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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 10, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Soviet Representative Aleksei Ignatieff in Pyongyang to Vyshinsky

    In a discussion between Mao Zedong and Ri Ju-yeon, Mao expresses a positive attitude toward China-North Korea relations, though indicates he is unaware that Kim Il Sung was then in the Soviet Union.

  • April 25, 1950

    Telegram from Ignatiev to Vyshinsky

    Report of Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong’s safe arrival into North Korea.

  • May 13, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Roshchin to Cde. Filippov [Stalin]

    The telegram relays a request from Mao, conveyed via Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai, seeking Stalin’s “personal clarifications” of his stand on a potential North Korean action to reunify the country. Mao sought the information after hearing a report from Kim, who had arrived that day in the Chinese capital for a secret two-day visit and clearly claimed that he had received Stalin’s blessing.

  • May 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 8600, Vyshinsky to Mao Zedong

    The cable contains Stalin’s personal response to Mao's 13 May telegram. Using the code-name “Filippov,” Stalin confirms his agreement with the North Korean proposal to “move toward reunification,” contingent on Beijing’s assent.

  • June 19, 1950

    Current Capabilities of the Northern Korean Regime

    This report assesses the capabilities of North Korea in reference to; the Soviet position, the current political, economic, and military situations, and the current operations against South Korea.

  • June 26, 1950

    Top Secret Report on the Military Situation in South Korea from Shtykov to Comrade Zakharov

    Report from Shtykov to Zakharov detailing North Korean advances on the first day of the Korean War. Included is a list of conclusions drawn up by Shtykov regarding the conduct of Northern and Southern forces thus far.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 34691 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang Shtykov

    Reply from Stalin to Shtykov's telegram of July 1, 1950. Requests additional information on KPA plans and reaction to American internvention. Informs of intent to meet requests by Kim Il Sung for additional war materiel.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Stalin on the Political Mood in North Korea

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin (copied to the Soviet leadership) describing the successes of KPA forces in the South. He also relays the concern of some of the DPRK cadre regarding American intervention.

  • July 04, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 405840 from Shtykov to Feng Xi [Stalin]

    Shtykov reports on a meeting with Kim Il Sung and Pak Heonyeong concerning requests for arms, advisers and advice on how to move troops more efficiently. Shtykov proposes resolutions and advice.

  • July 05, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 3172, Stalin to Zhou Enlai via Roshchin

    A telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai with regards to India's mediation in the PRC's entry into the UN, Chinese troop movements in preparation for a possible Southern/Allied counterattack, and Soviet planes flying over Manchuria.

  • July 08, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 3231, Filippov (Stalin) to Soviet Ambassador Roshchin

    Telegram from Stalin to Beijing advising that they send a representative to Korea.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 37219 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to Shtykov

    Telegram from Stalin to North Korea advising that they reply to UN Secretary General Trygve Lie's concerns for treatment of POW's through a radio broadcast by a POW saying that prisoners are being treated well by the KPA.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai or Mao Zedong (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai detailing his response to the English protest concerning "the Korean question." Also, a request for confirmation of Chinese troop movements to the Sino-Korea border, in case of a repulse of North Korean forces. Finally, a confirmation of the plans to train Chinese pilots on Soviet jets, to be followed by the transfer of the jets to Chinese possession.

  • August 28, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung, congratulating him for his victories thus far and offering advise on the air force strategies.

  • August 31, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Feng Xi [Stalin]

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin describing Kim Il Sung's positive reaction to Stalin's congratulatory telegram of August 29, 1950.

  • August 31, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Feng Xi [Stalin], transmitting letter from Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin describing Kim Il Sung's positive reaction to Stalin's congratulatory telegram of August 29, 1950.

  • September 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow

    Telegram from Shtykov to Moscow requesting that they advise the DPRK government to prepare for the upcoming UN General Assembly session and a statement of the position the Soviet Union will take at the upcoming UNGA session.

  • September 27, 1950

    Telegram from Matveyev (Razuvayev V.N.) to Stalin

    Matveyev describes the state of the Korean People’s Army, particularly the severe status of troops in Seoul and Busan after having encountered American air and ground forces. Matveyev also reports on a meeting between several Soviet and Korean foreign ministers in which Kim Il Sung assumed the tasks of both Supreme Commander-in-Chief and Defense Minister and ordered the deployment of troops northward. Matveyev also outlines the steps he plans to take as a Soviet envoy in aiding the desperate Korean army.

  • September 28, 1950

    Telegram, from Gromyko to Stalin, Transmitting Letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin

    Kim Il Sung expresses his gratitude. In his telegram Gromyko informs Stalin of other letters from Kim Il Sung concerning the training of 120 Korean pilots in the Soviet Union, the supply of cars to the DPRK, the four advisors to North Korea's Ministry of Internal Affairs, and the wages of the air force cadets of the People's Army who are training in the Soviet Union.

  • September 29, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from DPRK leader Kim Il Sung and South Korean Communist Leader Pak Heon-yeong to Stalin (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong telling Stalin of the losses they have incurred following American air and ground attacks in South Korea and of their general lack of supplies and trained personnel.