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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 26, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'U.S.-Israeli Relations - The Dimona Reactor'

    Assistant Secretary G. Lewish Jones reports on a conversation with Teddy Kollek about arranging a US visit to Dimona.

  • February 27, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'New Developments in the South Korean People’s Struggle'

    The Chinese Embassy in North Korea describes the South Korean movements for the reunification of the Korean Peninsula.

  • March 01, 1961

    Report, Embassy of the Hungarian People’s Republic in the DPRK to the Foreign Ministry of Hungary

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth reports on the changing position of the Korean Workers' Party between the Soviet Union and China.

  • March 01, 1961

    Transcript of Conversation between Deputy Premier Chen Yi and Romanian Ambassador to China Barbu Zaharescu

    Chen Yi and Ambassador Zaharescu discuss the unity of the socialist bloc.

  • March 03, 1961

    Memorandum by Secretary Rusk to President Kennedy, 'Israeli Reactor'

    Rusk summarizes a meeting between Assistant Secretary Lewis Jones and Teddy Kollek for the president.

  • March 04, 1961

    Bulgarian Embassy, Havana (Michev), Information Regarding the Reorganization of the Cuban Government

    Bulgaria’s Ambassador to Cuba Konstantin Michev reports on the reorganization of Cuba’s revolutionary government. In the report Michev notes that the government is realigning itself with the intent to become socialist, though not publicizing it. The realignment includes the creation of ministries and committees to oversee the transition and affairs of the country. Fidel Castro, Raul Castro, and Ernesto Guevara are assigned key posts to manage the transition. Through the help of socialist countries, Cuba is developing independent of USA, which previously hampered Cuba’s growth and development. Michev also notes that the Cuban government is prepared to defend itself against counter-revolution and US intervention into Cuban affairs.

  • March 04, 1961

    Cable from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Chairman Mao's Conversation with Cuban Women's Delegation and Ecuadorian Cultural Delegation'

    The Cuban women's and Ecuador cultural delegations questioned Mao Zedong's opinions on distinguishing the different categories of revolutions, such as the People's Revolution and Colonial Revolution; different approaches of revolutions, such as the Cuban Revolution versus Latin American revolution; and how to protect physical cultural resources.

  • March 06, 1961

    Protocol on the joint negotiations of the Czechoslovak Interior Ministry delegation and the delegation of KGB border troops

    The Czechoslovak and Soviet delegations discussed the fulfillment of the 1958 joint proceedings on Soviet border troops, further coordination of the border organs of both parties, the relay of technical equipment at the border and joint actions for border searches. Also on the agenda was the easing of border passage in times of emergency for citizens of both states.

  • March 07, 1961

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China Proposes to Have Premier Zhou Enlai Invite Souvanna Phouma to Again Visit China

  • March 08, 1961

    Note Assessing Italian Strategic Vulnerability

    Evaluation of vulnerability to Soviet aggression due to Italy’s geographic location (the middle of the Mediterranean Ocean) and political position (mostly communist). Reporting on the decision to increase nuclear weapons as well as bolster the air force in order to protect Italy and surrounding Mediterranean countries, which becomes essential considering the Soviet Union has made open threats directed at Europe and NATO.

  • March 09, 1961

    Information Memorandum, Zhou Enlai's Comments

    Zhou Enlai informed the titulars and charges d'affaires of the socialist countries about Chinese internal situation and the state of affairs created after the 9th Plenum. He appealed that socialist countries should have faith in the socialist structure and not allow the temporary difficulties to give rise to misunderstandings.

  • March 10, 1961

    Letter from M. Pervukhin to V.V. Kuznetsov about the GDR disapproving of Czechoslovakia and Romania developing relations with West Berlin

    Ambassador Pervukhin reports that the GDR disapproves of Czechoslovakia and Romania's attempts to establish ties with West Berlin.

  • March 13, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'Dimona Reactor'

    Ambassador Harman says there is no news about arranging a US visit to Dimona.

  • March 14, 1961

    Report, Embassy of the GDR in the DPRK to the Foreign Policy and International Department of the Socialist Unity Party, GDR

    A report from the GDR Embassy in the DPRK on the impact on the DPRK of Chinese interpretations of socialist theory, the negative impacts of Kim Il Sung's personality cult, and the status of repatriation of Koreans in Japan.

  • March 15, 1961

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'American attitude toward NATO - President Kennedy's declarations'

    Letter from the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs analyzing President Kennedy’s State of the Union Address. Despite stating his commitment to cooperating with NATO, the minister suspects that Kennedy has other priorities. The letter suggests that if the Kennedy expresses hesitancy in creating a nuclear force, European nations including Italy will move forward with or without American support.

  • March 16, 1961

    Report, Embassy of the Hungarian People’s Republic in the DPRK to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary

    A report by Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth on a conversation he held with Soviet Ambassador Puzanov. Topics of discussions included the postponement of Nikita Khruschev to Pyongyang and the problem of international recognition of South Korea.

  • March 16, 1961

    Chinese Policy toward the DPRK and Behavior of the Chinese Ambassador in Pyongyang

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth reports on friction between China and North Korea and describes several instances of discourteous behavior between the two parties.

  • March 17, 1961

    Cuban Intelligence Report

    A military intelligence report to the Government of Cuba, describing the US use of ship ports in Key West, the naval base in Guantanamo and the night fly-overs to Panama.

  • March 19, 1961

    Development of Relations with Socialist Countries since March 19, 1961

    Report on meetings by the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic (GPRA) with heads of state of socialist countries.The Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia both pledge support and provided supplies to assist the GPRA.

  • March 19, 1961

    Annex #1 to 'Development of Relations with Socialist Countries since March 19, 1961'

    Recommendation that the GPRA closely monitor China's potential admission to the United Nations. Recognizes that the USSR's efforts to get China recognized by the UN, if successful, could lead to the normalization of Chinese-French relations, and withdrawal of Chinese support for Algerian struggle; advises Algeria to quickly create a diplomatic relationship with China to make this withdrawal more difficult.