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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 23, 1986

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Jannuzzi), 'Meeting of the Minister with Lord Carrington'

    Foreign Minister Andreotti and Secretary General of NATO, Lord Carrington discuss the effects of the Reykjavik Summit in the European context.

  • December 13, 1986

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial Session of the Atlantic Council - Point II of the agenda. Speech of US Secretary of State Shultz about the prospects of post-Reykjavik scenario'

    Secretary of State, George P. Schultz analyzes US position following the collapse of the US-Soviet talks in Reykjavik. He discusses credibility of nuclear deterrence, US commitment to Europe and increasing conventional forces.

  • January 01, 1987

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'Visit of Nitze and Perle in Rome - ABM-SDI issue'

    In preparation to receive Nitze and Perle in Rome, the memo discusses the European concerns vis-à-vis what is seen as American intentions to abandon the ABM treaty. The document focuses on the Italian perspective and lists questions to be posed during the visit.

  • April 15, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Meeting between the Minister [Andreotti] and Minister Genscher'

    Notes from the meeting between Foreign Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti, and Foreign Minister of West Germany, Hans-Dietrich Genscher. The theme of the discussion is strengthening of the bilateral relationship between Italy and West Germany, the two major non-nuclear powers in Europe.

  • May 06, 1987

    Letter from the Ambassador Sergio Romano to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italian Ambassador to Moscow, Romano, shares his reflections on the change in Soviet SDI strategy. Romano's analysis underlines the politically fragile and potentially dangerous situation that could emerge as the result of nuclear disarmament in Europe.

  • November 06, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NPG, Point II-A of the agenda (implementation of the decision of 12th December 1979: State of deployments)'

    The telegram compiles updates from Defence Ministers (UK, West Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy) on the status of deployment of Pershing II and Cruise missiles decided in December 1979.

  • November 06, 1987

    Telegram by the Italian Embassy in Bonn to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NPG meeting in Monterey. West Germany's reactions'

    Italian Embassy in Bonn reports German reactions to the decisions taken at the Nuclear Planning Group meeting in Monterey.

  • April 06, 1988

    Diplomatic Advisor of the Prime Minister Fontana Giusti, 'Memorandum for President Goria'

    Briefing for PM Goria in preparation for his meeting with Secretary General Lord Carrington offers an overview of topics discussed by Foreign Minister Andreotti and Carrington the previous day. Key issues examined included European public opinion on NATO, the weak state of transatlantic relations, and questions related to weapons modernization and disarmament.

  • April 12, 1988

    Letter by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italy's permanent representative to NATO, Fulci, informs Andreotti about the developments in the plans to move F 16 from the Spanish base of Torrejon to Italy.

  • July 27, 1988

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Workshop of the HLTF on the conventional stability in Europe (Casale di Villa Madama, 25th-26th July 1988)'

    Summary of the informal session of the High-Level Task Force seminar on Conventional Arms Control.

  • December 13, 1988

    Telegram by Ambassador Vanni D'Archirafi to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Ministerial meeting in the light of Gorbachev's announcement to the United Nations - West Germany's assessments'

    The telegram decribes West Germany's reactions on Gorbachev's December 7, 1988 address at the UN where he announces drastic changes in Soviet foreign and security policy.

  • March 10, 1989

    Letter by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italy's permanent representative to NATO, Fulci, writes to foreign minister Andreotti following NATO's 1989 Wintex-Cimex exercise. His analysis suggests that the exercise revealed inefficincies in NATO's deterrence and flexible response strategy,

  • June 27, 1989

    Letter from NATO Deputy General Secretary Marcello Guidi to Minister Andreotti

    NATO's Deputy Secretary General Marcello Guidi writes to Foreign Minister Andreotti at the end of his term volunteering his rather optimistic views on the developments in East-West relations and NATO during the past three years. Key topics include disarmament, the German question, and the future role of NATO.

  • September 19, 1989

    Implementing Agreement between United States Department of Defense and Italian Ministry of Defense, 'Italy - US (about Patriot)'

    Implementing agreement for the Patriot system between Italy and USA. Attached also correspondence between Secretary of Defense Cheney and Minister of Defense Martinazzoli.

  • November 16, 1989

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council - Soviet foreign policy'

    Brief overview of the debate among NATO states regarding the drastic changes in Soviet foreign policy and their effects on European security and the alliance.

  • December 12, 1989

    Report, 'Purchase from Italy of the Surface-to-air Missile System PATRIOT of Raytheon Co. - US'

    This document discusses the political and strategic reasoning behind Italy's decision to acquire the Patriot air defense system from the US.

  • June 15, 1990

    Letter from Prime Minister Andreotti to NATO Secretary General Woerner

    The telegram includes a transcript of Andreotti's letter to NATO's Secretary General Woerner. In the light of the rapidly changing international system Andreotti emphasizes the necessity to bring NATO up to date to meet the new circumstances and to guarantee adequate defense moving forward.

  • July 05, 1990

    Analysis, 'The Atlantic Alliance in the 1990s'

    An analysis of the current state of NATO and its future prospects given the changing European lanscape. NATO will have to review its attitude, role, and tasks to adapt to the new realities of European security.

  • October 19, 1990

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Transfer to Crotone of the 401st Formation of US Air Force'

    Short telegram in which Fulci reports his conversation with his US counterpart about the recent decision on the Crotone airbase. Taft described the episode as a "parliamentary ambush" and reiterated the US administration's determination to do everything possible to safeguard the strategically important project.

  • November 04, 1990

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Perlot) to Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Review of the Alliance - The European dimension of security and the safeguard of NATO'

    Enzo Perlot describes the Italian position vis-à-vis the evolution of NATO and the European Union. He predicts strengthening of the European pillar, together with incresing responsibilities.