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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 06, 1965

    Note, A. S. Gonsalves to Ministry of External Affairs, 'Nuclear Guarantee'

    Pakistan refutes a nuclear umbrella from the superpowers because she thought it to be inconsistent with the proposal of non-dissemination and denuclearization.

  • July 09, 1965

    Memorandum of Conversation between Secretary of State Rusk and Rusk and West German Ambassador Heinrich Knappstein, 'Nonproliferation'

    In this broad discussion, one of the topics was the report on nuclear proliferation by a presidentially-appointed committee chaired by former Deputy Secretary of Defense Roswell Gilpatric. The Gilpatric report left open a controversial issue: whether a nonproliferation policy agreement should include provisions for MLF-type arrangements or eschew them.

  • July 09, 1965

    State Department Policy Planning Staff, 'S/P Consultants Discussion of Atlantic Affairs' with Cover memorandum from Walt Rostow to Secretary of Defense McNamara

    In this meeting between members of the Policy Planning Staff's board of consultants, the participants discussed their policy preferences towards European nuclear arrangements. Recognizing “bitter” French and Soviet objections to a collective nuclear force, the consultants believed that over time it might be possible to “get both the force and the agreement.”

  • July 09, 1965

    Note on a Conversation with an Unnamed Representative of the International Department of the CPSU CC on the Situation in Vietnam [Excerpts]

    An unnamed Soviet official explains that Chinese officers and advisors in Vietnam are discouraging the use of Soviet weapons, despite the fact that they are the most modern and effective.

  • July 12, 1965

    Changes in the Leadership of the Korean Workers Party and the Government of North Korea

    Report about the improvement of North Korean relations with East Germany and the Soviet Union. A slight pejoration of North Korean-Chinese relations is also marked.

  • July 13, 1965

    Summary of Premier Zhou’s Conversation with President Nasser

    Nasser and Zhou react to Abdelaziz Bouteflika's proposal to postpone the Second Asian-African Conference.

  • July 14, 1965

    Summary of Premier Zhou's Conversation with President Nasser

    Zhou Enlai and Nasser discuss a delay in a planned foreign ministers meeting for the Second Asian-African Conference.

  • July 15, 1965

    Congratulating the Director of the Tunisian General Security Department

  • July 15, 1965

    Research Memorandum REU-25 from Thomas L. Hughes to the Secretary, 'Attitudes of Selected Countries on Accession to a Soviet Co-sponsored Draft Agreement on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

    With a nuclear nonproliferation treaty under consideration in Washington, INR considered which countries were likely to sign on and why or why not. INR analysts, mistakenly as it turned out, believed it unlikely that the Soviet Union would be a co-sponsor of a treaty in part because of the “international climate” and also because Moscow and Washington differed on whether a treaty would recognize a “group capability.”

  • July 16, 1965

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Hoang Van Hoan

    Mao Zedong advises Hoang Van Hoan to escalate without hesitation, as the war has already begun to do so.

  • July 17, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Deng Xiaoping and Head of the Korean Delegation Kim Gwang-hyeop

    Kim Gwang-hyeop, Deng Xiaoping, and Kang Shen discuss matters related to the Communist Parties of Eastern Europe, Japan, and Vietnam.

  • July 20, 1965

    Note on Conversation Between Nicolae Ceausescu, Ion Gheorghe Maurer, and the Chinese Communist Party Delegation Led by Deng Xiaoping

    This note from the dinner participated in by Nicolae Ceausescu, Ion Gheorghe Maurer, and the Chinese C.P. delegatioin at the R.C.P. 9th Congress summarizes the points discussed, including the adoption of a motion regarding the situation in Vietnam, and whether or not the conflict can be peacefully resolved.

  • July 23, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Vice-Foreign Minister Qiao Guanhua and North Korean Ambassador in China Pak Se-chang

    Qiao Guanhua and Pak Se-chang discuss the four-party meeting between China, Pakistan, Indonesia, and the United Arab Republic (Egypt), the Afro-Asian Conference, and the situation in Algeria.

  • July 24, 1965

    Transcript of the Reception of a Workers Party of Vietnam Delegation at the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party

    This document is a transcription of the conversation exchanged between Nicolae Ceausescu and Le Duc Tho regarding the reception of the Vietnamese Workers Party delegation by the Romanian Communist Party and the reluctance of the Vietnamese to engage in negotiations with the United States over the Vietnam conflict.

  • July 24, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Deng Xiaoping and Head of the Korean Delegation Kim Gwang-hyeop

    The Chinese and Korean Delegation in Bucharest exchange information about their visits in Eastern Europe, discussions with the Romanians, the situation in Yugoslavia and Albania, and the possibility of holding the Afro-Asian Conference.

  • July 26, 1965

    Stenographic Transcript of Discussions Held with Chinese Communist Party Delegation to the 9th Congress of Romanian Communist Party

    The meeting focuses on disagreements between the Chinese and Soviets regarding the Vietnam War and general support to the North Vietnamese. The two sides also discuss general relations among the Warsaw Pact countries.

  • July 29, 1965

    Reply from the Director of the Tunisian General Security Department

  • July 30, 1965

    Memorandum from Thomas L. Hughes to the Secretary, 'Recent Indonesian Statements Concerning Nuclear Weapons'

    Statements by Indonesian authorities notwithstanding, INR analysts did not “believe that Indonesia possesses the facilities, personnel and radioactive material necessary for producing an atomic device with any speed.”

  • August 03, 1965

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Circular, 'Talks Between the Ghanaian Mission and the DRV'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reports on a visit by the President of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, to North Vietnam as part of a British commonwealth initiative to mediate peace talks between the US and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The DRV rejected the Ghana overture on the grounds that it was "designed in reality to bypass the Geneva Accords to get the United States and the DRV into direct talks while countries like Ghana help the United States by pressuring the DRV." The circular then gives instructions to the Chinese embassies on how to deal with questions about the mission.

  • August 03, 1965

    Memo on Work of the Committee of the 18 on Nuclear Proliferation

    Memo by CSMD A. Rossi on the resumption of the work of the Committee of the 18 in Geneva and the issue of non-dissemination nuclear weapons: summary of technical-military observations from SMD to MD of March 1964 on US proposal for declaration on non-dissemination, analysis on nuclear power guidelines and Non-nuclear countries; draft British and Canadian agreements presented to the Atlantic Council and reactions to alliance countries, statement Foreign Minister A. Fanfani to Geneva; US project of nuclear non-dissemination treaty, MAE instructions to amb. Cavalletti