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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 09, 1965

    [Mao Zedong's] Conversation with American Journalist [Edgar] Snow

    This is a Chinese translation of an article that Edgar Snow wrote after he met with Mao for four hours. Topics that they touched on included: anti-imperialism around the world, the National Liberation Front in South Vietnam, the possibility of normalizing Sino-US relations, the atomic bomb, and Khrushchev.

  • January 20, 1965

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Political Consultative Committee of the Warsaw Pact Member States, Warsaw

    (Excerpts) Minutes of discussions of the Warsaw Pact Political Consultative Committee concerning non-proliferation. The Romanian delegation argues against a joint declaration of the Warsaw Pact on non-proliferation for fear that it might be used against China. The other delegations argue that a joint declaration is necessary in order to prevent the creation of the Multilaterall Nuclear Force proposed by NATO.

  • January 20, 1965

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Political Consultative Committee of the Warsaw Pact Member States, Warsaw

    Romanian meeting minutes of Warsaw Pact Political Consultative Committee meeting concerning non-proliferation.

  • April 23, 1965

    Intelligence Note from Thomas L. Hughes to the Secretary, 'Will Communist China Assist Other Nations in Acquiring Nuclear Weapons?'

    Only months after China’s first nuclear test in October 1964, INR looked into whether Beijing would help other nations get the bomb.

  • May 10, 1965

    Letter from Zhang Aiping, et al., to Zhou Enlai and Luo Ruiqing on the Nuclear Test

    On May 10, Chinese military officials confirm that they are prepared to detonate an aerial nuclear explosion but, due to unfavorable weather conditions, must postpone the test until May 12 or 13.

  • May 11, 1965

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong on the Nuclear Test

    Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong that favorable weather conditions will allow them to carry out the aerial nuclear test explosion. An official statement for the press has also been prepared.

  • May 15, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria, 'Reflections on China’s Second Nuclear Test'

    The Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria reports how representatives from throughout the socialist bloc in Bulgaria responded to China's second nuclear test.

  • May 15, 1965

    Cable from the Military Attache of the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Reactions to China's Second Nuclear Explosion'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports reactions from students and military personnel in the USSR to China's second nuclear test.

  • May 16, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Reaction to China's Second Successful Nuclear Test'

    The Chinese Embassy in Pyongyang reports the enthusiastic responses of North Koreans to China's second nuclear test.

  • May 16, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Poland to International Liaison Department and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'A Few Polish and Czech Reactions to Our Second Nuclear Bomb Test Explosion'

    The Chinese Embassy in Poland assesses the responses to the Chinese nuclear test among socialist countries in Eastern Europe.

  • May 17, 1965

    Letter from the Mayor of Nagasaki to Premier Zhou Enlai

    The Mayor of Nagasaki expresses regret over China's second nuclear test.

  • May 19, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'Reaction to China's Second Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia describing positive responses of Indonesian government officials, media and public regarding China's second nuclear test.

  • May 19, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan, 'Reactions to China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan describes different responses of Pakistani government officials and foreign government diplomats in Pakistan regarding China's first nuclear weapons test.

  • May 21, 1965

    Zhou Enlai’s Speech at the War Planning Meeting of the Central Military Commission

    Zhou Enlai’s Speech at the War Planning Meeting discussing China’s atomic testing

  • May 21, 1965

    Politburo Talk by Zhou Enlai on Receiving a Group of Central Military Commission Operational Meeting Comrades

    Speaking at the Politburo, Zhou Enlai explains how nuclear weapons capabilities have won China newfound admiration in the non-aligned world and instilled fear in the other nuclear powers, particularly the United States and Soviet Union.

  • May 29, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Reactions to China's Second Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to Chinese Embassies noting foreign countries' responses to China's second nuclear test.

  • June 09, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Soviet Revisionists Handling of and Response to China's Second Nuclear Explosion'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports responses to the second Chinese nuclear test among Soviet news agencies, upper and middle class citizens, and students.

  • August 30, 1965

    Note, P. S. Ratnam, 'Starred Question No. 8196 for 30-8-1965 in Lok Sabha'

    The Indian Ministry of Defense evaluated the impact of the Chinese nuclear explosion and reported that the more immediate and real Chinese threat comes from conventional arms. The Chinese nuclear test poses a long term military threat, but its strategic implication and India's consequent actions require constant review.

  • September 18, 1965

    National Science Committee, Briefings on Receiving Foreign Guests, No. 1

    Description of the first meeting between members of a special team at the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the visiting Atomic Energy Group of the Indonesian Economic Delegation. The Indonesian delegation explains that the main goal of the delegation's China visit is to understand the status of China's research on atomic energy, making a number of requests to visit and learn about relevant atomic laboratories, nuclear reactors, and potentially send staff to research together with Chinese experts.

  • September 20, 1965

    National Science Committee, Briefings on Receiving Foreign Guests, No. 2

    Report on the second meeting with the Atomic Energy Group of the Indonesian Economic Delegation. The head of the delegation asks to visit factors and labs that select uranium ore and process raw materials into fuel. In negotiations, the Indonesian side proposes longterm cooperation between Indonesia and China on atomic energy, and protective measures against nuclear radiation.