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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 25, 1956

    Maj. Witold Osinski, Reports on the Events of 19-23 October 1956

    Reports recounting Osinski's experiences with infighting between the Polish Ministry of Defense (MND), and the Stalinist Internal Security Corps (ISC). The reports also take place during the Polish October (Gomulka' Thaw). Normal font indicates that the text appears in both instances of the document. Italics indicates that the text appears only in the original, handwritten version of the document. Bold font indicates that the text appears only in the final, typed version for Gomulka.

  • November 26, 1956

    Memorandum from the Minister of Foreign Affairs [Adam Rapacki] to Minister of National Defense Marian Spychalski

    The Minister of Foreign Affairs requests the Ministry of National Defense's consideration of the Treaty on the Status of Soviet Forces Stationed in Poland prior to negotiations in Moscow.

  • December 24, 1956

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK and Comrade Samsonov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR on 20.XII.1956

    The document features a conversation between Brzezinski Henryk and comrade Samsonov. To the questions of the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK, Samsonov states his opinion on the following topics: the group from the August plenum, different groups in the leadership of the DPRK, exchange of party cards, changes in economic policies, the standard of living of the population, agricultural production, Korean unification, and the role of the intelligentsia in the DPRK.

  • January 10, 1957

    Memorandum on the Warsaw Treaty and the Development of the Armed Forces of the People's Republic of Poland

    The Polish general staff analyzes the military obligations mandated by the Warsaw Treaty and how stated obligations are not compatible with Polish policy. Proposals for revision of the military articles of the Warsaw Treaty are outlined.

  • January 11, 1957

    Notes from the Completed Discussions of 11 and 12 January 1957 between the Delegates of the Chinese People’s Republic and Poland (Excerpts)

    Gomulka describes the 1956 Polish protests and his confrontation with Soviet authorities.

  • February 14, 1957

    Note from a Conversation with the 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade Pimenov on 10 February 1957

    Counselor at the Embassy of Pyongyang Comrade Petrov is recalled for incorrectly supporting the August Group.

  • April 04, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with the 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade Pimenov of 26-27-28-29.III.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pimenov discuss political groups in North Korea, Soviet specialists in the DPRK, the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission, and the reunification of Korea.

  • April 15, 1957

    Record of Conversation between Polish Premier J. Cyrankiewicz and Chinese Leader Mao Zedong, 8 April 1957

    Mao Zedong and Cyrankiewicz discuss industrial planning, international economic cooperation, and the economic situation in each of their respective countries.

  • May 02, 1957

    Note from Conversations with Comade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, on 23 and 25 April 1957

    Kim Du-bong's speech and his relation to the August group are summarized in this Polish Embassy report.

  • May 25, 1957

    Collection of Reports from Polish Military Attaches Around the World

    Reports from Washington, Ottawa, Cairo, Berlin, Brussells, Rome, Stockholm, and Helsinki discussing events that occurred from January-May 1957. Most of the contents revolved around meetings with other foreign officials and actions of embassy's host country.

  • August 29, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with the Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade. Makarov on 27.VIII.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Makarov discuss North Korea's Five-Year Plan and the suggestions and assistance being offered by the Soviet Union and China.

  • October 03, 1957

    Notes on Conversation between Polish Defense Minister Spychalski and PRC Leader Mao Zedong

    Mao Zedong discusses the history of the Chinese Communist Party, among other topics with Marian Spychalski.

  • October 16, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, on 15.X.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Pimenov discuss the situation in the Korean Workers' Party and the activities of Pak Chang-ok and Choe Chang-ik.

  • October 24, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pelishenko, Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pelishenko discuss the "August Group" in North Korea, providing details on the investigations and arrests that followed the August 1956 Plenum.

  • November 03, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK and Comrade Makarov, Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR on 11.III.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Makarov discuss the economic situation in the DPRK and reveal that the DPRK has abandoned a policy of self-reliance, which has led to industrial reforms and changes in agricultural production, as well as the preparation of the first 5-year plan.

  • November 16, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comr. Botsin, the Deputy Director of the Economic Office at the Embassy of the USSR

    The document features a conversation between Brzezinski Henryk and comrade Botsin regarding the economic situation in the DPRK for the 4th quarter of 1957. Comr. Botsin states that the basic problem of the Korean economy is a shortage of cotton, iron rod, and coking coal. He provides details regarding assistance from the Soviet Union.

  • November 27, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Berentz, 3rd Secretary of the Embassy of the GDR, on 26-27.XI.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Berentz describe the aid North Korea has received from East Germany to reconstruct the city of Hamheung as well as the impact of the August 1956 Plenum on that city.

  • December 02, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Botsin, the Deputy Director of the Economic Office at the Embassy of the USSR,

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Botsin discuss the North Korean economy, Soviet aid toward North Korea's industrialization, and the training of North Korean cadres and technicians.

  • December 07, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Cheng Wenjin, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the PRC

    Brzezinski Henryk and Cheng Wenjin discuss North Korea's Five-Year Plan, China's economic advice offered to the North Koreans, and Chinese aid to and trade with North Korea.

  • December 09, 1957

    A Note from Sluczanski to Several Comrades in Warsaw concerning the "August Group" and the Political Situation in the DPRK

    Comrade Sluczanski describes the situation regarding the "August Group" in North Korea, stating that a number of arrests have taken place throughout North Korea.