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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 20, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No. 32616 from Savel'yev in Urumchi

    PLA troops arrived in Urumchi in Xinjiang.

  • October 25, 1949

    Letter from Cde. Mao Zedong to Cde. Filippov [Stalin] via Kovalev

    Detailed report on the arrival of the PLA in Xinjiang, including the local population's reaction. Mao reports that the PLA was greeted warmly except for activities of some "reactionary elements and propaganda units of the Kuomintang."

  • December 29, 1949

    Report of Cde. Peng Dehuai about the Situation in Xinjiang

    Peng reports on the situation in Xinjiang following the takeover of Xinjiang by the People's Liberation Army.

  • April 06, 1950

    Letter, Muhammad Amin Bughra, Isa Yusuf Alptekin, and Colonel Adam Sabri to Owen Lattimore

    Exiled in India, Bugrha, Alptekin, and Sabri ask Lattimore for financial and material support. They also praise Dean Acheson's January 1950 Press Club Speech.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Dr. W. Norman Brown

    Owen Lattimore forwards a letter from three exiled leaders from Xinjiang, and asks for support to bring a Uyghur-language specialist to the US.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Lennox C. Fogg, Jr.

    Lattimore forwards a letter from three exiled leaders from Xinjiang, and hints at Senator Joseph McCarthy's attacks on his character.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Mortimer Graves

    Owen Lattimore continues to lobby for support to recruit an area studies specialist from Xinjiang.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Frank Hopkins

    Owen Lattimore asks the Foreign Service Institute for support to bring a Xinjiang specialist to the United States.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Colonel Adam Sabri

    Owen Lattimore reports to several of Xinjiang's exiled leaders that he is seeking support on their behalf.

  • June 22, 1950

    Letter, Mortimer Graves to Owen Lattimore

    Mortimer Graves of the American Council for Learned Societies responds to Owen Lattimore's request for financial support to bring a Xinjiang specialist to the United States.

  • June 29, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Mortimer Graves

    Lattimore continues his push to improve the study of "Central Asian Turkish" in the United States.

  • November 14, 1950

    Letter, Isa Yusuf Alptekin to Owen Lattimore

    Isa Yusuf Alptekin recounts his experiences in Xinjiang in the 1940s and his flight to India and beyond after the Chinese Communist revolution. He also asks Lattimore for assistance in having exiled students from Xinjiang go to the United States for further education.

  • April 09, 1951

    Memorandum to Mr. B. Kuniholm from Enver Shakul, 'News from Sinkiang'

    Enver Shakul, a Xinjiang exile working at the US Embassy in Ankara, shares the latest gossip from China's northwest.

  • April 30, 1951

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Isa Yusuf Alptekin

    Lattimore tells Alptekin that he is "doing my best to stimulate more study" of Xinjiang in the United States.

  • May 10, 1954

    Letter from Mohammad Emin Bugra, Former Deputy Chairman of Xinjiang Province, to Yolbars Khan, Chairman of the Office for the Xinjiang Provincial Government

    In a letter to Yolbars Khan, Mohammad Emin Bugra call for the Republic of China to "take a benign stance in supporting Xinjiang’s independence."

  • August 04, 1955

    Letters from Kazak Refugees in Turkey to Yolbars Khan

    Refugees from Xinjiang, writing from Turkey, ask for Yolbars Khan for assistance.

  • July 16, 1956

    Report and Recommendations by Yolbars Khan on Uighur and Kazak Refugees in the Middle East

    Yolbars Khan reports on the conditions of refugees from Xiniiang in Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Kashmir, and Pakistan, including the rival groups led by Isa Yusuf Alptekin and Emin Bugra.

  • January 07, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion held by the Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, G.S. DOBASHIN, with the Secretary of the Party Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade LÜ JIANREN

    Lü Jianren briefs Dobashin on calls for an independent Uyghur republic.

  • January 12, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion held by the Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, G.S. DOBASHIN, with Deputy Chairman of the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade XIN LANTING

    Xin Lanting discusses growing calls for the separation of Xinjiang from the People's Republic of China.

  • January 17, 1958

    Memorandum of a Discussion held by USSR Consul-General in Ürümchi, G S. Dobashin, with First Secretary of the Party Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade Wang Enmao, and Chair of the People’s Committee, Comrade S. Äzizov

    In a conversation with the Soviet Consul-General, Wang Enmao describes "local nationalism" within Xinjiang and open hostility towards Chinese Communist Party rule.