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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 29, 1979

    Report on the Situation in Afghanistan, Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev to CPSU CC

    Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev report to CPSU CC on the increased repressions by Amin in Afghanistan. Brezhnev and other Soviet leaders may meet with Amin to discuss economic cooperation between the two countries, relating to petroleum products, food, and industrial goods. These topics are on the path to progressive socioeconomic reforms in the DRA.

  • December 01, 1979

    Personal memorandum Andropov to Brezhnev

    Personal memorandum Andropov to Brezhnev regarding the situation in Afghanistan following Amin’s coup

  • December, 1979

    Alexander Lyakhovskiy's Account of the Decision of the CC CPSU Decision to Send Troops to Afghanistan

  • December 02, 1979

    Telegram from Chief Soviet Military Adviser, 'Report from Kabul'

    H. Amin requests that the Soviet government send one reinforced regiment to Badakhshan.

  • December 04, 1979

    Telegram from Chief Soviet Military Adviser, 'Report from Kabul'

    H. Amin requests subunits of Soviet Internal Troops capable of keeping order in the northern regions together with the DRA people’s militia.

  • December 06, 1979

    Extract from CPSU CC Politburo Decision

    Extract from CPSU CC Politburo Decision about the dispatch of a special division to Afghanistan upon the request of Amin

  • December 06, 1979

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan F.A. Tabeev and H. Amin

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan F.A. Tabeev and H. Amin regarding future Soviet-Afghan cooperation

  • December 10, 1979

    Summary of a meeting on Afghanistan

    A meeting between CC CPSU officials demonstrates the disagreement over Soviet involvement in Afghanistan.

  • December 12, 1979

    CC CPSU Politburo Resolution # 176/125, Concerning the Situation in "A" [Afghanistan]

    The decree is on the situation in Afghanistan.

  • December 24, 1979

    Directive Nº 312/12/001 of 24 December 1979 signed by Ustinov and Ogarkov

    Directive signed by Ustinov and Ogarkov approving a contingent of Soviet military forces to stabilize the intra-party disagreements.

  • December 26, 1979

    Summary of a CC CPSU Meeting

    A summary of CC CPSU officials regarding the recently approved Soviet troop deployment in Afghanistan.

  • December 27, 1979

    CPSU CC Memo with attachments, 27 December 1979, on Politburo Protocol #177

    The memo concerns Soviet steps on ties with the development of the situation around Afghanistan.

  • December 27, 1979

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Circular to Soviet Ambassadors on the Situation in Afghanistan, Instructions for Meeting with Heads of Government

    'Outside Interference' in Afghan affairs lead Soviet officials to provide limited military aid and supplies in order to stabilize Afghanistan. Soviets, in pointing to a time-table for their involvement, stated that they would leave Afghanistan as soon as the foreign interference no longer exists.

  • December 27, 1979

    Message to Soviet Ambassadors on the Invasion of Afghanistan, Attachment to CPSU Politburo Decree #177

    The violent actions by the DRA, led by H. Amin, to de-stabilize the Afghan government, dissolving the gains made in the April Revolution, causes the Soviet Union to place military detachments in Afghanistan.

  • December 27, 1979

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Circular Cable to Soviet Ambassadors on the Situation in Afghanistan, Instructions for Meeting with Communist Party Leaders

    This document reveals the struggles facing Soviet forces in Afghanistan. Local individuals reacted negatively to outside Soviet involvement, which threatened to overturn the results of the April Revolution. Also, Soviets believed that the CIA, and Beijing’s leadership, were attempting to de-stabilize Afghanistan.

  • December 29, 1979

    CPSU CC Memo with Excerpt from Protocol #177/220, 29 December 1979

    This memo includes the response of Brezhnev to President Carter's address concerning Afghanistan and US-Soviet relations.

  • December 29, 1979

    Excerpt from the Minutes of the CC CPSU Politburo Meeting, 'Reply to an appeal of President Carter about the issue of Afghanistan through the direct communications channel'

    Soviet letter to US President Jimmy Carter responding to the US position on the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The CC CPSU Politburo informs the White House that the Soviet leadership desires to maintain detente with the US and that the intervention of Soviet troops was done at the request of the Afgan leadership, under Article 51 of the UN charter.

  • December 30, 1979

    Ciphered Telegram from Bulgarian Embassy in Kabul, 30 December 1979

    This document provides a statement Babrak Karmal's commitment to Afghan political party solidarity in the face of elements which attempted to de-stabilize his nation's democratic regime.

  • December 31, 1979

    Report on the Situation in Afghanistan, Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev to CPSU CC, 27-28 December 1979

    Andropov Gromyko Ustinov Ponomarev Report on Events in Afghanistan on 27-28 December 1979 regarding the crisis in Afghanistan and the overthrow of Amin’s oppressive regime with the help of Soviet troops

  • January 04, 1980

    Note from the Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan on Radio Broadcasting Station

    The USSR ambassador to the DRA confirms the decision to build a radio broadcasting station.