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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • June 21, 1960

    Polish Diplomat's Notes on Situation in the Far East

    A review of South Korea's 1961 April Revolution.

  • June 21, 1960

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with a Japanese Literary Delegation

    Mao and visitors from Japan discuss their common struggle against American imperialism. While Mao notes that China once fought against Japanese imperialism, he emphasizes that they are now targeting the US and Chiang Kai-shek. He promises to have China support and learn from Japan.

  • June 23, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 June 1960

    A.M. Puzanov visited the Czechoslovak Ambassador to share recent information on Kim Il Sung's visit to Moscow.

  • June 25, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 25 June 1960

    Kim Il Sung gathers senior North Korean officials to inform them of the results of his visit to Moscow, and vehemently criticizes Mao Zedong.

  • June 27, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 27 June 1960

    Liri Belishova shared her impressions of the DPRK, praising its progress on economic development and socialistic development.

  • June 27, 1960

    Referral to the Central Inspection

  • June 27, 1960

    Information Report Sent by Lajos Karsai to Minister of Foreign Affairs Endre Sík, 'Visit of Korean Provisional Chargé d’Affaires Baek Cheongwon'

    Lajos Karsai reports on the character of protests in South Korea, labeling the protest movement as generally anti-Syngman Rhee.

  • June 27, 1960

    Memorandum of Conversation between Albanian Ambassador to the PRC Mihal Prifti and Soviet Ambassador to the PRC Stepan V. Chervonenko

    Prifti and Chervonenko discuss Chervonenko's meetings with Peng Zhen on the Sino-Indian border dispute, the decision to send a delegation to the Romanian Workers' Party Congress in Bucharest, and Peng's visit to Moscow. Prifti and Chervonenko also reviewed China's attempts to develop atomic bomb and to compete with the Soviet to be the leader of the world's workers' and communist movement, and the power struggle with the Chinese Communist Party.

  • June 28, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 28 June 1960

    A. M. Puzanov met KWP CC Presidum members and Kim Chang-nam to share his impressions of Kim Il Sung's trip to Moscow.

  • June 29, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 June-21 July 1960

    Puzanov reports Kim Il Sung's reaction to the meeting with Khrushchev, while Khrushchev addresses Kim Il Sung's request for economic assistance.

  • June 30, 1960

    Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Resolution Regarding Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with Cuba

    Resolution of the Bulgarian Communist Party to establish diplomatic relations with Cuba. A report is presented which describes current Cuban economic and trade relations with the Soviet Union, as well as Poland and Czechoslovakia.

  • July 01, 1960

    Zhang Zhiziang, 'Lessons Learned from Ten Years of Foreign Cultural Work, Future Tasks and Guidelines'

    Zhang Zhixiang of China's Committee for Foreign Cultural Relations outlines the achievements and failures of the PRC's cultural diplomacy since 1949, and gives some suggestion for future approaches.

  • July 02, 1960

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Károly Práth reports on North Korea's Seven-Year Plan, the difference in ideological views between the Chinese and Soviets, and Korea's relations with those two countries.

  • July 03, 1960

    Report by Nie Rongzhen to Mao Zedong Regarding Science and Technology (Abridged)

    Nie Rongzhen reports to Mao on scientific and technical issues and Soviet assistance and cooperation in the area of nuclear development. The Chinese were becoming frustrated by what they called the Soviet "stranglehold" on key technical data, and led to an unwanted feeling of dependence on their Soviet comrades.

  • July 05, 1960

    Report from the Charge d’Affairs of the USSR in the DPRK V. Pelishenko to the Chief of the USSR MFA Far East Department Cde. I.I. Tugarinov

    Surkov discusses the development of the machine-building industry as one of the main elements for socialist industrialization in the DPRK.

  • July 07, 1960

    Confidential Telegram from South African Department of Foreign Affairs M. I. Botha to South African Ambassador to Vienna D.B. Sole on sale of Uranium to Israel

  • July 07, 1960

    The Embassy in Ghana's Credentials Letter

  • July 11, 1960

    Letter from MAE to GA on Polaris Issue

    Note for MD Andreotti concerning deployment of Polaris on Italian ships

  • July 11, 1960

    Some Remarks by Zhou Enlai on a Report by Nie Rongzhen

    In the wake of a deepening Sino-Soviet split, Zhou Enlai explains how to manage Chinese bilateral technological and educational exchanges. Above all, Zhou emphasizes the importance of Chinese self-reliance in innovation and education as the country moves forward.

  • July 15, 1960

    CC CPSU Report, 'Measures to Vigorously Counteract Hostile Radio Propaganda Directed at the Soviet Population'

    Report from the head of the Department of Agitation and Propaganda of the Central Committee of the CPSU detailing the shortcomings of Soviet broadcast media in countering Western broadcasts. The document is noteworthy for its criticism of the poor distribution of Soviet newscasts in the Eastern part of the USSR, and acknowledgment of how Western broadcasts have filled this void. An interesting point is made on the habit of adapting Soviet-made receivers to capture Western shortwave broadcasts.