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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 13, 1969

    Aide-Memoire: Meeting with Hamdi O. Mouknass

    Hamdi Ould Mouknass praises Zhou Enlai as "a great statesman" and suggests that the People's Republic of China ought to gain entry into the United Nations.

  • December 05, 1969

    Note on the Conversation between the Honourable Minister and the Canadian Minister for Foreign Affairs Sharp, at NATO in Brussels

    Mitchell Sharp and Aldo Moro coordinate Canadian and Italian policies towards China and Taiwan.

  • September 07, 1970

    Urgent Note from the Conversation of Stefan Jedrychowski with the New PRC ambassador to Poland, Comrade Yao Guang

    Poland’s Foreign Minister reports that he informed the new PRC ambassador of Poland's interest in developing relations with China, adding that he believes the difficulties between China and other socialist countries to be temporary. The PRC ambassador responded by saying that "there are divergences between our countries" but that it should not prevent friendly state relations. The two also discussed Sino-Soviet relations, with the PRC ambassador stating that in that realm, there are divergences that cannot be resolved.

  • November 28, 1970

    Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Italian Republic and the People’s Republic of China

    Italy establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.

  • December 12, 1970

    Memorandum of Conversation between Romanian Deputy Premier Gheorghe Radulescu and Zhou Enlai during a Visit to China between 20-26 November 1970

    Gheorge Radulescu informs Zhou Enlai that the United States desires to improve Sino-US relations and discuss China's representation in the UN. Zhou states that China does not accept the proposal for Taiwan to remain a member of the UN as an autonomous region of China, because, in that case, other countries could ask that the same be done for Tibet and Xinjiang. Zhou notes the ongoing border disputes with the Soviet Union. Zhou also discusses Japan's growing economy and the threat of renewed Japanese militarism.

  • December 30, 1970

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department of Political Affairs, Asia-Oceania, Note, 'State of the Chinese Question after Canada and Italy’s Recognition of Beijing and After the UN Discussion'

    Following the normalization of relations between Canada and Italy and China, the French Foreign Ministry speculates how China's status at the United Nations may change in the near future.

  • February 26, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Internationally, ROK government voices concern about the UN's two-China policy. Domestically, the NDP accuses the government of suppressing the opposition party's election campaign.

  • June 11, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    The Park Chung Hee administration tries to normalize the student demonstration situation, which has led to the closing of many institutions, and to accept the admittance of communist China to the UN.

  • June 18, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Kuzbari updates Narasimhan on the UN Command's proposal to clear the DMZ for civilian use, the need to validate ROK's accusations against North Korean seaborne attacks, Japan's view that ROK should adapt to communist China's entry into the UN, and the changing liberal attitude of the Korean people in regards to unification.

  • August 02, 1971

    Record of the Meeting Between Leonid Brezhnev and East European Party Leaders in the Crimea (Including Discussion on China)

    This record of the Crimean meeting between General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev of the Soviet Communist Party and East European party leaders addresses Soviet domestic and foreign policies. Also discussed is China's anti-Soviet attitude. Brezhnev mentions the negative reactions of Korea and Vietnam to US President Richard Nixon's planned visit to China. The participants at the meeting are in favor of intensifying relations with Japan. Further discussions focus on the possibility of China joining the UN. All participants at the meeting criticize Nicolae Ceauşescu's visit to China as damaging the interests of the Warsaw Pact. Romania is said to support China's politics towards Albania and Yugoslavia.

  • November 10, 1971

    Letter, Ozbudun to Narasimhan, "ROK Troop Withdrawal from Viet-Nam"

    The ROK government announces their Vietnam troop wtihdrawal plans. Ozbudun believes the plan is connected to the PRC's entry into the UN.

  • November 10, 1971

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Ozbudun updates Narasimhan on the ROK government's plan to lift suspension of schools, the National Assembly's inspection of all government departments, the emergence of a bipartisan ROK foreign policy in connection with the PRC's entry to the UN, and the "Resolution on the Preservation of National Interest."

  • November 11, 1971

    Letter, Ozbudun to Narasimhan, "PRC's Entry into the United Nations: Repercussions"

    ROK doubts are rising due to the PRC's entry into the UN. Many debate ROK's position in connection with UNCURK and UNC.

  • November 23, 1971

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Ozbudun updates Narasimhan on domestic and international affairs in ROK. The 9th preliminary Red Cross talks made no progress. The ROK government worries that PRC's entry in the UN will affect the UN Korean question discussion. A Russian reporter may visit Seoul to sound out potential trade relations. Japan decides to forgo trade and banking relations with North Korea.

  • November 29, 1971

    Letter, Ozbudun to Narasimhan

    In connection with the issue of two Chinas in the UN, Kim Dae Jung proposes an ROK national effort toward national unification by precluding war and consideration of simultaneous entry of the two Koreas into the UN.

  • January 16, 1972

    Note from the Visit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Delegation in the USSR

    These notes highlight some foreign relation issues facing Poland, China, and the Soviet Union. Current opinions and practices are mentioned, as well as previous actions.

  • April 19, 1972

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Pak Seong-cheol tells his Hungarian colleagues that the Park Chung Hee regime is facing crises internally as well as externally.

  • May 10, 1972

    Telegram from the Northeast Asia Department, 'Handling of the Korea issue in the United Nations (Draft)'

    The Northeast Asia Department at the Japanese Foreign Ministry reports on the Korea question at the UN, inter-Korean relations, and political developments inside of the two Koreas.

  • July, 1972

    Information from Consultative Meeting about China July 3-5, 1972 on International Policy and Internal Situation of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) under Current Conditions

    A lengthy document that addresses several issues related to Communism and China. It covers such topics as Chinese foreign policy, Chinese and American relations, Maoism, Chinese policy regarding developing countries, capitalist countries and other socialist countries.

  • September 05, 1972

    Discussion Points from the Meeting with Zhou Enlai

    Discussion points from Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim's meeting with Zhou Enlai