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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 17, 1950

    Conversation, V.M. Molotov and A.Y Vyshinsky with Mao Zedong, Moscow, 17 January 1950

    In this conversation Molotov reads out to Mao the part of Acheson's Jan. 12 statement about the Soviet take-over of Manchuria, Mongolia and Xinjiang. Molotov proposes that the Chinese Foreign Ministry issues a refutation. Mao suggests that Xinhua should do that, but Molotov disagrees, and Mao promises that the Foreign Ministry will issue a statement. Mao, for his part, mentions several US probes to establish relations with Communist China, but notes that his policy is to keep the Americans at arms' length, and, in fact, to force them to leave China altogether. Towards the end Molotov and Mao discuss China's representation at the UN (Molotov asks that China appoint a representative, something that Mao appears reluctant to do), and China's representation at the Allied Control Council for Japan.

  • January 19, 1950

    Telegram Shtykov to Vyshinsky on a Luncheon at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK

    Shtykov reports a meeting with Kim Il Sung, along with Chinese and Korean delegates. Kim Il Sung expresses his view on the prospect of a liberation of the South Korean people that is to follow the Chinese success in liberation. Kim expresses his view that the South Koreans support his cause for reunification which the South Korean government does not seem to purse, and that he desires to ask Stalin for permission on an offensive action on South Korea.

  • January 30, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Shtykov

    Stalin asks Shtykov to relay a message to Kim Il Sung about North Korea's proposed offensive against South Korea and Soviet Union's request for lead from North Korea.

  • January 31, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Comrade Stalin

    As a response to Stalin's willingness to talk to Kim Il Sung on the issue of offensive attack to South Korea and on Stalin's request of lead, Kim Il Sung, according to Shtykov, responded that he would like to set up a meeting with him, and that he would take necessary measures for the lead to be delivered to the Soviet Union.

  • January 31, 1950

    Memorandum of Conversation, Charge d’Affaires of the Soviet Embassy with Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai on 9 December 1949

    Description of a discussion between the Soviet Charge d'Affaires in the PRC and Zhou Enlai, covering Mao Zedong's trip to Moscow and recognition of the PRC by England, Burma, and India.

  • February 01, 1950

    Letter to Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky informs Stalin of Zhou Enlai's suggested amendments to Sino-Soviet agreements and mutual aid.

  • February, 1950

    Sino-Soviet Agreement Protocol

    New Ties regarding the signatures on February 1950 between China and the Soviet Union, on the accordance of the Soviet Union credit with China. Both governments came to an agreement.

  • February, 1950

    Exchange of Notes, Zhou Enlai and Vyshinshy

    Zhou Enlai and Vyshinshy discuss the exchanges of land made in August 1945 in Manchuria and Inner Mongolia. The relinquishing of Port Arthur (Lüshunkou) and Dalian are mentioned.

  • February, 1950

    Note from Andrey Vyshinsky to Zhou Enlai, February 1950

    Dialogue between Zhou Enlai and Vyshinsky on the currently friendly relations between the Soviet Union and China. References are made to trade as pertinent to the Chinese railways, harbors, and the necessary additions.

  • February 02, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum from Andrey Vyshinsky to Joseph Stalin

    In a message to Stalin, Vyshinsky describes Soviet negotiations with Zhou Enlai on the Sino-Soviet agreement on alliance and mutual aid.

  • February 03, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin on the continuing negotiations of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance. References are made toward the Feb 2, 1950, a meeting between Russia and Sino officials; and the amendment/modifications made towards preserving relations between the two nations. Placement of Chinese troops in Soviet territory.

  • February 07, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    Shtykov relays to Vyshinsky Kim Il Sung's questions regarding the central committee's decision to issue a loan, on whether they can proceed toward forming more infantry, and on if North Korea could use in 1950 the credit the Soviet government had allocated for 1951. In answer to Kim Il Sung's requests, Shtykov answered ambiguously, stating that more thought needs to be put in.

  • February 10, 1950

    Memorandum to Vyshinsky from Soviet Ambassador to China Nikolai Roshchin

    Following their meeting on 10 February, Soviet Ambassador to China Roshchin reports to Vyshinsky with a list of outstanding questions that Zhou Enlai intends to discuss the next day. These matters include determining how many Soviet technical specialists will be sent to China; settling on the specialists' pay during their time abroad; arranging for a signing ceremony; and other related issues. The letter also references Mao Zedong's scheduled visit to the Soviet Union from 13-16 February, during which he and his delegation intend to visit a collective farm and attend a ballet at the Bolshoi Theater.

  • February 12, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin on his talks with Zhou Enlai held the previous day. Discussion focused on a number of affairs, including minor Chinese amendments to Molotov's draft of the Sino-Soviet agreement; the prospect of negotiating a bilateral agreement on trade and technical exchange; outstanding issues regarding Soviet specialists in China; settling a date on which to sign the agreement; and other matters.

  • February 12, 1950

    From the Journal of Ambassador Roshchin: Top Secret Memorandum of Conversation of the Ambassador of the USSR in China N.V. Roshchin with Zhou Enlai

    Roshchin, Soviet Ambassador to China, reports on his conversation with Zhou Enlai regarding the territory of Xinjiang; plans to draft an agreement on the transfer of Manchuria from the Soviet Union to the People's Republic of China; and settling the issue of payment for Soviet specialists in China. Zhou Enlai has also asked Roshchin to inform his Soviet counterparts that 14 February would be the most convenient date to sign the Sino-Soviet agreements, as that will allow the media sufficient time to report on the treaty prior to the Chinese new year celebrations beginning on 16 February.

  • February 13, 1950

    From the Journal of Vyshinsky: Top Secret Memorandum of Conversation with Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin that Zhou Enlai wishes to publish the completed Sino-Soviet agreements. Doing so, Zhou believes, will legitimate the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China in the eyes of the world, particularly the democratic countries. However, because an agreement on publication had not previously been made, Vyshinsky tells Zhou that this is not yet possible. Vyshinsky informs Zhou that he will consult the Soviet government on this matter and report back without delay.

  • February 17, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin that Zhou Enlai, having considered the proposed draft of the Sino-Soviet trade agreement, has no objections. However, there remain some discrepancies between the Soviet and Chinese drafts. Vyshinsky describes these inconsistencies in detail and recounts his subsequent negotiations with Zhou.

  • February 23, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Maj. Gen. A.M. Vasilevsky, Head of Soviet Military Advisory group in DPRK

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky reporting the arrival of Lieutenant-General Vasiliev and the transfer of military adviser duties from himself to Gen. Vasiliev.

  • March 09, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    In a telegram to Shytykov which he then relays to Vyshinsky, Kim Il Sung writes that North Korea requests of the Soviet Union military and technical support. In return, North Korea is sending the natural resources such as gold and silver to Soviet Union. Kim requests that a

  • March 21, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    Shtykov reports on his meeting with Kim Il Sung where Kim Il Sung requests a meeting with Stalin in Moscow.