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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 05, 1963

    Bulgarian Consulate, Istanbul (Karadimov), Cable to Foreign Ministry

    Bulgaria's General Consul in Istanbul, Turkey, reported to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs information he received from the Chief of the Greek General Staff to Turkey. As recorded, the Greek General Staff reported a meeting between Turkish and Greek governments. The governments discussed a non-aggression pact between Warsaw Pact and NATO countries and the use of Polaris missile submarines in Turkish waters.

  • August 08, 1963

    Instructions from the CCP Central Committee on Handling the Issue of Ethnic Koreans in the Northeast Going to Korea

    The CCP Central Committee emphasizes the CCP's solidarity with the Korean Workers' Party and instructs Provincial Committees to quickly approve requests for ethnic Koreans to travel to North Korea.

  • August 08, 1963

    Statement [from Mao Zedong] Appealing the People of the World to Unite against the Racial Discrimination of American Imperialism [and to] Support Black Americans' Opposition of Racism

    At the request of Robert F. Williams, a former NAACP leader who fled to Cuba, Mao condemns racism against black Americans in the United States. He discusses several notable events in the American civil rights movement, from the Little Rock Crisis of 1957 to the then-upcoming March on Washington, and calls on "enlightened people of all races around the world" to support the struggle of black Americans.

  • August 12, 1963

    Gratitude from the Mufti of Tunis

  • August 12, 1963

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai, Vice Premier Chen Yi, and Pakistani Ambassador Raza

    Zhou Enlai, Chen Yi, and Ambassador Raza coordinate China and Pakistan's strategies toward the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. They also discuss Sino-American relations.

  • August 13, 1963

    Central Committee Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Secret Resolution Regarding Arms Supply to Cuba

    The Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party authorizes the creation of a Bulgarian delegation to negotiate a protocol on delivering “special equipment” (military arms/weapons) to Cuba in 1964. The Central Committee’s resolution includes a suggested amount of aid.

  • August 13, 1963

    Memorandum from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Report on the request of the Indian Red Cross to collect and cremate the bodies of their soldiers in accordance with Indian customs. The Chinese Red Cross agreed to carry out the cremation.

  • August 13, 1963

    Italian Communist Ugo Pecchioli, Report on Trip to Cuba

    Italian Communist, Ugo Pecchioli, reports on his trip to Cuba. He discusses: the relative international situation of Cuba; meetings with Fidel Castro; the profound divergence that exists (in his opinion) between the Chinese Communist Party and the great majority of the other communist parties; the development of the struggle for democracy and socialism in different Latin American countries; and Italian and Cuban communist party relations.

  • August 14, 1963

    Information by the Czechoslovak Foreign Ministry on the Soviet-Chinese Discussions in Moscow

    This document examines Sino-Soviet relations with a focus on a 1963 discussion forum in Moscow. The analysis reveals an ideological and political divide between the two countries. Attached is a document outlining Chinese positions on questions of Socialism and peace and on Soviet-Sino relations.

  • August 16, 1963

    Cable from Dutch Embassy, Havana (Reinink), 16 August 1963

    Reinink writes to Amsterdam on the current situation in Havana. There is positive press about the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, it's more a case of lip service to the Soviet Union than genuine enthusiasm from the Cuban Socialist Party. The "new communists" especially have strong reservations about the treaty, and have cast aspersions on Nikita Khrushchev for reaching an agreement with Washington. More than half of the party leadership share this opinion, according to Reinink. Cuba's leadership is now more falling in line with China and Mao Zedong than with the Soviet Union.

  • August 18, 1963

    Cable from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the General Department, and the General Staff Department, 'Supplementary Report on Handling the Bodies of the Indian Army along the Western Sector of the Sino-Indian Border'

    Zhou Enlai's instructions regarding the clearing of bodies of Indian personnel and possible Indian provocative actions related to this issue.

  • August 22, 1963

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and Romanian Ambassador to North Korea [M.] Bodnaras [1]

    The Romanian Ambassador in North Korea informs Soviet Ambassador Moskovsky about his recent conversation with Kim Il Sung in which Kim commented on North Korea's relations with China and the Soviet Union.

  • August 26, 1963

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and the German Ambassador

    North Korea makes inquiries into acquiring German nuclear information.

  • August 26, 1963

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report by Hungarian Ambassador in North Korea on two meetings between the Romanian Ambassador and Kim Il Sung in which the two discussed bilateral relations, trade, geological surveys in North Korea, and North Korea's relations with China and the Soviet Union.

  • August 27, 1963

    Telegram from Czech Embassy in Pyongyang to Foreign Ministry

  • August 29, 1963

    Statement [from Mao Zedong] Opposing [the Combined Efforts] of the United States and Ngô Đình Diệm to Subjugate and Massacre the People of Southern Vietnam

    Mao echoes a recent statement from Ho Chi Minh, opposing American imperialist aggression in South Vietnam. He urges revolutionaries around to support South Vietnamese [communists] in their struggle against the Americans and Ngo Dinh Diem. (Note: Originally published in the People's Daily on August 30, 1963.)

  • August 29, 1963

    Hungarian Embassy in Sofia, Report on Bulgarian-Cuban Relations

    Hungarian Ambassador to Bulgaria Karoly Prath summarizes developments on Bulgarian-Cuban relations gathered from Hungarian-Bulgarian diplomatic contacts. Bulgarian-Cuban relations were not adversely effected by the Cuban Missile Crisis. The relationship is dominated by economic development (e.g. the expansion of trade, specialist exchanges, Bulgarian loans to Cuba, the root causes of Cuba's economic difficulties). Prath also discusses Bulgarian concerns over the influence of China on Cuba.

  • August 30, 1963

    Secret Telegram from Maneli (Saigon) to Spasowski (Warsaw) [Ciphergram No. 11266]

    Cable from Polish official in Saigon, Maneli, to Warsaw, that he has been invited to talk by Ngo Dinh Nhu, a meeting that Soviet ambassador Tovmassian recommends he attend.

  • August 30, 1963

    Meeting of the Political Bureau of the Romanian Workers Party (Excerpts)

    The Romanian Politburo discusses Soviet networks operating covertly on their territory and Khrushchev’s reaction when confronted over this issue. The Politburo intends to shut down those networks and reclaim the Romanian agents working in them.

  • September, 1963

    Mao Zedong, 'There Are Two Intermediate Zones'

    Mao Zedong begins to espouse his theory of the “Two Intermediate Zones,” with Asia, Africa, and Latin America constituting the first, and Europe and North America constituting the second.