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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 10, 1980

    Military Exercise Operational Task for a Command-Staff Map Exercise

    This document describes a theoretical military confrontation in which "Western" NATO forces declare war on the "Eastern" Warsaw forces. The document details the capabilities of the NATO forces on land and at sea.

  • January 14, 1980

    Military Exercise Combat Instruction No. 12/1 of the OBF

    This document describes joint naval exercises to be conducted in the Baltic Sea.

  • January 16, 1980

    Military Exercise Composition of the Assault Landing Formations

    This document details the composition of Warsaw Pact armed forces.

  • January 16, 1980

    Military Exercise Operational Directive of the Commander of the OBF

    This document evaluates the strength of NATO forces in the Baltic Sea and provides instructions for forthcoming naval exercises to win control of the southern part of the Baltic Sea, to conduct an amphibious assault, and to win control of the eastern part of the North Sea.

  • January 20, 1980

    Military Exercise Order of Battle of the 2nd Fleet (Polish Navy)

    This document details the types and current statuses of ships under command of the Warsaw Pact.

  • January 20, 1980

    Military Exercise Appendix No. 17: NATO Order of Battle in the Western Theater of Military Operations

    This document details the composition of NATO military forces by country and by class.

  • January 20, 1980

    Military Exercise Plan of the Commander of the 2nd Fleet

    This document provides instructions on naval exercises in the Baltic Sea.

  • February 13, 1981

    Note on the Relations between China and Poland

    The Prime Ministers of both Poland and China wish to thank one another, and note that Poland can learn from China about the need for stability in forming socialism in their country. Though the Chinese have always been seen as sympathetic, some of their actions, however, do not always yield such positive results

  • December, 1981

    Military Exercise: Report of a Representative of the Chief of USSR Armed Forces Communications at an Assembly of Signal Troops Command Personnel of Warsaw Pact Member Countries

    Speech discussing front-line communications and their importance in modern warfare.

  • February 12, 1984

    Report by Gen. Bryg. Zdzislaw Sarewicz, Chief of Polish Foreign Intelligence on the Use of Paris-Based Polish Bookstore by the CIA-Funded International Literary Center

    Report on George Minden and the International Literary Center (ILC) by chief of Polish intelligence general Zdzislaw Sarewicz, stating that the operation was funded by United States government and the US intelligence service.

  • November 07, 1984

    Report by Agent 'Gerard' on Paris-Based Polish Bookstore and Activities of CIA-Funded International Literacy Center

    Report by a Polish intelligence agent on the International Literary Center (ILC) in Paris which lists the types of Polish people who were given anti-Communist books at the store (number of engineers, architects, intellectuals, etc.)

  • 1985

    Report of a Representative of the USSR Chief of Armed Forces Communications, Developing Modern Communication Systems

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations by the leadership of the Combined Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact on the issue of improving allied communications systems and equipment. The writer warns that the alliance's communications technology has not kept up with the demands of modern military command and control systems, emphasizing the importance of rapid combat readiness and survivability; the complexity of modern technical systems and equipment; the imperative of maintaining secrecy; and the significance of efficient transmission of information. By integrating advanced technologies within the existing military infrastructure, it is argued, the Warsaw Pact forces will be better equipped to meet these challenges. Suggestions include standardizing equipment across the military, adopting digital formats of information, automating communications, developing technologies immune to the environmental consequences of nuclear explosions, and more.

  • June 15, 1985

    Report by Agent 'Tulon' on New Priorities of Western Anti-Socialist Propaganda

    Report by a Polish intelligence agent on the activities of the International Literacy Center (ILC) to distribute anti-Communist books to Poish youth.

  • September 03, 1985

    Military Exercise Druzhba-85 Plan to conduct a one-sided, multi-stage combined-arms army exercise codenamed "Druzhba-85"

    This document introduces the trilateral military exercise known as Druzhba-85. Involving troops from the Soviet Union, East Germany, and Poland, the September 1985 exercise was implemented with the goal of improving commands and staffs in joint offensive operations; identifying more effective methods of military organization; coordinating allied commands and staffs; and deepening international political ties via military coalition. The exercise is premised on a hypothetical scenario in which NATO forces exacerbate East-West tensions and launch an offensive against the Warsaw Pact countries. The document provides additional detail on the operational procedure of the exercise.

  • April 14, 1988

    Lecture by Sergei Akhromeyev, 'The Current State of Soviet Military Doctrine'

    This is a transcript of a lecture delivered by Sergei Akhromeyev, the Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces, to the Polish General Staff about Soviet military doctrine in early 1988. The document defines what the Soviets meant by military doctrine, differentiating between the doctrine of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact by stressing the former’s wider range objectives, especially concerning the use of strategic nuclear weapons. In addition, it identifies contemporary issues facing Soviet doctrine and analyzes topics such as nuclear non-proliferation, reduction of nuclear stockpiles and refutes the idea that nuclear weapons should be used in a counter-offensive operation. It stresses the importance of defense, negating offensive military preparedness in lieu of purely defensive Warsaw Pact capabilities (albeit altogether sufficient to successfully deter a NATO attack from the West). It also discusses the results of the March 2-3 1988 NATO talks and concludes that the West is not willing to stop the arms race and is increasing its offensive capabilities. The Warsaw Pact’s response should include increased military research, better vigilance to capture signals of a possible attack and more tactical and technical training for the military command. It asserts that even though a war is less likely than in the past, quoting Gorbachev, “the nature of capitalism itself can be the cause of war.”

  • May 04, 1988

    Information Bulletin for Polish Party Leadership on Western Views of Poland

    This document is an example of analyses prepared for the top Party leadership on the content of Western broadcasts to Poland. It provides, without editorializing or pejorative clauses, an interpretation of the Western broadcasts.

  • May 25, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Operational Summary No. 1 for the period 0800 25 May to 0800 2 June 1988

    This document describes Warsaw Pact military exercises conducted between 25 May and 2 June 1988. Summarized in detail, the comprehensive exercise brought all facets of the combined forces to "wartime strength" in response to a theoretical threat posed by NATO.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Operational Summary No. 2 for the period 0800 2 June to 1900 6 June 1988

    This document describes a Warsaw Pact military exercise known as Shield-88. The exercise addresses a theoretical scenario in which NATO forces suddenly prepare to launch an attack on Warsaw Pact territory.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Information Summary No. 1 as of 0800 2 June 1988

    This document provides a scenario in which the "Blue" governments have engaged in a campaign of increasingly hostile propaganda intended to discredit the "Red" bloc socioeconomic system. Consequently, domestic morale is low. The population has grown pessimistic and, in light of the international situation, feels emboldened to challenge the Red authorities and leaders.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Intelligence Summary No. 1 as of 0800 2 June 1988

    This intelligence summary describes a potential scenario in which the policy of detente in "Blue" countries begins to deteriorate and increased military exercises are conducted.