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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • August 12, 1963

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai, Vice Premier Chen Yi, and Pakistani Ambassador Raza

    Zhou Enlai, Chen Yi, and Ambassador Raza coordinate China and Pakistan's strategies toward the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. They also discuss Sino-American relations.

  • August 13, 1963

    Central Committee Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Secret Resolution Regarding Arms Supply to Cuba

    The Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party authorizes the creation of a Bulgarian delegation to negotiate a protocol on delivering “special equipment” (military arms/weapons) to Cuba in 1964. The Central Committee’s resolution includes a suggested amount of aid.

  • August 13, 1963

    Memorandum from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Report on the request of the Indian Red Cross to collect and cremate the bodies of their soldiers in accordance with Indian customs. The Chinese Red Cross agreed to carry out the cremation.

  • August 13, 1963

    Italian Communist Ugo Pecchioli, Report on Trip to Cuba

    Italian Communist, Ugo Pecchioli, reports on his trip to Cuba. He discusses: the relative international situation of Cuba; meetings with Fidel Castro; the profound divergence that exists (in his opinion) between the Chinese Communist Party and the great majority of the other communist parties; the development of the struggle for democracy and socialism in different Latin American countries; and Italian and Cuban communist party relations.

  • August 14, 1963

    Information by the Czechoslovak Foreign Ministry on the Soviet-Chinese Discussions in Moscow

    This document examines Sino-Soviet relations with a focus on a 1963 discussion forum in Moscow. The analysis reveals an ideological and political divide between the two countries. Attached is a document outlining Chinese positions on questions of Socialism and peace and on Soviet-Sino relations.

  • August 16, 1963

    Cable from Dutch Embassy, Havana (Reinink), 16 August 1963

    Reinink writes to Amsterdam on the current situation in Havana. There is positive press about the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, it's more a case of lip service to the Soviet Union than genuine enthusiasm from the Cuban Socialist Party. The "new communists" especially have strong reservations about the treaty, and have cast aspersions on Nikita Khrushchev for reaching an agreement with Washington. More than half of the party leadership share this opinion, according to Reinink. Cuba's leadership is now more falling in line with China and Mao Zedong than with the Soviet Union.

  • August 18, 1963

    Cable from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the General Department, and the General Staff Department, 'Supplementary Report on Handling the Bodies of the Indian Army along the Western Sector of the Sino-Indian Border'

    Zhou Enlai's instructions regarding the clearing of bodies of Indian personnel and possible Indian provocative actions related to this issue.

  • August 22, 1963

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and Romanian Ambassador to North Korea [M.] Bodnaras [1]

    The Romanian Ambassador in North Korea informs Soviet Ambassador Moskovsky about his recent conversation with Kim Il Sung in which Kim commented on North Korea's relations with China and the Soviet Union.

  • August 26, 1963

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and the German Ambassador

    North Korea makes inquiries into acquiring German nuclear information.

  • August 26, 1963

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report by Hungarian Ambassador in North Korea on two meetings between the Romanian Ambassador and Kim Il Sung in which the two discussed bilateral relations, trade, geological surveys in North Korea, and North Korea's relations with China and the Soviet Union.

  • August 27, 1963

    Telegram from Czech Embassy in Pyongyang to Foreign Ministry

  • August 29, 1963

    Statement [from Mao Zedong] Opposing [the Combined Efforts] of the United States and Ngô Đình Diệm to Subjugate and Massacre the People of Southern Vietnam

    Mao echoes a recent statement from Ho Chi Minh, opposing American imperialist aggression in South Vietnam. He urges revolutionaries around to support South Vietnamese [communists] in their struggle against the Americans and Ngo Dinh Diem. (Note: Originally published in the People's Daily on August 30, 1963.)

  • August 29, 1963

    Hungarian Embassy in Sofia, Report on Bulgarian-Cuban Relations

    Hungarian Ambassador to Bulgaria Karoly Prath summarizes developments on Bulgarian-Cuban relations gathered from Hungarian-Bulgarian diplomatic contacts. Bulgarian-Cuban relations were not adversely effected by the Cuban Missile Crisis. The relationship is dominated by economic development (e.g. the expansion of trade, specialist exchanges, Bulgarian loans to Cuba, the root causes of Cuba's economic difficulties). Prath also discusses Bulgarian concerns over the influence of China on Cuba.

  • August 30, 1963

    Secret Telegram from Maneli (Saigon) to Spasowski (Warsaw) [Ciphergram No. 11266]

    Cable from Polish official in Saigon, Maneli, to Warsaw, that he has been invited to talk by Ngo Dinh Nhu, a meeting that Soviet ambassador Tovmassian recommends he attend.

  • August 30, 1963

    Meeting of the Political Bureau of the Romanian Workers Party (Excerpts)

    The Romanian Politburo discusses Soviet networks operating covertly on their territory and Khrushchev’s reaction when confronted over this issue. The Politburo intends to shut down those networks and reclaim the Romanian agents working in them.

  • September, 1963

    Mao Zedong, 'There Are Two Intermediate Zones'

    Mao Zedong begins to espouse his theory of the “Two Intermediate Zones,” with Asia, Africa, and Latin America constituting the first, and Europe and North America constituting the second.

  • September 02, 1963

    Secret Telegram from Maneli (Saigon) to Spasowski (Warsaw)[Ciphergram No. 11289]

    Cable from Polish official in Saigon, Maneli, notifying Warsaw that the coup d'etat against Diem and installation of the American military junta is to be executed soon. Notes the inclinations of Diem and Nhu.

  • September 04, 1963

    From the Diary of Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Vasily Moskovsky

    An entry from the diary of Soviet Ambassador Moskovsky in which he comments that the North Koreans have started avoided talking about substantive matters with him.

  • September 04, 1963

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the DPRK Kim Il

    Report from Soviet Ambassador Moskovsky on a conversation he held with Kim Il at the 15th anniversary celebration of the founding of the DPRK.

  • September 04, 1963

    Secret Telegram from Maneli (Saigon) to Spasowski (Warsaw) [Ciphergram No. 11464]

    Record of remarks by French ambassador Lalouette, sent by Polish official Maneli to Warsaw. In it, Lalouette notes that an overthrow of Diem and Phu would be bad for the possibility of peace in Vietnam. He states that leaving them in power, weakened, could lead to more useful negotiations.