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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 31, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 28 (Overall Issue No. 54)

    Several sections of this issue address concerns about factory work and production. It also discusses inspection standards for processed grains and plans to enroll more doctoral students in universities. Other reports cover various provincial administrative matters, such as dividing and merging counties in Fujian.

  • August 11, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 29 (Overall Issue No. 55)

    This issue begins with several reports about spending in 1955, the national budget for 1956, and model by-laws for agricultural production cooperatives. It also discusses the third session of the 1st National People's Congress and ends with a speech about foreign policy and Taiwan, which Zhou Enlai delivered at the meeting.

  • August 22, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 31 (Overall Issue No. 57)

    This issue begins with a joint Sino-Syrian statement about the decision to exchange ambassadors and establish embassies in their respective countries. It also outlines plans for Nepali Prime Minister Tanka Prasad Acharya and Lao Prime Minister Prince Souvanna Phouma to visit China. Other sections address industrial and agricultural matters, newspaper subscriptions for different organizations, and provincial administrative concerns.

  • September 22, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 34 (Overall Issue No. 60)

    This issue features the text of a resolution to support the Soviet call for disarmament that passed through the National People's Congress. It also includes a joint statement about relations with Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and summarizes a government visit to Tibet. Other sections address strengthening agricultural production cooperatives, problems in education, and provincial administrative concerns, such as the creation of Linxia Autonomous Prefecture for Hui Muslims in Gansu.

  • October 19, 1956

    Briefing on the Visit to China of Pakistani Prime Minister Suhrawardy (No. 3)

    The premiers of Pakistan and China convene to discuss Taiwan, Pakistani-Chinese relations, Mao's leadership, and the Muslim population in China, among other issues.

  • October 26, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 38 (Overall Issue No. 64)

    This issue begins with a statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about American efforts to deliberately obstruct the Sino-US ambassadorial talks and prevent cultural exchange. It also discusses topics such as wage reforms for new joint public-private ventures, purchasing and storing seeds to prepare for disasters, and various provincial administrative concerns.

  • October 31, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 39 (Overall Issue No. 65)

    This issue begins with a joint statement from Premier Zhou Enlai and the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. It also covers Sino-Egyptian trade and outlines organizational guidelines for the "expert bureau." Other sections discuss relaxing the rural market, problems related to rural finances, and managing teachers' benefits.

  • November 17, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 41 (Overall Issue No. 67)

    This issue commemorates the 90th birthday of Sun Yat-sen and continues to decry British and French aggression in Egypt. It also affirms Sino-Burmese relations after former Burmese Prime Minister U Nu visited China as Chairman of the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League. Other sections cover the need for labor protection, establishing and expanding local people's committees, and problems with work assignments for university graduates.

  • November 23, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 42 (Overall Issue No. 68)

    This issue covers the second plenary session of the CCP Central Committee and outlines plans for Zhou Enlai to visit seven countries, including the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It also addresses other topics, such as trade between Tibet and Nepal, controlling counter-revolutionaries, and the Third Ministry of Machine Building for aviation.

  • December 08, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 44 (Overall Issue No. 70)

    This issue begins with a joint statement from Zhou Enlai and Cambodian Prime Minister San Yun. It also covers Sino-Egyptian trade, the national budget for 1957, and various provincial administrative matters, such as renaming counties in Heilongjiang Province.

  • October 03, 1957

    Notes on Conversation between Polish Defense Minister Spychalski and PRC Leader Mao Zedong

    Mao Zedong discusses the history of the Chinese Communist Party, among other topics with Marian Spychalski.

  • January 07, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion held by the Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, G.S. DOBASHIN, with the Secretary of the Party Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade LÜ JIANREN

    Lü Jianren briefs Dobashin on calls for an independent Uyghur republic.

  • January 12, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion held by the Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, G.S. DOBASHIN, with Deputy Chairman of the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade XIN LANTING

    Xin Lanting discusses growing calls for the separation of Xinjiang from the People's Republic of China.

  • January 17, 1958

    Memorandum of a Discussion held by USSR Consul-General in Ürümchi, G S. Dobashin, with First Secretary of the Party Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade Wang Enmao, and Chair of the People’s Committee, Comrade S. Äzizov

    In a conversation with the Soviet Consul-General, Wang Enmao describes "local nationalism" within Xinjiang and open hostility towards Chinese Communist Party rule.

  • January 20, 1958

    Note from G. Dobashin, Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, to Comrades N.T. Fedorenko, Zimianin, and P.F. Iudin

    G. Dobashin summarizes recent talks with leading officials in Xinjiang, including Wang Enmao, S. Äzizov, and Xin Lanting, about the Party Plenum in Xinjiang. Full versions of the conversations are attached to the file.

  • February 05, 1958

    Iu. Andropov to the Central Committee of the CPSU, 'On the Struggle with Local Nationalism in China'

    Iu. Andropov of the Liaison Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU describes Chinese Communist Party meetings in Xinjiang and "local nationalism" in China's far northwest.

  • March 03, 1958

    M. Zimianin to the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov, 'On Manifestations of Local Nationalism in Xinjiang (PRC)'

    During party meetings in Xinjiang, some individuals advocated for the creation of an independent Uyghur republic.

  • April 02, 1958

    Record of Conversation between Polish Delegation and PRC Leader Mao Zedong, Wuhan

    Chairman Mao and Comrade Jaroszewicz changed their views about the plan to catch up with western countries, the excessive population growth, the agriculture production.

  • August 18, 1958

    M. Zimianin to the Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov

    E. I. Shalunov meets with the Chief of the Education Department of the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade Zakirov, to discuss criticisms against other local leaders in XUAR and recent Party meetings.

  • August 23, 1958

    Memoir by Wu Lengxi, 'Inside Story of the Decision Making during the Shelling of Jinmen'

    Wu Lengxi, a member of the CCP Central Committee, recalls events in August 1958 when Chinese Communist forces along the Fujian coast began an intensive artillery bombardment of the Nationalist-controlled Jinmen Island. He recalls a Politburo Standing Committee meeting in which Mao states that the bombardment was in part motivated by events in the Middle East.