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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 28, 1962

    Letter from Dutch Embassy, Havana (Boissevain), 28 November 1962

    Boissevain writes to the Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs on the status of the Soviet missiles in Cuba. There are reports of hidden missiles within Cuba, buried in underground fortifications by the Soviets. He attaches confidential information that details the locations and means of concealment of these missiles.

  • November 28, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Havana, Conversation with Cuban Vice President Carlos Rafael Rodrigue

    Summary of comments made by Cuban Vice President Carlos Rafael Rodriguez on the Cuban Missile Crisis. Rodriguez criticizes the Soviet Union's decision to withdraw its missiles, questioning the Soviet commitment to the defense of Cuba.

  • November 29, 1962

    Czechoslovak Ambassador to the United States (Dr. Miloslav Ruzek), Report on Anastas Mikoyan’s Conversations in Washington

    The report details Mikoyan's talks with President John F. Kennedy in Washington D.C. Among the topics of discussion were questions of hemispheres of influence, whether the Soviet Union promoted a revolution against the USA in Cuba, and whether Castro was made an enemy of the USA or was one from the beginning. Conduct of both nations with regards to the Cuban question is discussed at length, ranging from whether U.S. was correct in acting against a perceived threat to security, the conduct of the Cuban people, the extent of Soviet involvement in Cuba, and what military hardware would be left in Cuba after the removal of the nuclear missile bases.

  • November 29, 1962

    Hungarian Embassy in Havana (Beck), Report on Soviet-Cuban Divergence

    Hungarian Ambassador to Cuba János Beck reports on the Soviet-Cuban divergence after the resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Provided with information by the Polish ambassador, Beck believes that the Cubans and Soviets had a strategic plan in placing missiles in Cuba, but the US reaction was more drastic than expected. Beck summarized facts about the crisis from 27-28 October and explains that the Cubans feel betrayed by the Soviet Union and their negotiations with the US.

  • November 30, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Huang Zhen and Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk'

    The Chinese Embassy forwards the minutes of a conversation between Huang Zhen and Norodom Sihanouk.

  • November 30, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Washington (Drozniak), 30 November 1962

    Drozniak reports on a conversation he had with Mikoyan about some diplomatic actions during the Cuban Missile Crisis between the Soviet Union, the United States and Cuba.

  • November 30, 1962

    Hungarian Embassy in Havana (Beck), Report on Cuban–Soviet Divergence

    Hungarian Ambassador to Cuba János Beck reports on Cuban-Soviet divergence after the Cuban Missile Crisis. Cuba’s divergence includes other socialist countries, while preserving a special relationship with Czechoslovakia. Beck offers criticism of Cuba’s leadership, politics, and independent stance, but along with the Soviet Union reinforces that Cuba is true to the revolution.

  • November 30, 1962

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Huang Zhen and Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk

    Huang Zhen and Sihanouk discus the Sino-Indian dispute, an international conference on Cambodian neutrality and territorial integrity and the boundary issue between Cambodia and Thailand and South Vietnam

  • November 30, 1962

    A.I. Mikoyan, Memorandum of Conversation with Robert Kennedy

    A meeting in which Mikoyan recounts a dinner in which American officials and Soviet officials discuss the future of Soviet-American relations.

  • November 30, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'Memorandum of Conversation between Ambassador Shen and Foreign Minister Raúl'

    A diplomatic meeting between Shen Jian, China’s Ambassador to Cuba, and Raúl Roa Garcia, Cuba’s Foreign Minister.

  • December 01, 1962

    Order Number 1 of the Commander of the Recolutionary Armed Forces of Cuba

    Order number 1 of the Commander of the Revolutionary Armed Forces in 1962. This document is about combat, preparedness, and organization within the various units of the Armed Forces.

  • December, 1962

    Ivan Budinov, Minister of Foreign Trade, Report to Todor Zhivkov, Chairman of the Council of Ministers, Report on Granting a Credit to Cuba

    In December 1962 Minister of Foreign Trade Ivan Budinov reported to Bulgarian Prime Minister Todor Zhivkov that Bulgaria's 1963 export plan will include the sale of munitions on credit to Cuba. Budinov notes that both the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia are extending similar credits to the Cuban military. Budinov's report includes the amount of expected sales, proposed credit to extended, and a list of prospective munitions for sale. Budinov asks the Council of Ministers' to approve of the proposal.

  • December 01, 1962

    The Italian Foreign Ministry assesses the causes and consequences of the crisis (December 1962) [From a background paper prepared for the Italian Delegation at the December 1962 meeting of the North Atlantic Council]

    An assessment by the Italian Foreign Ministry of the Cuban Missile Crisis - the international situation, the events that transpired and the lessons that can be learned from them.

  • December 01, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between Ernesto 'Che' Guevara and Chinese Ambassador Shen Jian, Havana

    Ernesto “Che” Guevara and Chinese Ambassador Shen Jian discussing the outcome of the Cuban Revolution, especially in terms of how it reflected US-Soviet relations.

  • December 02, 1962

    Letter from Ambassador Carlos Lechuga

    Letter from Ambassador Carlos Lechuga to Raul Roa, and note translated from President Osraldo Dorticos. Interview of Mikoyan with Kennedy. Interview with Mikoyan and Dean Rusk.

  • December 02, 1962

    Confidential Memo from Cuban Mission to the United Nations Concerning Anastas Mikoyan’s Conversations with US President John F. Kennedy (and Secretary of State Dean Rusk), with cover note from Cuban President Dorticos to Foreign Minister Roa

    A report from the Cuban Mission to the UN concerning a conversation with Anastas Mikoyan and US President John F. Kennedy and Secretary of State Dean Rusk. The three are mostly focused on discussing US-Latin American diplomatic relations, and concerns over American military presence in Latin America, specifically the US fly-overs. Kennedy continues to reiterate the US's position on 'no US invasion of Cuba.'

  • December 03, 1962

    Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Presidium Protocol 71

    Protocol 71 gives details to the immediate fallout of the Cuban Missile Crisis from the Soviet perspective. Thanks to Castro’s so-called Armageddon letter and his five points, by December 1962 (date of this protocol), Khrushchev was calling the Cubans “unreliable allies.”

  • December 03, 1962

    Hungarian Embassy in Havana (Beck), Report on Anastas Mikoyan’s meeting with socialist ambassadors

    Hungarian Ambassador to Cuba János Beck reports on a cocktail party at the Soviet embassy and his discussions with Anastas Mikoyan and other socialist ambassadors. The socialist ambassadors did not meet with Soviet leaders during the Cuban Missile Crisis and were not informed of developments. Beck adds that discussions at the reception did not elaborate beyond published news reports. In one instance, Beck notes that Mikoyan ignored questions about the Cuban public’s criticism of the Soviet handling of the crisis.

  • December 04, 1962

    Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Document Notification on the Situation of Cuba’s Anti-American Struggle

    The Chinese Central Committee discusses their reactions to the Cuban Missile Crisis and the actions during that event of both the United States and the Soviet Union.

  • December 05, 1962

    Hungarian Legation in Washington (Radványi), Report on Mikoyan’s Visit to Washington

    Hungarian Chargé d’Affaires János Radványi reports on Anastas Mikoyan’s visit to Washington, DC. After a brief description of Mikoyan’s Washington itinerary, the report is divided into three sections: Mikoyan’s impressions of his meetings with American officials, meetings in Cuba with Cuban officials, and meetings about different socialist countries (e.g. China, Hungary). Primary subjects discussed include the presence of missiles in Cuba, nuclear proliferation and Latin America as a nuclear free region, missile bases, and the Berlin issue.