Japanese Reprocessing Plans'

    The telegram shows the State Department requesting the US Embassy in Tokyo to learn more about Japanese thinking on a second reprocessing plant and why Japanese MITI and JAERIA held different views on this issue.

  • November 21, 1980

    Department of State Briefing Paper, 'US-Japanese Negotiations on the Tokai-Mura Reprocessing Facility'

    The briefing paper describes the Japanese government's reprocessing ability and desire to build the second reprocessing plant to fuel experimental breeder reactor. The State Department wants to resolve safeguards requirements for reprocessing in Japan but agrees that an interim agreement could be reached.

  • January 15, 1981

    State Department Telegram 010144 to US Embassy Japan, 'Tokai-Mura Negotiations Text of Notes'

    The telegram notifies the White House reaching an interim agreement with Japan that authorizes Tokai Mura to reprocess fifty more tons of spent fuel to keep the plant operating in exchange of Japan not making any attempts toward establishing a new reprocessing plant before 1 June 1981.

  • April 09, 1981

    Special Assistant for NPI, NFAC, CIA, to Resource Management Staff, Office of Program Assessment et al, 'Request for Review of Draft Paper on the Security Dimension of Non-Proliferation'

    Just a few months into President Reagan’s first term his administration wanted to make its own mark on nonproliferation policy. The report suggests building “broader bilateral relationship[s]” and offering political and security incentives could persuade states considering developing nuclear weapons to cease these efforts.

  • May, 1987

    Plan of Negotiations between M.S. Gorbachev and the President of the United States of America, R. Reagan before the first trip to Washington

    Soviet plan for negotiations between Gorbachev and Reagan. Topics covered include peacemaking efforts in the Near East, nuclear limitation, and the issue of Afghanistan.

  • December 21, 1987

    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Memorandum from Norman Wulf for Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, 'Next Steps on Pakistan—Solarz and Symington'

    Norman Wulf sent Armacost a proposal for applying nonproliferation standards to Palistan even if Reagan rejected application of the Solarz amendment and aid continued.

  • December 29, 1987

    Department of State, Memorandum from INR Director Morton Abramowitz to Mr. Armacost, 'Pakistan—Pervez Case and Solarz Amendment'

    This INR memorandum tacitly assumed that the facts of the Pervez case fit a decision to invoke the Solarz amendment: despite some recent actions to “restrict nuclear procurement in the US,” the procurement network “could not exist without the umbrella of government approval, protection, and funding.”

  • January 05, 1988

    Presidential Determination No. 88-5 of January 15, 1988

    Recognizing the facts brought out by the Pervez conviction, in January 1988 the Reagan White House invoked and then waived the Solarz amendment.

  • April 24, 1991

    John T. Kriese, US Defense Intelligence Agency, 'Talking Points for Briefing to House Energy and Commerce Committee – Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations'

    These talking points, prepared by John T. Kriese who at the time was both chief of the Nuclear Energy Division at DIA and chairman of the Joint Atomic Energy Intelligence Community, focused on the intelligence the US had available on the Iraqi nuclear program.

  • March 07, 1992

    Cable from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Washington

    Barbara Tobias, scientific attaché to the US embassy in Brasília, visited the Brazilian Foreign Ministry to discuss Brazil’s inclusion in the list of countries subjected to a rigorous system of exports control (“validated license”). Tobias explained that the decision was not made by consensus and that it was largely a demand of the American Congress.

  • June 05, 1992

    Cable from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Washington, 'Brazil-USA. Access to advanced technology. High level mission. General evaluation.'

    This cable reports the outcome of the visit made by the Missile Technology Control Regime's mission to Brazil headed by Reginald Bartholomew, Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs. Throughout the meeting, the Brazilian space program was described as the most sensitive issue in regard to the MTCR.