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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 01, 1954

    Historical Note on Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

    A historical note from Dr. Bhabha to the Prime Minister chronicling the history of the establishment and subsequent operation of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Also includes information about the Institute’s administrative functions and relations with the Atomic Energy Commission.

  • April 21, 1954

    Letter from Roger Makins to Lewis L. Strauss

    Roger Makins of the British Foreign Office writes to Lewis Strauss of the American Atomic Energy Commission regarding a change in policy to allow Britain to share nuclear information with members of the British Commonwealth.

  • May 03, 1954

    Memorandum of Conversation between Deputy Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu and Indian Ambassador to China Raghavan Concerning Premier Nehru’s Statement on the Hydrogen Bomb

    Zhang Hanfu and Raghavan discuss the hydrogen bomb and the Colombo Conference.

  • May 13, 1954

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on India's Participation in Nuclear Energy Talks in Ann Arbor, Michigan

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Natural Resources and Scientific Research, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, on whether or not India plans to attend a nuclear energy commission in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

  • May 26, 1954

    Letter by S. P. Korolev with Enclosed Report by Tikhonravov, 'On the Possibility of the Development of an Artificial Earth Satellite'

    Report on simple satellite proposed by Tikhonravov, addressed to Council of Ministers

  • May 26, 1954

    M. K. Tikhonravov, 'Memorandum on an Artificial Earth Satellite'

    On the possibility of launching the “simplest satellite” along with future considerations of launching humans into space

  • September 09, 1954

    Telegram from M.A. Husain, Joint Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, 'Recognition of New Regime in Guatemala'

    Recognition of the new junta in charge of Guatemala is recommended.

  • September 15, 1954

    Telegram from M.A. Husain, Joint Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, 'Draft Note on Recognition of Guatemala'

    Summary of Indian relations with the new government of Guatemala.

  • September 22, 1954

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Disarmament of Conventional or Atomic Weapons

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Deputy Minister for External Affairs, Shri ANil K. Chanda, on whether or not India will present before the United Nations Disarmament Commission.

  • October 13, 1954

    Letter from Indian Charge d’Affaires in Argentina on Guatemala

    Malik reports he is gathering a list of countries which have recognized the new regime in Guatemala.

  • October 27, 1954

    Memorandum of Conversation with British, French, and German Embassy Officials, 'German Atomic Energy Program'

    In this meeting, Werner Heisenberg, a key figure in Nazi Germany’s atomic bomb project, reaffirmed the West German commitment not to manufacture atomic weapons to a group of U.S., British, and French officials in Washington.

  • January 31, 1955

    Address by Zhou Enlai at the Plenary Session of the Fourth Meeting of the State Council (Excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai addresses the State Council citing a need for China to "master atomic energy." The Chinese program is far behind in this area, but plans to catch up with the help of Soviet technical assistance.

  • February 01, 1955

    French Foreign Ministry, Note on Indian Foreign Policy and Franco-Indian Relations

    Note prepared by the French Foreign Ministry prior to Prime Minister Nehru’s visit to Paris in February 1955. It observed that France could find in India a cooperative partner in Asia despite their outstanding disagreements.

  • February 12, 1955

    Decree of the USSR Council of Ministers, 'On a New Test Range for the USSR Ministry of Defense'

    Council of Ministers decree approving a launch range in Kazakhstan for testing the ICBM

  • February 28, 1955

    Report by the Measurement Lab of the USSR Academy of Science, 'On the Properties of the Atomic Bombs Detonated on the Marshal Islands in 1954'

    Soviet scientific intelligence report on U.S. nuclear weapons testing on the Marshall Islands in 1954. This report concludes that the Ivy Mike and Castle nuclear detonations were thermonuclear based on gamma ray spectroscopy of fission fragments collected by Soviet aircraft over the USSR and PRC.

  • March 01, 1955

    Pravda Newspaper Article on the Decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet Concerning the USSR CM [Council of Ministers]

    Pravda announces the decisions made by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.

  • March 25, 1955

    Information on Turkish Intelligence Interest on the Uranium Mine Buhovo

    Turkish intelligence agents are trying to gather information on the uranium mining in southwest Bulgaria. They believe that the extracted deposits are shipped to the Soviet Union for further processing and production of nuclear bombs.

  • April 21, 1955

    Letter to Z. P. Zaveniagin, 'Regarding the Choice of Devices for Strategic Use'

    Report describing the relative merits of the RDS-27 and the SD nuclear weapon designs for use on the R-7 "Semyorka" ICBM.

  • May 13, 1955

    Meeting of the Islamic Council

  • May 14, 1955

    Warsaw Pact Treaty

    Treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact in response to the integration of West Germany into NATO.