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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 18, 1960

    Mao Zedong’s Talk at the Beidaihe Central Committee Work Conference (Excerpt)

    Mao Zedong declares that, in the absence of Soviet assistance, China must rely only upon itself in its pursuit of technological modernity and socialism.

  • July 18, 1960

    Letter, Khrushchev to the Central Committee of The Socialist Unity Party of Germany, regarding Soviet Specialists in China

    Khruschev reports Chinese dissatisfaction with Soviet specialists that had been placed in China to aid in socialist economic, cultural, and military development. He notes that despite the dissatisfaction, the CCP insists that they remain in China. However, due to recent complaints by the specialists about being propagandized by the Chinese against the CPSU, the Soviet government has decided to withdraw the specialists from China.

  • July 18, 1960

    Note, the Soviet Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China

    The Soviet Embassy reports that in response to Chinese dissatisfaction with Soviet experts, as well as Chinese disrespectful behavior towards the Soviets, the Embassy is recalling all Soviet experts and advisors from the country.

  • July 19, 1960

    Confidential Telegram from South African Ambassador in Vienna D.B. Sole to South African Department of Foreign Affairs Official M.I. Botha on sale of Uranium to Israel.

    The South African Ambassador in Vienna Donald B. Sole responds to a message concerning the Israeli interest in purchasing uranium from South Africa. He does not think that the Israeli Minister's statement that Israeli would obey IAEA safeguards "should be taken seriously" and thus he does not believe it would be in South Africa's best interest to complete the sale.

  • July 19, 1960

    CPSU CC Decree of the Secretariat Protocol Nº 158 § 6 Measures to Vigorously Counteract Hostile Radio Propaganda

    A Central Committee decree on measures to counter "hostile radio propaganda" by increasing broadcasts of Soviet radio programs.

  • July 20, 1960

    Letter from South African Ambassador A.G. Dunn to South African Department for Foreign Affairs Official M.I. Botha on the Sale of Uranium to Israel

    South African Ambassador to the United States A.G. Dunn states that the United States would not approve of South Africa selling uranium to Israel even if the contract specified that they would obey IAEA safeguards once they were implemented worldwide.

  • July 21, 1960

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth analyzes progress related to North Korea's "communist universities" and the training of cadres specifically for Korean reunification.

  • July 21, 1960

    Letter from South African Department for Foreign Affairs Official M.I. Botha on Sale of Uranium to Israel (excerpt)

  • July 21, 1960

    Report by Ustinov on the Alleged US Ability to Disrupt Soviet Missile Guidance

    Ustinov analyzes reports that American scientists have developed a method for disrupting the guidance systems on Soviet missiles and concludes that this is not possible.

  • July 22, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 July 1960

    A.M. Puzanov and Pak Geum-cheol discuss the Soviet-Korean Friendship Society, and Kim Il briefly introduces the current agricultural situation in North Korea.

  • July 23, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 July 1960

    Kim Il Sung invites A.M. Puzanov to Chanson on the Yalu River.

  • July 24, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24 July 1960

    Kim Il Sung proposes that a letter be sent to South Korean authorities suggesting the establishment of a Korean Federation.

  • July 24, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24-26 July 1960

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss Soviet-DPRK relations, a the proposed visit by Khrushchev to Korea, Sino-Soviet relations, the economic situation in North Korea, and North Korea's views on recent events in South Korea.

  • July 25, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 25 July 1960

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss the events in South Korea and the establishment of a Central Bureau for South Korean Issues in the DPRK.

  • July 26, 1960

    Record of Conversation between the Czech Ambassador in the DPRK with the Soviet Ambassador

    A report on a meeting between Kim Il Sung and Nikita Khrushchev in which the two discussed Soviet aid to North Korea and the trilateral relations between China, the Soviet Union, and North Korea.

  • July 28, 1960

    Letter from a Former Informer

  • July 28, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 28 July 1960

    Kim Do-man and A.M. Puzanov discuss the program of Khrushchev's planned visit to North Korea.

  • July 30, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 30 July 1960

    Puzanov and Pak Geum-cheol exchange their opinions on the Soviet-North Korean relationship, Soviet economic aid toward North Korea, and North Korea's policies toward South Korea.

  • July 31, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 31 July 1960

    In a conversation with Puzanov, Pang Hak-se expresses gratitude for the enormous aid from the Soviet Government, reports a small sea engagement with the South Korea, explains aftermath of Kim Il Sung’s visit to Moscow, and distinguish Pro-china faction members within the North Korea political community.

  • August 01, 1960

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth emphasizes the difficulties experienced by repatriated Koreans from Japan.