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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • June 28, 1963

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Alessandrini to Minister of Foreign Affairs Piccioni

    In this report to Foreign Minister Piccioni, Alessandrini addresses the key problems with NATO, focusing on the lack of internal cohesion . He names the German problem as the most important issue of the alliance, but touches also on De Gaulle's politics and European integration.

  • July 09, 1963

    Report by Ambassador Quaroni to Minister of Foreign Affairs Piccioni, 'General De Martino's candidacy and Standing Group'

    Italian Ambassador to London, Quaroni, analyzes the internal situation of NATO, and Italy's standing that he considers very weak. He describes the situation as "total Cold War" between US and France, where Kennedy and De Gaulle have different visions for the future.

  • July 15, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on MLF

    Note by ambassador to the UK Pietro Quaroni on meeting with Foreign Minister Douglas-Home after President Kennedy's discussions in Rome on MLF.

  • July 23, 1963

    Note by MD Cabinet on MLF

    Summary of Report by Italian embassy in London on discussions between ambassador Quaroni and british foreign minister Douglas-Home on NATO MLF.

  • August 27, 1963

    Note from Cagiati to Andreotti on MLF Situation and Perspectives

    Note by Head of NATO desk, MAE DAP, Andrea Cagiati on the purpose and scope of suggesting a "european provision" during negotiations for the NATO MLF.

  • August 28, 1963

    Note from Cagiati to Andreotti on MLF Recent Developments

    Note by Head of NATO desk, MAE DAP, Andrea Cagiati on developments in discussions on MLF in the wake of Rome meetings between defense experts and Adm. Ricketts.

  • September 11, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on MLF

    Note by Italian Embassy in Athens on meetings with officials from the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs concerning MLF and greek government's point of view on Atlantic defense.

  • September 13, 1963

    Note by MAE DAP on European Provision in MLF

    Note by NATO Desk on the proposal by the Italian government to include a European Provision in the MLF covenant.

  • September 26, 1963

    Report from Alessandrini to Piccioni on NATO MLF

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini to Deputy Prime Minister. The report assesses that the NATO MLF represents the only real chance for European countries to actively contribute to the elaboration of a Western political-military strategy. the MLF is also seen as potentially laying the foundations of european nuclear capability; for this reason a european provision is considered of paramount importance.

  • October 05, 1963

    Letter from Ducci to Quaroni

    Letter from ambassador R. Ducci on the need to establish a European Federation with autonomous nuclear capabily.

  • October 11, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on MLF

    Note by Ambassador to Moscow C.A. Straneo on meeting with Deputy Foreign Minister V. Zorin on Italy's position on MFL.

  • October 23, 1963

    Letter from Ducci to Quaroni on Nuclear War

    Letter from ambassador R. Ducci on prospective consequences for Europe of controlled response strategy in light of Herman Kahn's analysis in the paper Escalation and its strategic context

  • October 25, 1963

    MAE report to MD/SMD on MRBM Missiles deployment in Europe

    The report discusses rumors about SECEUR Lemnitzer's intention to deploy MRBM missiles in Europe as well as US government position on the same issue.

  • December 04, 1963

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'NATO strategy'

    The document states what the Italian Embassies in Washington and in London reported to MAE on 30th November 1963, about NATO strategy.

  • December 05, 1963

    Report from Alessandrini to Saragat concerning the Development of NATO MLF

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini to Foreign Minister on the development since 1957 of a NATO Nuclear Multilateral Force. The paper discusses the positions of the various European NATO members and conducts an assessment related to Italy's position. Two annexes. Annex A: Basic Elements of the covenant; B, Summary of Paris consultations.

  • December 07, 1963

    Reminder from SMD to Adm. Tagliamonte

    Reminder by adm. A. Zamboni on organization and structure of NATO Multilateral Force, including its political, strategic, economic and legal features. Particularly prominent is the European Provision as discussed in several different fora.

  • December 10, 1963

    Memorandum by Ministry of Defense, 'NATO strategy'

    This correspondence between the Ministry of Defense and embassies in Washington and London discusses the current state of NATO's (nuclear strategy) and the different views held by France, Great Britain, Germany and United States.

  • December 11, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on McNamara's Speech

    Note by ambassador to Washington Fenoaltea on speech held by Secretary of Defense McNamara in New York (November 18) on US strategic doctrine, NATO's defense, and role of NATO european members. Annex with copy of the speech missing.

  • December 16, 1963

    Minute of Meeting between GA and McNamara

    Discussion between Andreotti and McNamara concerning the political aspects of the MLF

  • January 01, 1964

    MAE cable on Atlantic Nuclear Force

    Outline of Italy's position vis-à-vis the british project for an Atlantic Nuclear Force.