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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 29, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Attitude of the New Soviet Revisionist Leadership to the Situation in Vietnam''

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports on Soviet policy toward Vietnam after Khrushchev's removal.

  • 1965

    Lê Thanh Nghị, 'Report on Meetings with Party Leaders of Eight Socialist Countries'

    North Vietnamese Deputy Prime Minister and Politburo member Le Thanh Nghi recounts his discussions with socialist leaders in the summer of 1965, just as the war in the south was heating up.

  • January 08, 1965

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Hungarian Embassy to North Korea reports on information obtained through Soviet ambassador to North Korea, Vasily Moskovsky. The report summarizes negotiations between Alexei Kosygin, Soviet Council of Ministers Chairman, and a North Korean delegation to Moscow. The visit included discussions on the Soviet Union's military support to North Korea, particularly North Korea's distrust of Soviet support. The report notes, topics of discussion included the Cuban Missile Crisis, Gulf of Tonkin incident, and national liberation struggle in Asia and Africa.

  • January 09, 1965

    [Mao Zedong's] Conversation with American Journalist [Edgar] Snow

    This is a Chinese translation of an article that Edgar Snow wrote after he met with Mao for four hours. Topics that they touched on included: anti-imperialism around the world, the National Liberation Front in South Vietnam, the possibility of normalizing Sino-US relations, the atomic bomb, and Khrushchev.

  • February 06, 1965

    Record of the First Contact between Premier Zhou and Vice Premier Chen Yi and Kosygin

    Premier Zhou and others meet to discuss the current situations in South Vietnam and Laos, U.S. and Soviet strategy, and Chinese-Soviet competition over civil aviation, among other pressing issues.

  • February 10, 1965

    Record of the Fifth Contact between Premier Zhou and Vice Premier Chen Yi and Kosygin (1)

    Zhou and Kosygin discussed the conflicts in Vietnam. They discussed in details of providing logistic and political supports to North Vietnam.

  • February 11, 1965

    Minutes from a Conversation between A.N. Kosygin and Mao Zedong

    The Soviet Union sent a delegation to the All-China Assembly of People's Representatives in Beijing. During this time, A.N. Kosygin and Mao Zedong discussed Vietnam including American military actions, Soviet assistance and support, and their socialist path. The conversation then moved towards a debate over spheres of military influence. The Soviets believed that they and the Chinese should unite to fight against American capitalism, but Mao stated that the Soviets should protect Europe and Chine should protect Asia. Other issues addressed included imperialism, Africa, the United Nations, foreign relations, and the concern over factions between communist states and internal factions within parties.

  • February 27, 1965

    Oral Statement of the PRC Government, Transmitted by PRC Vice Foreign Minister Liu Xiao to the Chargé d’Affaires of the USSR in the PRC, Cde. F. V. Mochulski

    The Chinese response to the Soviet request for China's opinion on a possible international conference on the subject of Indochina. The Chinese opinion is that to propose such a thing would make the Communist countries look weak and only encourage the United States.

  • March 01, 1965

    Zhou Enlai Talking to Ho Chi Minh

    Zhou Enlai discusses new Soviet Party leadership, a joint statement of support of Vietnam from socialist countries and close observation of Soviet military activities.

  • March 03, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘Chinese Students Intending to Participate in the Demonstrations Organized by the Vietnamese Students’

    The Chinese Embassy reports that students from Vietnam are organizing a protest against the United States in Moscow and have requested that students from China join the rally.

  • March 05, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘On the Situation of the Vietnamese Embassy’s Nguyen Phu’s Report to Zhang Dake’

    The Vietnamese Ambassador meets with the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs following the crackdown on Vietnamese and Chinese student protestors in Moscow.

  • March 05, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On the Request for Instructions/Approval concerning the Soviet Military and Police's Crackdown on Anti-US Demonstrators and the Arrests and Injuring of Overseas Chinese Students'

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs considers how to respond to the Soviet suppression of student demonstrations in Moscow.

  • March 26, 1965

    Minutes of a Conversation Between the RCP Leadership led by Nicolae Ceausescu and the CCP Leadership Led by Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai, Maurer, and Ceausescu discuss US military engagement in South Vietnam and USSR's response.

  • March 27, 1965

    Resolution of the Party Central Committee on the Immediate Situation and Urgent Responsibilities

    Resolution by the Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee on the Vietnam War and the related "diplomatic struggle."

  • March 30, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Delegation in Algeria to the Foreign Ministry, 'Main Points of Conversation with Ben Bella '

    Ben Bella shares his views on the revolutionary situation in Africa, particularly developments in the Congo.

  • March 31, 1965

    Record of the Second Meeting between Premier Zhou and President Ben Bella

    Ben Bella and Zhou Enlai discuss a range of issues, including the Vietnam War, the Sino-Soviet split, the Second Asian-African Conference, China's status at the UN, Algerian foreign policy, and developments in the Congo and elsewhere in Africa.

  • April 02, 1965

    Transcript of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Muhammad Ayub Khan

    Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Pakistan President Muhammad Ayub Khan regarding the Vietnam War. Zhou says that China firmly supports Vietnamese people's war against the U.S. Zhou also states that if the U.S. forces or expands the war to China, then China will resist to the end. China will not actively start a war with the U.S. but it is prepared in the case war happens.

  • April 02, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the President of Pakistan Ayub Khan

    Zhou, Ayub Khan, and Zulfikar Bhutto discuss the Vietnam War, China's relations with the US and the Soviet Union, the Second Asian-African Conference, and the Non-Aligned Movement.

  • April 05, 1965

    Cable from Zhu Qiwen, 'The Vietnamese Side passing on the Soviet Communist Party’s Proposal regarding the Holding of a Three-Party Summit among the Soviet Party, and the Vietnamese Party, and the Chinese Party'

    Zhu Qiwen reports on possible Soviet motives in proposing a three-party meeting between North Vietnam, China, and the Soviet Union.

  • April 08, 1965

    The Four-Point Position of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam Regarding a Political Solution of the Vietnam Question

    Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Van Dong's report at the Congress of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam clarifies the DRV's 4-point position toward a political solution of the Vietnam question in the spirit of the Geneva Accords: The US had to withdraw all military personnel and destroy their bases in Vietnam. Before a peaceful reunification, the North and the South refrained from having military alliance with other countries and foreign armies and bases in their territories. South Vietnam's internal matters would be dealt with without foreign intervention and the reunification issue would be discussed between the Vietnamese.