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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 04, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China to the DPRK Qiao Xiaoguang

    Ambassador Ivanov in the DPRK speaks with PRC Ambassador on the four Koreans who spoke against Kim Il Sung that are being held at the Chinese border. Ivanov states that the Soviet Union is against criticizing Kim Il Sung.

  • September 05, 1956

    From the Journal of N.T. Fedorenko, 'Reception of the DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo'

    Addressed to Anastas Mikoyan, this diary entry records a conversation between Fedorenko and Ri Sang-jo concerning the August Plenum incident.

  • September 05, 1956

    Report by N.T. Fedorenko on a Conversation with Ri Sang-jo, Ambassador of the DPRK to the USSR

    The Ambassador of the DPRK to the Soviet Union reports on the mishandling of critics during the August and September Plenums, and testifies "to the existence of the most negative consequences of the cult of personality in the DPRK."

  • September 05, 1956

    Letter from Seo Hwi, Yun Gong-heum, Li Pil-gyu, and Kim Gwan to the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee

    Seo Hwi, Yun Gong-heum, Li Pil-gyu, and Kim Gwan provide a detailed report on the events of the August Incident and the days leading up to the plenum. The four justify their actions and request the support of the Chinese Communist Party.

  • September 06, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan explains to V.I. Ivanov the personality cult in the Korean Worker's Party and the somewhat unstable condition of the Worker's Party due to the debate surrounding the cult of personality.

  • September 08, 1956

    Resolution of the August Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee on the DPRK Representatives' Trip to Allied Countries and Other Pressing Issues concerning the Korean Workers' Party

    The resolution discusses economic growth in North Korea and the promises of fraternal aid, and warns of the dangers of factionalism to the preservation of Marxism-Leninism.

  • September 10, 1956

    Memorandum of a Conversation with DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo

    Ri Sang-jo expresses to Shcherbakov his concerns about the problems within the Korean Workers' Party and indicates that external help is needed.

  • September 15, 1956

    Telegram from V. Ivanov to A.I. Mikoyan

  • September 17, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan reports on an unsuccessful meeting with a number of Korean delegates, who had clearly been prepped for the conversation, making them reluctant to go beyond instructions and provide more detailed responses about the August Plenum Incident.

  • September 19, 1956

    Draft of Record of a Meeting between the Soviet and Chinese Delegations

    Mao Zedong reveals that several Korean Workers' Party members have been placed under arrest, including Pak Il-u, who is looked favorably upon by the CCP. Sino-North Korean relations have become strained as a result of Kim Il Sung's handling of the August incident. Mao admits to Mikoyan that the KWP leadership may not heed their advice, but they decide to send a joint delegation to Pyongyang the next morning.

  • September 21, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    A meeting with Kim Il Sung reveals the main goals of the Sino-Soviet delegation: to convince the Korean Workers' Party to move away from policies of repression and to repeal the order to expel the group of accused party officials. Kim agrees on repealing the expulsion order, but not for those who fled to China. Mikoyan asks that Sino-Soviet delegation be allowed to sit in on the presidium meeting the next day.

  • September 22, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan stresses that the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee needs to repeal the decisions reached at the August Plenum, and instead consider rehabilitating the accused party officials. The Korean Workers' Party commission agrees that a less harsh punishment would eliminate discord within the party.

  • September 23, 1956

    Resolution of the Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party

    The Korean Workers' Party Central Committee decides to rehabilitate those accused of planning a conspiracy against Kim Il Sung.

  • September 23, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan once again assures Kim Il Sung that the Sino-Soviet delegation's only motive in intervening is to help and advise the Korean Workers' Party. Kim vows to include the delegation's suggestions and the content of their discussions in the September Plenum. Mikoyan notes that Kim kept his promise at the plenary meeting that was held the next day.

  • September 23, 1956

    Minutes of the KWP CC Plenum Held on 23 September 1956

    The decision of the September Plenum is to rehabilitate the accused party members instead of removing them from the Korean Workers' Party. The session is attend by Mikoyan and Peng Dehuai.

  • September 25, 1956

    Mikoyan's Notes for the Central Committee Presidium Meeting

  • September 25, 1956

    Telegram from V. Ivanov to A.I. Mikoyan

  • September 26, 1956

    Telegram from Ponomarev to the CPSU Central Committee

    Peng Dehuai informs the Soviet delegation that the DPRK has not published the results of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Pllenum as promised. Peng suggests that if the DPRK fails to publish the resolutions, another joint delegation should be sent to Pyongyang.

  • September 27, 1956

    Telegram addressed to Mikoyan, 'With regards to Pak Il-u'

    This telegram lists identification numbers of five telegrams sent to Usov, Alekseevich, and Aleksandrov between November 11, 1955 and May 22, 1956 on the topic of Pak Il-u.

  • October 05, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to the Central Committee of the Korean Workers Party

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to CPSU Central Committee in which Ri writes about his disagreement with the decisions made at Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum in August 1956.