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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 28, 1979

    Report on the Situation in Afghanistan, Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev to CPSU CC

    The CC CPSU points to the economic 'backwardness,' small middle class, and the weakness of the PDPA as the reasons behind political instability in Afghanistan. Increasing internal support of the PDPA and strengthening the Afghan military are proposed solutions achieve stability.

  • June 28, 1979

    Draft instructions to the Soviet Ambassador in Kabul with Appeal of the CC CPSU Politburo to the CC PDPA Politburo

    Members of the CC CPSU summarize the political instability in Afghanistan, pointing to collective leadership in government and to the military as stabilizing the political situation.

  • July 05, 1979

    CPSU CC Protocol #166/31, 05 July 1979

    Concerns the struggle in Nicaragua.

  • September 16, 1979

    Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader E. Honecker

    Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader E. Honecker regarding the tensions in Afghanistan between Taraki and Amin and the ineffectiveness on Soviet pressure for greater Afghan unity

  • October 01, 1979

    Information from the CC CPSU to GDR leader Honecker

    Information from the CC CPSU to GDR leader Honecker on Amin’s overthrow of Taraki and the situation in Afghanistan

  • December 26, 1979

    Summary of a CC CPSU Meeting

    A summary of CC CPSU officials regarding the recently approved Soviet troop deployment in Afghanistan.

  • December 27, 1979

    Message to Soviet Ambassadors on the Invasion of Afghanistan, Attachment to CPSU Politburo Decree #177

    The violent actions by the DRA, led by H. Amin, to de-stabilize the Afghan government, dissolving the gains made in the April Revolution, causes the Soviet Union to place military detachments in Afghanistan.

  • December 27, 1979

    Declaration of the CC CPSU to the Party Leadership concerning the Situation in Afghanistan, Attachment to CPSU Politburo Protocol #177

    The CC CPSU states that the removal of N. M Taraki, and the rise of H. Amin to political leadership in Afghanistan bolstered counterrevolutionaries. The CC CPSU approved a small military force to stabilize the country, supporting the regional and international interests of Soviet involvement in Afghanistan. The message is sent to the Members and Candidate Members of the CC CPSU, the Members of the CPSU Central Auditing Commission, the CC of the Communist Parties Of Union Republics, Kray Committees, and Oblast Committees of the Party, The Moscow City Committee of the CPSU, the Leningrad City Committee of the CPSU, and the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army and Soviet Navy.

  • 1980

    CC CPSU Information on Chinese Foreign Policy Issues

    Discusses the joint efforts by Chinese and American leaders to promote a better relationship between these two countries, at the expense of the Soviet Union and of communism. The U.S. seems to be trying to capitalize on a growing “internal stability” in China, and the U.S. is even now selling equipment to China. The Soviet Union does not believe that this alliance will prove powerful enough to significantly impair other Socialist countries, but their alliance should also not be ignored.

  • March 10, 1980

    Evaluation of Chinese Policies toward Eastern Europe by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    This document addresses China's alleged bid to undermine the unity of the Socialist countries while maintaining special relations with Romania, Yugoslavia, and North Korea. Chinese foreign policy is seen as interfering in the domestic affairs of the Socialist states. By maintaining contacts with Western countries and by encouraging further armament of NATO, China is undermining the position of the Warsaw Pact. The Soviet evaluation assesses China as an unreliable partner in international relations and advises that all contacts of the Chinese government with foreign organizations or authorities be closely monitored.

  • May 29, 1980

    Protocol #213/39, 29 May 1980

    This protocol gives the specifics of Soviet cooperation with the Sandinistas, especially in terms of propaganda (films, photography, Marxist-Leninist literature, etc.).

  • June 25, 1980

    Extract from Protocol No. 206 of the Session of the Politburo of the CC CPSU, 'Concerning Measures with Regard to the Organization Amnesty International'

    Extract on Amnesty International and the KGB's attempts to undermine its anti-Soviet activity. The report states that Amnesty International is funded by imperialist powers, who have the intent of placing pressure on the Soviet Union to change its human rights policies.

  • September 09, 1980

    Measures Against a Discussion of a Draft Resolution Containing Points of an Anti-Soviet and Anti-Afghan Orientation at the 67th Conference of the Interparliamentary Union

    This CC CPSU document discusses the anti-Soviet and anti-Afghan movements that interfered with the establishment of an Afghani parliament.

  • November 14, 1980

    Directive from the CPSU Secretariat, 14 November 1980, Reducing Tourist Exchanges with Poland

    The CPSU CC proposes to reduce tourism between the Soviet Union and Poland, given Poland's political situation.

  • December 11, 1980

    Transcript of the CPSU Politburo Session, 11 December 1980

    The Politburo approves the results of a meeting of Warsaw Pact officials. Kania offers assurances that PZPR will be able to control the Polish crisis on its own.

  • January 14, 1981

    Directive from the CPSU Secretariat, 14 January 1981, with Supporting Cables

    CPSU gives instructions to the Communist Party of Italy on how to deal with Solidarity leader Lech Walesa's visit.

  • April 23, 1981

    CPSU CC Politburo Commission Report, 'On the Development of the Situation in Poland and Certain Steps on Our Part,' and CPSU CC-Approved Plan of'Measures to Assist the PZPR [Polish United Workers' Party]'

    Special Dossier to the CPSU CC discussing the weakening of the PZPR and the rise of Solidarity as an organized political force. Describes the leadership of Kania and Jaruzelski in the party and prescribes a method of politically weakening Solidarity by exposing and exploiting its fragments, including the extremist KOS-KOS, and stepping up propaganda that stresses the impending invasion of Soviet troops to suppress the uprising.

  • June 18, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 18 June 1981 (excerpt)

    Discussion of conversation between Brezhnev and Kania regarding the counterrevolution and other matters.

  • September 10, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 10 September 1981 (excerpt)

    The Soviet Politburo discusses dissent within Poland and the loss of power of the communist party in Poland.

  • September 17, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 17 September 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev informs the Politburo about his conversation with Cde. Kania of Poland on 11 September, 1981. He suggests applying strong pressure to Kania to put down the uprising.