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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 25, 1971

    Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos—and Korea Again?

    An advertisement in the New York Times announces the establishment of the American-Korean Friendship and Information Center and warns of a new war in Korea if the U.S. did not remove its troops from the peninsula

  • April 20, 1971

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in Romania to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report of the attempted kidnapping of the Belgian Ambassador, who was mistaken for an American, by North Korean assailants.

  • June 04, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    During a MAC meeting between the UN Command and DPRK, UN Command announces its disassociation with the Major Pak crash-landing incident and ROK's sole involvement on the non-return of Major Pak. The DPRK states that, in the future, they will not return any US military personnel.

  • September 09, 1971

    Message to Kim Il Sung from Eldridge Cleaver

    Eldridge Cleaver sends a message to Kim Il Sung celebrating the twenty-third anniversary of the founding of DPRK. Cleaver praises the Juche principle and the Korean revolution for national independence against the Japanese fascists and US imperialists. Koreans are described as the prime mover of the international revolutionary movement and as having built a powerful independent socialist country. Cleaver praises North Korea's efforts in reaching out to the southern hemisphere that is suffering from US neo-colonialism.

  • 1972

    About the AFKIC: American-Korean Friendship and Information Center

    The American-Korean Friendship and Information Center (AKFIC) describes its founding, organization, and activities.

  • 1972

    A Visit to the DPRK: A Report from the Delegation of the American-Korean Friendship and Information Center to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    A report on a North Korean sponsored tour of Pyongyang made by staff and supporters of the AKFIC in 1972.

  • June 24, 1972

    Report from Kádas István, 'The visit of Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun'

    A report by Kadas Istvan on a conversation with North Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun about the US violation of the armistice treaty and inter-Korean relations.

  • July 13, 1972

    Memorandum, Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Hungarian Foreign Ministry summarizes the change of the positions of North and South Korea on the unification of the Korean Peninsula, Soviet-Korean relations, and the involvement of China and the United States on the Korean Peninsula.

  • 1973

    Comments from Leading American Senators

    An insert to an AKFIC publication on the role of the U.S. Congress in U.S.-North Korean relations.

  • 1973

    For Congress to Act We Must Speak Out, Loud and Clear!

    The AKFIC urges the U.S. Congress to positively respond to a letter from North Korea's Supreme People's Assembly.

  • February 07, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 061.041

    Based on Yugoslavian sources, a Romanian diplomat reports that Kim Yeong-ju may have met Henry Kissinger and Lee Hu-rak in Paris for discussions on U.S.-DPRK and inter-Korean relations respectively.

  • February 13, 1973

    Telegram from Beijing to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 059.139

    Gavrilescu speculates the possibilities that DPRK Foreign Minister Heo Dam meets Kissinger as well as that the inter-Korean conflict is raised as a major issue in Sino-American negotiations.

  • March 09, 1973

    Meeting Minutes between Director Kim and Counselor Pierce

    Director Kim and Counselor Pierce discuss about the visit of U.S. officials to Seoul and a clash along the DMZ.

  • April 06, 1973

    Letter to the Congress of the United States from the Supreme People’s Assembly, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    North Korea’s Supreme People’s Assembly calls for the removal of U.S. forces from South Korea and an end to U.S. “interference in the internal affairs of the Korean people”

  • April 12, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, SECRET, No.061.121, Urgent

    A Romanian diplomat reports on the second session of the DPRK Supreme People’s Assembly. The meeting focused on increasing the state budget to accomplish the 6-year plan with particular focus on heavy industry, machinery, raw material extraction, and energy production. The meeting also noted the need to increase the standard of living for the North Korean people. Nonetheless, no mention was made on collaborating with the outside world for economic and technological cooperation.

  • April 23, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.150, Urgent, SECRET

    The Romanians expect tensions to rise in inter-Korean relations after North Korea is accused of sending a group of spies to South Korea. Pyongyang is unable to convincingly deny its direct role in sending the spies and is called duplicitous by Seoul. The report suggests that recent events have acted as fodder for the argument on why US troops should stay on the Korean Peninsula

  • May 05, 1973

    Telegram from the First Directorate to Washington, DC, No.01/04493

    North Korea asks Romania to forward a letter to the president of the US Senate, Spiro T. Agnew, and separately, the Speaker of the House, Carl Albert. The letter, adopted by the DPRK Supreme People’s Assembly, will request the US to withdraw its forces from the Korean Peninsula, terminate military aid to South Korea, and dismantle the UN Commission for the Unification and Reconstruction of Korea.

  • June 07, 1973

    Telegram from Washington, DC, No.084.504, Urgent, SECRET

    Romanian official in the US warns Bucharest that relaying the letter from the DPRK to US public officials in the manner requested by Pyongyang may damage Romanian relations with the US. The official recommends a more normal procedure recommended to him by US officials and suggests convincing the North Koreans to follow a different method of sending its message to US congress.

  • June 16, 1973

    Telegram to Pyongyang from First Directorate, SECRET, No. 01/08463, Flash

    Romanian officials relay the message from UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim regarding permanent observers from the DPRK to the UN. The telegram notes that Waldheim will offer his support to the North Korean observers and that obtaining visas to the US will not be difficult.

  • June 19, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang , No.061.240, Urgent, SECRET

    The North Koreans follow Romanian advice and allow the submission of their letter to Congress through the US State Department.