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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 14, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘The Situation of the Talks with the Chairman of the Vietnamese Student Association’

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports that Vietnamese students are indignant at the position of the Soviet Union toward the anti-American protests held by Vietnamese and Chinese in early March.

  • March 15, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria, 'Bulgaria’s New Direction after the Meeting in March'

    The Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria reports that Bulgaria is following the "anti-Chinese" line of the Soviet Union.

  • March 16, 1965

    Vice Premier Lu Dingyi Receives Five Members of a Friendship Delegation from the Syrian Arab Republic including Culture and National Guidance Minister Sulaiman al-Keiche

  • March 18, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Higher Education, ‘On the Problem of Internships for Students Studying Abroad'

    The Chinese Embassy reports that internships for Chinese students in the Soviet Union are being cut short in the aftermath of the protests in front of the American embassy in Moscow.

  • March 20, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Cuban Defense Minister Raúl Castro and Polish Leader Władysław Gomułka, Warsaw, 20 March 1965

    During his visit in Poland, Castro relates Cuba's position on a conversation taken place in Moscow and why it may be of interest to the Cubans. Gomulka raises the issue of the missiles. In Gomulka's opinion two factors were decisive: contradictions which arose within the socialist camp and the policy which was conducted by Khrushchev. Gomulka is assured that US is capable of conducting a war with Cuba by way of conventional weapons, it does not have to use nuclear weapons. It is clear that the socialist camp and the USSR cannot defend Cuba in any other way but by using nuclear weapons. If a conflict is meant to be, then it will be a nuclear conflict, there is no other way. Gomulka further raises a question whether to go into a nuclear war or not. Castro disagrees with a manner nuclear weapons were withdrawn from Cuba by Soviets. Khruchshev explained that he did not have time. Per Gomulka, Khrushchev conducted a policy which was not thought-out and which was all-out. Gomulka further discusses his talks with Chinese and Vietnamese comrades re: nuclear weapons issue.

  • March 22, 1965

    Conversation between Raul Castro Ruz, and a member of the Polish Politburo, Cde. Zenon Kliszko

    During a trip from Orneta to Katowice, Raul Castro and Zenon Kliszko had conversation on the following topics: (1) assessment of the position of the Italian Communist Party, (2)assessment of the position of the Romanian Workers’ Party, (3) the UPSR and other Communist Parties in Asia, and (4) the Matter of a Former Member of the National Leadership UPSR – J. Ordoqui. For the Polish side, the program of the Italian Communist Party is not clear, particularly with regard to the question of establishing a uniform workers’ party.

  • March 23, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘On the Problem of Chinese Student Internships with the Mendeleev Russian University of Chemistry and Technology’

    The Chinese Embassy reports on new pressure placed on Chinese students at colleges in the Soviet Union.

  • March 23, 1965

    Mao Zedong, 'We Hope the Arab Countries Will Unite'

  • March 25, 1965

    Conversation between Raul Castro Ruz, and a Member of the Polish Politburo, Zenon Kliszko

    The conversation between Castro and Gomulka took place on the initiative of Castro. Parties discussed the following topics: (1) relations between the UPSR and the PUWP, (2) the issue of the legalization of the Cuban Revolution, (3) the Situation in Vietnam, (4) Cuba and the Current Situation in Latin America, (5) the position of the PUWP with regard to the conference of 81 parties, and (6) the attitude of the socialist camp towards Cuba.

  • March 26, 1965

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Raul Castro Meeting in Sofia

    Zhivkov lays out his perspective on the place of Bulgaria within the Communist Camp. He also talks about the Balkans and the rift between Bulgaria and Romania. Both leaders discuss the Chinese accusations of Soviet Revisionism. Raul Castro talks about the strength of the communist movements in Latin America and the prospects for successful social revolutions in Venezuela, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay, and Brazil.

  • March 26, 1965

    Record of a Conversation between Representatives of the USSR Committee of State Security and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic Concerning Questions of the Cooperation of the Covert Inspection of Mail Services

    The CSSR and the USSR intelligence services agree to share information regarding suspicious mail correspondence.

  • March 26, 1965

    Minutes of a Conversation Between the RCP Leadership led by Nicolae Ceausescu and the CCP Leadership Led by Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai, Maurer, and Ceausescu discuss US military engagement in South Vietnam and USSR's response.

  • March 27, 1965

    Resolution of the Party Central Committee on the Immediate Situation and Urgent Responsibilities

    Resolution by the Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee on the Vietnam War and the related "diplomatic struggle."

  • March 27, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, ‘Regarding the Situation of Strengthening Controls on Chinese Graduate Students in the Soviet Union following the March 4th Incident'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow claims that Chinese students are facing harassment from their schools in the Soviet Union.

  • March 30, 1965

    Excerpt from a Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Algerian President Ben Bella

    In Algeria, Enlai describes the unfavorable tactics (military and negotiating) employed by the US in South Vietnam.

  • March 30, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Delegation in Algeria to the Foreign Ministry, 'Main Points of Conversation with Ben Bella '

    Ben Bella shares his views on the revolutionary situation in Africa, particularly developments in the Congo.

  • March 31, 1965

    Record of the Second Meeting between Premier Zhou and President Ben Bella

    Ben Bella and Zhou Enlai discuss a range of issues, including the Vietnam War, the Sino-Soviet split, the Second Asian-African Conference, China's status at the UN, Algerian foreign policy, and developments in the Congo and elsewhere in Africa.

  • April 02, 1965

    Report on the Incident involving the Cuban Ambassador and the Delegation of Physicians from Cuba while in North Korea

    A report on an incident involving the Cuban Ambassador and the delegation of physicians from Cuba while in North Korea.

  • April 02, 1965

    Excerpt from a Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Pakistani President Ayub Khan

    Zhou Enlai addresses African and European concerns relating to the war in South Vietnam. He attempts to answer the questions of: the possibility of the war’s worldwide expansion, China’s role and the possibility of negotiation.

  • April 02, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Pakistan's Foreign Minister Bhutto

    Zhou and Bhutto discuss the Second Asian-African Conference, as well as the potential for a rapprochement between China and the Philippines.