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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 16, 1961

    Chinese Policy toward the DPRK and Behavior of the Chinese Ambassador in Pyongyang

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth reports on friction between China and North Korea and describes several instances of discourteous behavior between the two parties.

  • March 17, 1961

    Cuban Intelligence Report

    A military intelligence report to the Government of Cuba, describing the US use of ship ports in Key West, the naval base in Guantanamo and the night fly-overs to Panama.

  • March 19, 1961

    Development of Relations with Socialist Countries since March 19, 1961

    Report on meetings by the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic (GPRA) with heads of state of socialist countries.The Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia both pledge support and provided supplies to assist the GPRA.

  • March 19, 1961

    Annex #1 to 'Development of Relations with Socialist Countries since March 19, 1961'

    Recommendation that the GPRA closely monitor China's potential admission to the United Nations. Recognizes that the USSR's efforts to get China recognized by the UN, if successful, could lead to the normalization of Chinese-French relations, and withdrawal of Chinese support for Algerian struggle; advises Algeria to quickly create a diplomatic relationship with China to make this withdrawal more difficult.

  • March 19, 1961

    Annex #2 to 'Development of Relations with Socialist Countries since March 19, 1961'

    Report describing an upcoming Algerian governmental delegation visit to Beijing - with a planned stop in Moscow - as an opportunity for Algeria to seek support from Chinese and Soviet leaders in its struggle with France. Specifically mentions, among political goals, that the delegation should ask the Chinese and Russian governments to push for the governments of East Germany and Albania to officially recognize the GPRA.

  • March 19, 1961

    Report attached to 'Development of Relations with Socialist Countries since March 19, 1961'

    Report gauging Algeria's political possibilities among Eastern Bloc countries, with the exclusion of Yugoslavia. Begins with a summary of Marxist positions on national and colonial issues, followed by a detailed history, from 1922-1961, tracing the development of communist attitudes and policies toward the question of Algerian independence. Concludes with a comprehensive analysis of the contemporary (1961) status of international relations between GPRA and several blocs of socialist countries.

  • March 22, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 21 February 1961'

    At a screening of the film "Two Hours in the USSR," Kudryavtsev informs Fidel Castro that after analyzing the remnants of the US rockets handed over to the Soviets by the Cubans, Soviet scientists have determined that Soviet rocket technology is superior to that of the Us.

  • March 22, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryaytsev, ‘Record of Conversation with the Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, Fidel Castro, 3 March 1961’

    Kudryavtsev and Fidel Castro discuss Cuba's domestic political situation and the threat of a US supported invasion of Cuba by external counterrevolutionaries.

  • March 22, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryaytsev, ‘Record of Conversation with Minister of Foreign Affairs Raul Roa, 24 February 1961’

    Raul Roa discusses Cuba's response to the murder of Patrice Lumumba and events in the Congo. Roa states that Cuba will be sending notes on foreign policy to Latin American governments in an attempt to counter US diplomacy against Cuba and assert its status in the OAS and Latin America.

  • March 22, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryaytsev, ‘Record of Conversation with the Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, Fidel Castro, 25 February 1961’

    Fidel Castro endorses Khrushchev's reaction to events in the Congo and agrees to support the Soviet Union in seeking to reorganize the structure of the UN. Castro discusses the presence of counterrevolutionaries aided by the United States in Escambray.

  • March 22, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryaytsev, ‘Record of Conversation with the Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, Fidel Castro, 12 March 1961’

    Fidel Castro discusses Cuban foreign relations with Latin American states and addresses the state of Cuba's internal counterrevolutionaries and US support thereof.

  • March 22, 1961

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'American attitude toward NATO - German opinions'

    Letter expressing Germany’s opinion that the defense of Europe is impossible without using nuclear weapons as an intimidation tactic and horror at the United States’ suggestion that Europe can defend itself with conventional weapons alone. Defense of Germany should be NATO’s top priority because if Germany falls, the rest of Europe falls. The letter also references NATO’s difficulty in developing a cohesive strategy because each country is too concerned with protecting its own territories and assets.

  • March 25, 1961

    Cable from He Wei, 'Comrade Nguyễn Chí Thanh Talked about the Situation in Laos with Me and the Soviet Ambassador'

    He Wei reports on Nguyễn Chí Thanh's remarks that "the war in Laos develops quite well."

  • March 28, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'Dimona Reactor'

    Assistant Secretary Lewis Jones asks again about arranging a US visit to the Dimona nuclear facility.

  • March 28, 1961

    Telegram from the Hungarian Embassy in Pyongyang, 'Convocation of the Korean Workers’ Party’s 4th Congress'

    A report on the convocation of the Korean Worker's Party's 4th Congress and a statement made by Park Jeong-guk, the leader of the Central Committee Foreign Division.

  • March 28, 1961

    Summary of the Conversation between Comrade Peng Zhen and Romanian Ambassador in China Barbu Zaharescu

    Peng Zhen and Barbu Zaharescu discuss China's "great famine."

  • March 29, 1961

    Memorandum of Conversation, Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai Receives Soviet Ambassador to China Stepan Chervonenko

    Chervonenko informed Zhou Enlai of the Indian invitation and the Soviet Union's decision to send its delegation to the Indian Communist Party's Sixth Congress

  • March 29, 1961

    Memorandum of Conversation: Premier Zhou Enlai Receives Soviet Ambassador to China Stepan Chervonenko

    Ambassador Chervoenko and Zhou Enlai have a brief conversation about the Indian Communist Party's 6th Congress.

  • March 30, 1961

    Memorandum from Secretary Rusk to President Kennedy, 'Dimona Reactor in Israel'

    Rusk updates the President on US requests to Israel to visit the Dimona reactor, and provides a related chronology.

  • March 31, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Estimates Regarding the Development of South Korea’s Current Situation'

    A Chinese analysis of the protest movements in South Korea.