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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 07, 1969

    Handwritten Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs

    In response to a note from the Chinese Embassy in Paris, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Pietro Nenni acknowledges that there is only China.

  • April 25, 1969

    Telegram Number 1797/1800, 'Chinese Foreign Policy'

    The French Ambassador to London reports that China is eager to open up diplomatic relations with Italy and Canada and to enter into negotiations with the United States.

  • June 03, 1969

    Telegram from Aurel Duma to Corneliu Manescu Concerning the Information Passed to Chinese Foreign Ministry Regarding the Organization of the 10th Romanian Communist Party Congress and the Intention of Certain American Senators to Visit China

    Telegram from Aurel Duma to Corneliu Manescu regarding the former's meeting with Qiao Guanhua. He presented Guanhua with the decisions of the 10th RCP Congress and later they discuss Taiwan, specifically the United State's military presence in the Taiwan Straits. Additionally, Guanhua notes that, like the United States, the USSR seems to support the Two Chinas idea.

  • September 30, 1969

    Letter no. 428 from Franco Maria Malfatti to Aldo Moro

    Malfatti reports his observations of the Chinese ambassador, who displayed a strong position against the Soviet Union and Taiwan.

  • September 30, 1969

    Letter no. 429 from Franco Maria Malfatti to Aldo Moro

    Malfatti reports on his impression of the prospects of negotiations with the Chinese in regards to establishing diplomatic relations.

  • October 01, 1969

    Letter from Aldo Moro to Franco Mario Malfatti

    Moro discusses the ongoing negotiations at the UN concerning the recognition of the People's Republic of China.

  • November 05, 1969

    Note Number 969 from M. Jacques Roux to Maurice Schumann, 'Divided Countries: Germany and China'

    M. Jacques Roux describes and compares West German-East German relations and China-Taiwan relations, reporting that, as Beijing opens up with Western countries, it is concurrently demanding that they break relations with Taipei.

  • November 17, 1969

    Aldo Moro’s Notes on Letter no. 61

    Moro considers the different options in regards to establishing relations with the People's Republic of China and maintaining relations with Taiwan.

  • December 05, 1969

    Note on the Conversation between the Honourable Minister and the Canadian Minister for Foreign Affairs Sharp, at NATO in Brussels

    Mitchell Sharp and Aldo Moro coordinate Canadian and Italian policies towards China and Taiwan.

  • September 07, 1970

    Urgent Note from the Conversation of Stefan Jedrychowski with the New PRC ambassador to Poland, Comrade Yao Guang

    Poland’s Foreign Minister reports that he informed the new PRC ambassador of Poland's interest in developing relations with China, adding that he believes the difficulties between China and other socialist countries to be temporary. The PRC ambassador responded by saying that "there are divergences between our countries" but that it should not prevent friendly state relations. The two also discussed Sino-Soviet relations, with the PRC ambassador stating that in that realm, there are divergences that cannot be resolved.

  • November 03, 1970

    Letter from President Giuseppe Saragat to Aldo Moro

    President Saragat discusses the dilemma between recognizing mainland China and respecting the sovereignty of Taiwan.

  • November 28, 1970

    Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Italian Republic and the People’s Republic of China

    Italy establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.

  • December 12, 1970

    Memorandum of Conversation between Romanian Deputy Premier Gheorghe Radulescu and Zhou Enlai during a Visit to China between 20-26 November 1970

    Gheorge Radulescu informs Zhou Enlai that the United States desires to improve Sino-US relations and discuss China's representation in the UN. Zhou states that China does not accept the proposal for Taiwan to remain a member of the UN as an autonomous region of China, because, in that case, other countries could ask that the same be done for Tibet and Xinjiang. Zhou notes the ongoing border disputes with the Soviet Union. Zhou also discusses Japan's growing economy and the threat of renewed Japanese militarism.

  • December 30, 1970

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department of Political Affairs, Asia-Oceania, Note, 'State of the Chinese Question after Canada and Italy’s Recognition of Beijing and After the UN Discussion'

    Following the normalization of relations between Canada and Italy and China, the French Foreign Ministry speculates how China's status at the United Nations may change in the near future.

  • February 26, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Internationally, ROK government voices concern about the UN's two-China policy. Domestically, the NDP accuses the government of suppressing the opposition party's election campaign.

  • March 22, 1972

    Memorandum of Conversation between Richard Nixon and Zhou Enlai

  • February 27, 1972

    Joint Communique between the United States and China

    The United States and China pledge to improve relations with one another in the famous "Shanghai Communique."

  • April 15, 1972

    Telegram from the Director of Department II to the Ambassador in Beijing regarding the Conversation with Chinese Diplomats in Moscow

    A Polish diplomat reports on new developments in Chinese foreign policy toward Europe, Japan, and Indonesia.

  • July 27, 1972

    Record of the First Meeting between Takeiri Yoshikatsu and Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai met with Takeiri Yoshikatsu and he mentioned the international status of Taiwan while claiming that "the realization of relations between Japan and China is the desire of all citizens."

  • July 28, 1972

    Record of the Second Meeting between Takeiri Yoshikatsu and Zhou Enlai

    During a conversation with Takeiri, Zhou Enlai questioned the news from Tokyo Shimbun which emphasized that the state of war between Japan and China had ended. In addition, he mentioned the international status of Taiwan and the Vietnam War.