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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 25, 1964

    Foreign Ministry Report on Bulgarian-Cuban Cultural Relations

    Deputy Minister Gero Grozev advises the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party and the Committee for Friendship and Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries on cultural relations with Cuba. Based on the current political situation Grozev argues that Bulgaria should postpone developing a cultural center in Havana.

  • January 19, 1965

    T. Zhivkov’s Handwritten Notes on NATO at the Warsaw Pact Meeting in Moscow

  • March 03, 1965

    Bulgarian Embassy, Havana (Kulbov), Information Regarding The Latin American Communist Parties’ Conference

    First Secretary of the Bulgarian Embassy to Cuba A. Hubenov describes a Latin American communist party conference held in Havana, November 1964. The parties secretly discussed their struggle against imperialism and the expansion of communist revolutions in Latin America and Cuba's assistance to that struggle. Conference deliberations included a discussion of the Sino-Soviet split and the fear of factions within the communist movement.

  • March 26, 1965

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Raul Castro Meeting in Sofia

    Zhivkov lays out his perspective on the place of Bulgaria within the Communist Camp. He also talks about the Balkans and the rift between Bulgaria and Romania. Both leaders discuss the Chinese accusations of Soviet Revisionism. Raul Castro talks about the strength of the communist movements in Latin America and the prospects for successful social revolutions in Venezuela, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay, and Brazil.

  • April 05, 1965

    Resolution B-6 of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Regarding Prevention of Western Spying on Communication Channels

    Decision Memorandum of the CC BCP Politburo authorizing the Council of Ministers to take all necessary steps to prevent wiretapping party officials’ phone lines by foreign intelligence services.

  • July 06, 1965

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on the Separation of State Security from the Ministry of the Internal Affairs

    The restructuring in the BCP CC and the establishment of the State Security Committee to the Council of Ministers.

  • November 17, 1965

    A Proposal from Bulgarian State Security Chairman A. Solakov to the Secretariat on Recruitment of Foreign Students in Bulgaria

    The State Security Committee chair, Angel Solakov, seeks authorization from the BCP CC Secretariat to recruit foreign nationals, residing in Bulgaria as university students and military academy cadets.

  • January 11, 1966

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on Intelligence Actions Against China and Albania

    CC BCP Politburo approves Angel Solakov’s recommendation the State Security Committee to commence intelligence and counter-intelligence operations against PRC and Albania. In an attached report Solakov lays out the rationale for such actions. Solakov cites cases where the Chinese and Albanian intelligence services have allegedly embarked upon anti-Soviet actions in various countries of Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America.

  • February 02, 1966

    Information on Latin America and Cuba: Delivery of Weapons to Cuba and Latin America

    In a coded telegram to the Central Committee of the German Unified Socialist Party, Dimo Dichev, Head of the International Relations and Foreign Policy Department of the BCP Central Committee, reports on Bulgaria’s military assistance to Cuba and national liberation movements in Latin America, Asia, and Africa.

  • February 11, 1966

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on Expanding Relations between the Bulgarian and the Cuban Communist parties

    In a memo, Dimo Dichev, Head of the International Relations and Foreign Policy Department of the BCP Central Committee, reports unsatisfactory relations between Cuba and Bulgaria. Dichev suggests political, agricultural, pedagogical and journalism exchanges to show an initiative to bolster relations.

  • February 21, 1966

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution Regarding Expanding Relations between the Bulgarian Communist Party and the Cuban Communist Party

    In a memo, Dimo Dichev, Head of the International Relations and Foreign Policy Department of the Bulgarian Communist Party Central Committee, reports unsatisfactory relations between Cuba and Bulgaria. Dichev suggests political and journalism exchanges to show an initiative to bolster relations. Dichev proposes exchanges between specific Cuban and Bulgarian newspapers and magazines.

  • March 31, 1966

    Embassy, Havana, Report on the State of the Cuban Communist Party

    In a report on the Cuban Communist Party, Bulgarian Embassy counselor S. Cohen discusses strengths and concerns with the Cuban goverment. The Cuban revolutionary movement debunked the theory of geographically determined fatalism, but also displays a strong dependence on the Latin American liberation movement (e.g. Jose Mari, Simon Bolivar) for inspiration instead of socialist principles. Cohen reports negative developments including the Cuban government’s growing ambition to rule the Third World revolutionary movement and strong belief in the Cuban armed struggle as a template for all national liberation movements. The Cuban delegation strongly endorsed armed struggle as the only means of socialist advancement at the Tricontinental Conference recently held in Havana. Bulgaria must remain close with the Cuban government to help it develop economically and mature politically.

  • June 08, 1966

    CC BCP Secretariat Resolution on Training of 30 Cuban Counterintelligence Officers in Bulgaria

  • June 08, 1966

    CC BCP Secretariat Secret Resolution Regarding Training Cuban Security Officers in Bulgaria

    The Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party approves the Cuban government’s request to train Cubans in counterintelligence, but not sabotage.

  • July 29, 1966

    Proposal by Gen. M. Spasov to N. Papazov on Enlargement of S&T Intelligence (NTR) Staff

  • January 17, 1967

    Memorandum from Bulgarian Communist Youth Union to BCP Politburo Regarding Competing Cuban and Bulgarian Candidacies to Host the IX World Youth Festival

    Georgi Atanasov, Secretary of the Central Committee of the Dimitrov Communist Youth Union, reviews the selection process for the 9th World Youth Festival host location. Cuba and Bulgaria both are candidates. Atanasov explains Cuba’s campaign and Bulgaria’s concern that strong support for its candidacy will sour its relations with Cuba. Atanasov contemplates problems with Cuba’s candidacy and ways to prevent a diplomatic disagreement.

  • January 26, 1967

    Letter from Bulgarian Embassy, Havana

    Petar Marinkov, Third secretar at the Bulgarian Embassy to Cuba, informs the Bulgarian ambassador about meetings with Cuban officials on youth communist leagues. Marinkov’s reviews negotiations centered on Cuba’s non-participation in established youth leagues and festivals. Cuban youth leaders hope to host youth festivals and incorporate military training for armed liberation movements into youth festival activities.

  • March 23, 1967

    Bulgarian State Security Chairman Angel Solakov’s Report at a Bulgarian Communist Party Plenum

    According to the State Security Committee chair, Angel Solakov, there has been a major shift in the policies of the West towards the Soviet bloc. While during the 1950s military face-off was often considered an option, in the late 1960s such possibility has been largely ruled out. Consequently the US and their allies in Western Europe are focusing their efforts on fighting socialism around the world through peaceful means, such as strengthening economic and cultural ties with the Soviet bloc countries. This calls for a change in the strategy of the State Security Committee intelligence operations. Solakov also reports on the anti-Soviet activities of the Chinese and Albanian intelligence services across Europe.

  • June 08, 1967

    Memorandum from the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry, Regarding Relations with North Korea

    A memorandum listing the Bulgarian Communist Party's explicit interest to rebuild relations with North Korea, which dissolved in 1962 following the North Korean students incident and the declaration of the Ambassador as "person non grata."

  • June 14, 1967

    T. Zhivkov’s Report at the Bulgarian Plenary Meeting on the Middle East

    Zhivkov presents the BCP position on the Six-Day War.