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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 21, 1954

    Letter, General James A. Van Fleet to President Rhee

    General Van Fleet first addresses the two sides of the Asian question. Should the US 1) try to “win back Asia” or 2) face the "reality" of the present conditions and should not recommence fighting in Korea? He advises Rhee to concentrate on expanding the ROK army and to leave reunification matters to the US and the United Nations.

  • February 26, 1954

    CIA Review of Radio Liberty Broadcasting

    A CIA memorandum reviews Radio Liberty policy guidance to date and outlines how it differs from the Voice of America.

  • March 04, 1954

    Letter, President Syngman Rhee to General Van Fleet

    President Rhee once again suggests that the US government should increase the ROK defense forces. It will not only be cheaper to fund Korean (over American) divisions, it also means that Americans do not need to fight in Korea. Rhee then negotiates that if the US government implements the necessary military buildup aid, he too will not take any “unilateral action” for or against the future Geneva Conference until after it has been in session. Finally, Rhee advocates his disapproval of US interest to build up Japan.

  • April 12, 1954

    CIA Criticism of American Committee for Liberation Mission Statement

    CIA official Thomas Braden, now responsible for Radio Liberty, criticizes American Committee for Liberation (AMCOMLIB) president Stevens’ enclosed mission statement as overemphasizing émigré politics and neglecting communication with the people of the Soviet Union.

  • April 21, 1954

    Revised American Committee for Liberation Mission Statement

    A revised AMCOMLIB Mission Statement reflects Thomas Braden’s critique in his April 12, 1954 memorandum ["CIA Criticism of American Committee for Liberation Mission Statement"]

  • June, 1954

    Proposals for the Establishment of an Anti-Communist Union of the Peoples of Asia

    A proposal for the creation an Anti-Communist Union of the Peoples of Asia, an organization which would allow "all democratic and free States of Asia...to pool their strength to resist Communist aggression."

  • June, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Top Secret Instructions to the ROK Delegation

    The South Korean delegation at the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference is told that "all the Free Nations of Asia should join in guaranteeing eternal security for each other" through a collective security arrangement.

  • June 10, 1954

    Memorandum for Mr. Lampton Berry from Thomas W. Braden [Approved for Release March 2009]

    CIA official Thomas Braden assures the State Department that RFE broadcasts which took sides in Czechoslovak factory council elections have ended. (The cited FEC document is available in the Hoover Archives as FEC teletype NYC 29, June 8, 1954.)

  • June 15, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Provisional Summary Record of the Opening Session

    Delegates from South Korea, China, Macao, the Philippines, and the Ryukyu Islands discuss the anti-communist struggle in the Asia Pacific.

  • June 15, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Press Release No. 2

    President Syngman Rhee proposes a "Pacific Pact or Alliance of Mutual Security" for non-communist countries in the Asia Pacific.

  • June 15, 1954

    Documents on Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference

    A collection of reports and resolutions from the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference held in Chinhae, Korea, June 15-June 17, 1954.

  • June 16, 1954

    State Department Reservations about Free Europe Committee Policy

    State Department official Lampton Berry conveys to Thomas Braden reservations about FEC Special Policy Guidance No. 19 [available in the Hoover Archives] that emphasized weakened Soviet control in Eastern Europe.

  • June 16, 1954

    Minutes, Meeting of the Committee of Permanent Organization of Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League

    Minutes of a meeting of the Committee of Permanent Organization of Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League held in Chinhae, Korea.

  • June 16, 1954

    Statement by President Syngman Rhee at the Fourth Session of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference

    President Syngman Rhee announces that the "Communist problem is not just a problem of one or two countries, but a world problem."

  • June 16, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Provisional Summary Record of the Fourth Session

    The Provisional Summary Record of the Fourth Session of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference features President Syngman Rhee proposing a "pacific alliance."

  • June 17, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Resolution No. 2

    During a meeting of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League in Chinhae, Korea, delegates declare a "determination to fight the evils of Communism."

  • June 17, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Resolution No. 2

    An expanded version of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Resolution No. 2, which was passed during a meeting of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League in Chinhae, Korea.

  • June 17, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Resolution No. 3

    The Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League "extends deep and sincere thanks and appreciation to the United States" through its Resolution No. 3, passed at a meeting in Chinhae, Korea.

  • June 17, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Resolution No. 4

    The Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League thanks President Syngman Rhee.

  • June 17, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Press Release No. 4

    The Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League announces the organizations principles and objectives following a meeting in Chinhae, Korea.