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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 06, 1967

    Internal Memorandum of Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Note'

    A brief note suggests that the 12-page note sent to the Ministry by the North Korean Embassy in Prague should be returned as if never read. The 31 October 1967 North Korean note, introduced by a brief letter in English and provided both in French and in Korean, deals with U.S. imperialism and the risk of war it entails.

  • May 24, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Representative in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regarding a Conversation with a Representative of the North Korean Trade Council

    Dutch official J.J. Derksen reports on a conversation initiated by North Korean Trade Council representative Choi Jung Keun, who proposed to establish some kind of office in the Netherlands or even have a delegation visit, to which Derksen gave a non-committal reply.

  • June 05, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Embassy in Prague to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Contact with North Korea'

    The Dutch Ambassador in Prague reports on North Korean attempts to establish "official" contact with the Netherlands, as well as their interest in contacting Dutch companies.

  • June 14, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Embassy in Prague, 'Contact with North Korea'

    J.A. Erich informs the Embassy in Prague that elsewhere there have also been attempts by North Korea to establish official contact with the Netherlands.

  • August 09, 1968

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Recognition of North Korea'

    Handwritten memorandum regarding a draft message to the Dutch Permanent Representation to NATO in Brussels, suggesting that the North Korean attempts at establishing contact should be mentioned for completeness.

  • December 03, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Embassy in Moscow to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Overtures'

    The Dutch Ambassador reports on North Korean overtures such as sending propaganda and an invitation to a cocktail-laced viewing of a movie about the USS Pueblo (which was ignored). Having inquired with other NATO countries' representatives it turned out that only the Luxemburg representative received the same literature while only the Norwegian representative was invited to the cocktail party.

  • December 20, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Embassy in Moscow, 'North Korean Overtures'

    The Ministry informs the Ambassador in Moscow that elsewhere North Korean representatives have made similar overtures, none of which have been responded to in a positive manner.

  • January 10, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korea'

    Reports on a request from Dutch shipbuilding company Verolme N.V. to reconsider the Dutch standpoint regarding the establishment of a (semi-)permanent North Korean representation in the Netherlands to further commercial contacts. Verolme was told there is no reason to reconsider, also given that it was currently able to procure large orders already - two ships were to be delivered to North Korea in September. The American Embassy was confidentially informed of this.

  • May 29, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Economic Mission'

    Heldring of the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion has visited to inquire if the Ministry would object to the Council sponsoring a North Korean trade mission to the Netherlands in June. It did not, but his interlocutor did point out the government's opposition to any permanent trade mission.

  • June 24, 1969

    Dossier of (Draft) Agreements between the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion and their Japanese, Irish and North Korean Counterparts

    A cover letter from Heldring of the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion (in Dutch); the text of agreements with the Japan External Trade Organization and the Irish Export Board (in English); and a draft agreement with the Korean Committee for the Promotion of International Trade including lists of goods (in English).

  • June 26, 1969

    Draft Agreement Between the Dutch and North Korean Committee/Council for the Promotion of (International) Trade

    Draft agreement between the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion and the Korea Committee for the Promotion of International Trade.

  • June 27, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Relations with North Korea'

    The Jhr. Vegelin van Claerbergen proposes to the chief of the department to loosen the reins in relations with North Korea, both for reasons of commerce and of politics, namely engaging North Korea to allow it to become less dependent on China.

  • June 30, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Relations with North Korea'

    Memo on a visit by Heldring and Kroese, of the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion, during which a draft agreement with their North Korean counterpart was discussed. Despite some specific objections the agreement in principle was acceptable to the Ministry. (The draft is the first attachment; other materials supplied for comparison by Heldring comprise the second attachment.)

  • July 03, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Visit North Korean trade mission'

    Veraart of the Dutch company Verolme visited to report on the farewell dinner he hosted for the North Korean trade mission. The delegation stressed that a trade agreement was not sufficient and that a permanent representation should be established, which Veraart promised to keep talking to the government about.

  • July 04, 1969

    Cable from Dutch Embassy in Seoul to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regarding Conversation with South Korean Representative about North Korea

    Verkade reports that the South Korean deputy vice-minister of foreign affairs Whang summoned him to inform him that the three recent North Korean visitors to the Netherlands had supplied false information on their visa papers yet were admitted. Whang expressed his concern, given their apparent intent to establish official contact with the Netherlands; Verkade reassured him there was no change in Dutch policy.

  • August 13, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Relations with North Korea'

    Memorizes a visit by the director of Shell in the Netherlands who reported a message from his colleague in Seoul that establishment of a permanent trade representation by North Korea in the Netherlands would cause significant harm to Shell's operations in South Korea. The Ministry informed him of the talks with the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion and called the issue "entirely open".

  • September 12, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Representatives of Three Dutch companies, Regarding the Establishment of a North Korean Trade Office in the Netherlands

    Representatives from the companies CKH, VMF and Grenko visited the Ministry to plead for the establishment of a North Korean trade office. The Ministry remained of the opinion, also informed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, that economic and political relations with South Korea would be unacceptably damaged by such rapprochement with North Korea.

  • October 10, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Trade relations with North Korea'

    Recalls a conversation with Heldring of the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion, during which Heldring said he had received word from the North Koreans that they were willing to sign the proposed agreement even though they kept urging the establishment of a permanent trade mission. Heldring pointed out such a mission had recently been established in Switzerland and similar contacts were ongoing in the Scandinavian countries. The Dutch company VMF had, however, by now changed to a much more cautious position because of its South Korean interests. Heldring was putting of a reciprocal visit to North Korea until he knew the Ministry's position.

  • October 15, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Establishment of a North Korean Trade Mission in the Netherlands'

    The director-general of the Department for Foreign Economic Relations advises against the establishment of a North Korean trade mission in the Netherlands: while the volume of trade with the two Koreas is roughly equal, such a mission would do great harm to commercial interests in South Korea, particularly VMF and Shell.

  • October 17, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Trade relations with North Korea'

    The East Asia Department agrees with Foreign Economic Relations that no North Korean trade mission in the Netherlands should be established, but proposes instead that a number of representatives be allowed temporary stay to build up commercial contacts instead.