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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 23, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Request for Instructions on Supporting Korea’s Memorandum, “Ways to Resolve the Question of Korean Unification”'

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs proposes two options to the Central Committee for demonstrating its support for North Korea's position that the Korean issue should not be discussed at the United Nations General Assembly. The Ministry recommends that the People's Daily publishes supportive editorials but also suggests that other organizations could express their support for North Korea to newspapers instead.

  • December 19, 1963

    Record of the Third Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and President Nasser

    Zhou Enlai describes the state of Sino-American relations and Sino-Indian relations. Zhou and Nasser also discuss the Egyptian economy and Sino-Egyptian relations.

  • 1964

    The Situation Surrounding the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and France and Related Issues

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reviews the process of the normalization of relations between China and France and speculates how the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and France might affect China's status in the United Nations and with the UK, Europe, Africa, and Japan.

  • January 15, 1964

    Cable from Kong, Huang, and Tong, 'Situation of the Ghana Visit'

    A summary of Zhou Enlai's conversation with Kwame Nkrumah that covered Sino-Ghanian relations, China's status at the UN, liberation movements in Africa, Sino-Indian relations, the Non-Aligned Movement, nuclear weapons free zones in Africa, and the Congo crisis, among other subjects.

  • January 23, 1964

    Report, UN Department of Political and Security Council Affairs, 'French Recognition of the C.P.R. and Its Consequences for the United Nations'

    The Department of Political and Security Council Affairs outlines the diplomatic consequences of France's recognition of the People's Republic of China in 1964.

  • March 08, 1964

    Record of Premier Zhou Enlai's Conversations with the President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah

    Over the course of three conversations, Zhou and Nkrumah discuss African regionalism, China's position at the United Nations and its relations with the United States, non-alignment, decolonization, developments in the Congo, and an African nuclear-weapons-free zone.

  • December 16, 1964

    Telegram number 1508-10 from Claude Chayet

    Claude Chayet summarizes the responses at the United Nations to China's proposal for a conference on nuclear disarmament.

  • February 11, 1965

    Minutes from a Conversation between A.N. Kosygin and Mao Zedong

    The Soviet Union sent a delegation to the All-China Assembly of People's Representatives in Beijing. During this time, A.N. Kosygin and Mao Zedong discussed Vietnam including American military actions, Soviet assistance and support, and their socialist path. The conversation then moved towards a debate over spheres of military influence. The Soviets believed that they and the Chinese should unite to fight against American capitalism, but Mao stated that the Soviets should protect Europe and Chine should protect Asia. Other issues addressed included imperialism, Africa, the United Nations, foreign relations, and the concern over factions between communist states and internal factions within parties.

  • March 31, 1965

    Record of the Second Meeting between Premier Zhou and President Ben Bella

    Ben Bella and Zhou Enlai discuss a range of issues, including the Vietnam War, the Sino-Soviet split, the Second Asian-African Conference, China's status at the UN, Algerian foreign policy, and developments in the Congo and elsewhere in Africa.

  • April 02, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Pakistan's Foreign Minister Bhutto

    Zhou and Bhutto discuss the Second Asian-African Conference, as well as the potential for a rapprochement between China and the Philippines.

  • June 23, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the Foreign Minister of Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika

    The conversation was about the domestic incidents within Algeria. Zhou expressed China's standpoints on these incidents. Zhou and Bouteflika also discuss the fate of the Second Asian-African Conference.

  • November 27, 1968

    Italian Policy towards the People’s Republic of China

    An Italian Foreign Ministry report on future policies leading to Italy's recognition of the People's Republic of China and Beijing's admission to the United Nations.

  • December 20, 1968

    Note from the Director General of Political Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Chinese Issue'

    The Italian Foreign Ministry reviews changes in Chinese foreign policy and approaches Italy ought to take towards normalization relations with China.

  • February 07, 1969

    Secret Note from the Italian Embassy in Paris to Rome

    Via the Italian Embassy in Paris, the Chinese Government indicates that it is willing to establish diplomatic relations with Italy as long as three general principles are adhered to.

  • July 14, 1969

    Note from Ambassador Caruso for Ambassador Vinci

    The Italian delegation to the UN decides to vote in favor of the assignment of the Chinese seat to the PRC.

  • October 01, 1969

    Letter from Aldo Moro to Franco Mario Malfatti

    Moro discusses the ongoing negotiations at the UN concerning the recognition of the People's Republic of China.

  • October 13, 1969

    Aide-Memoire: Meeting with Hamdi O. Mouknass

    Hamdi Ould Mouknass praises Zhou Enlai as "a great statesman" and suggests that the People's Republic of China ought to gain entry into the United Nations.

  • December 05, 1969

    Note on the Conversation between the Honourable Minister and the Canadian Minister for Foreign Affairs Sharp, at NATO in Brussels

    Mitchell Sharp and Aldo Moro coordinate Canadian and Italian policies towards China and Taiwan.

  • September 07, 1970

    Urgent Note from the Conversation of Stefan Jedrychowski with the New PRC ambassador to Poland, Comrade Yao Guang

    Poland’s Foreign Minister reports that he informed the new PRC ambassador of Poland's interest in developing relations with China, adding that he believes the difficulties between China and other socialist countries to be temporary. The PRC ambassador responded by saying that "there are divergences between our countries" but that it should not prevent friendly state relations. The two also discussed Sino-Soviet relations, with the PRC ambassador stating that in that realm, there are divergences that cannot be resolved.

  • November 28, 1970

    Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Italian Republic and the People’s Republic of China

    Italy establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.