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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 28, 1977

    Fala-77 Military Exercise Maritime Front Reconnaissance Plan for an Amphibious Assault Operation

    This document summarizes the objectives of a 1977 Warsaw Pact reconnaissance military exercise intended to gather information about enemy defensive capabilities on the islands off the coast of Denmark and Norway, particularly Zealand.

  • June 28, 1977

    Military Exercise Memorandum regarding the reconnaissance plan of the Maritime Front staff

    This document provides information on the reconnaissance capabilities of the Polish Maritime Front in the case that Eastern forces engage in combat in the city of Hamburg, Germany.

  • June 29, 1977

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov and Mengistu

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov and Mengistu discussing the negative repercussions of possible conflict between Ethiopia and Somalia and the request for Soviet assistance from the Ethiopians to help with the withdrawal of Somali forces from Ethiopian territory

  • July 04, 1977

    GDR Ambassador Pyongyang to Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Berlin

    Excerpt from East German ambassador's message about the declining display of slogans and portraits of Kim Jong Il in North Korea.

  • July 07, 1977

    Telegram 066667 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang informs the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs that Pyongyang reacts strongly against US reiteration of "cross-recognition" of both Koreas in the international community.

  • July 07, 1977

    Telegram 066669 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the contents of Yang Hyeong-sop's speech on the 5th anniversary of the North-South Joing Communique of 1972. The DPRK supports complete US troop withdrawal from Korea and states its conditions for dialogue with South Korea.

  • July 08, 1977

    Telegram 066671 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Wladyslaw Wojtasik's visit to the DPRK and Kim Il Sung's comments on the DPRK's bilateral relationship with the PRP.

  • July 12, 1977

    Letter, Mostafa K. Tolba to Rafeeuddin Ahmed

    Mostafa K. Tolba reports on China's nuclear policies in anticipation of an upcoming visit by the Secretary-General to China.

  • July 13, 1977

    Conversation with Provisional Military Administrative Council (PMAC) Chairman Mengistu Haile Mariam

    Demonstrates Soviet willingness to provide good offices to Somalia and Ethiopia in normalizing their relationships in July 1977. Even as late as July, Moscow believed the conflict between the two states could be solved through peaceful means.

  • July 14, 1977

    Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Decision on Information about China after Mao

    This decision of the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) refers to specific measures to be undertaken by Bulgaria's ideological and propagandistic organs in publicly condemning Maoism as an ideology contrary to the theory and practice of Socialism and Marxism-Leninism. Among these measures are the commissioning of publications, media reports, and lectures at institutions of higher education in order to excoriate Chinese foreign policy for its attacks on the Soviet Union and the other European Socialist countries.

  • July 17, 1977

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.N. Ratanov and Cuban military official Arnaldo Ochoa

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.N. Ratanov and Cuban military official Arnaldo Ochoa concerning the situation in Ethiopia and the recent losses of objectives in Eritrea by the Ethiopians as well as possible means to strenghten the Ethiopian army

  • July 19, 1977

    Telegram 066678 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, US Helicopter Incident on July 14

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the remarkably balanced DPRK coverage of the US helicopter incident of July 14. The Romanian Embassy interprets this as a reflection of North Korea's desire to initiate dialogue with the US.

  • July 29, 1977

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov and Mengistu

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov and Mengistu regarding Soviet support for Ethiopia and the consequent strain in Soviet-Somali relations

  • July 30, 1977

    Telegram 066688 the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the DPRK's concern over US-ROK agreements and the US's insistence on maintaining military balance on the Korean peninsula through a gradual withdrawal.

  • July 31, 1977

    Telegram 066691 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs that the DPRK government does not intend to contact Cyrus Vance during his visit to Beijing.

  • August 04, 1977

    Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Meeting (excerpt)

    Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Meeting (excerpt) regarding the situation between Ethiopia and Somalia and the limited capability of the Soviet Union with regards to the situation

  • August 05, 1977

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, Memorandum of Conversation with Mengistu

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, Memorandum of Conversation with Mengistu regarding Ethiopian responses to Somali actions and the Soviet role in providing supplies to Ethiopia

  • August 06, 1977

    Notes on a Meeting held in the Great Hall of the People in Peking on Saturday 6 August 1977

    Hua Guofeng and Kurt Waldheim discuss China's domestic policies and foreign policies.

  • August 07, 1977

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, Memorandum of Conversation with Mengistu

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, memorandum of cnversation with Mengistu regarding Soviet support for Ethiopia and support from other nations for Somalia

  • August 09, 1977

    Telegram 085068 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on US-ROK relations and the DPRK's desire for bilateral exchange with the US, which the US administration is unwilling to engage in without North Korea's inclusion of South Korea in future interaction. The US State Department's perspective of the DPRK is also noted.