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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 15, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Background to the Polish Imposition of Martial Law'

    Report comes after the declaration of martial law, and takes intelligence from a former Polish General Staff Officer to illuminate some of the details that went into the planning of martial law.

  • December 18, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Influence Among the Current Polish Leadership and Composition of the Council of National Salvation'

    Report elaborates on how the imposition of martial law makes the Polish government more reliant on Soviet authorities.

  • December 21, 1981

    Central Intelligence Agency, 'Background to Present Situation in Poland and Possible Soviet Role'

    Report outlines the various factors leading up to martial law, including Soviet influence, possible Warsaw Pact intervention, and possible public backlash.

  • December 24, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Pressure on Polish Government to Act Against the Polish Church'

    Report discusses how after breaking Solidarnosc resistance, the next most important part of maintaining power is to lessen the influence of the Catholic Church. The Soviets propose tactics such as smear campaigns against priests, paternity suits, and getting priests drunk.

  • December 24, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Possible Polish Strategy During the Present Phase'

    Report takes information from a former Polish General. He discusses efforts to strike a deal with leaders of Solidarnosc (Solidarity) to oust extremists and set up a new "Worker's Solidarity" organization to take protests against the government off the streets.

  • January 02, 1982

    Untitled report from Leon Tomaszewski, Polish Ambassador in Pyongyang, describing his conversation with Kim Il Sung that took place on December 30th, 1981

    In conversation with Com. Tomaszewski, Kim Il Sung analyzed Poland's declaration of martial law.

  • January 08, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Possible Future Phases of Martial Law'

    Report details further steps in the martial law process. Such as alleviating military pressure when regions are sufficiently calm, improving economic conditions and increased Soviet influence.

  • January 20, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Contacts between Polish Military and Politburo Officials'

    Report tracks some correspondence between military and Politburo, compares and contrasts positions, and Soviet influence.

  • January 25, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Penetration of the Polish Military'

    Cable discusses the influence of the Soviets in the Polish military, including their seemingly unlimited access to confidential material and intelligence. It also lists important Soviet officers.

  • January 27, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Pressure on Polish Leaders to Impose Martial Law'

    Report details interactions between Polish and Soviet military officials, including angry phone calls between Gen. Jaruzelski and Brezhnev.

  • January 28, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Measures Taken to Ensure Reliability of Polish Conscripts'

    Report addresses Polish leadership concerns of Solidarnosc influence on young conscripts in the Polish army. It includes solutions such as isolating younger people in more rural stations and separating them into sub units.

  • January 29, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Relationship between the Polish Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Internal Affairs'

    Cable includes information on the acceptance of KGB advisors, military appointments, and resistance to Soviet penetration.

  • February 26, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Comments on a Recent Photograph of the Polish Military Council of National Salvation'

    Report analyzes power dynamics and change in the Polish military from a photo TIME magazine published in their February 1, 1982 issue.

  • April 05, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'The Polish National Defense Committee'

    Report outlines the various components of the National Defense Committee (KOK) including its Secretariat, leadership, and possible consequences.

  • May 13, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Relationship between Soviet Military Representation to Poland and the Polish General Staff'

    Report explains the previously waning influence of Soviet officers on the Polish military, discussing their housing, decreasing size and role in the Polish armed forces.

  • January 01, 1983

    Central Intelligence Agency, 'Jaruzelski's Attitude, Behavior, and Style'

    Details Jaruzelski's personal habits, style, and evolving political views.

  • June 24, 1984

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Attitudes of the Polish Ministry of Defense and Soviet Military Positions in Connection with the Current Political Situation in Poland'

    Report discusses conflicting reports from the Polish and Soviet governments on the stationing of troops in Poland.

  • August 19, 1989

    Soviet Ambassador to Romania E. M. Tyazhel'nikov, Record of a Conversation with N. Ceauşescu and Message for Gorbachev

    Ambassador Tyazhel'nikov relays a message for Gorbachev from Ceauşescu in which he expresses concern about events in Poland and Tadeusz Mazowiecki's appointment as Prime Minister. Ceauşescu argued strongly that the socialist states "must decisively come forth in a united front in order to prevent the formation of a Solidarity-led government in Poland."

  • August 21, 1989

    Resolution of the CPSU CC Politburo No. 132, 'Regarding the Appeal of Cde. Ceauşescu'

    The CPSU CC rejects Ceauşescu's proposal that the Warsaw Pact and CMEA convene to discuss the situation in Poland, stating "each of our parties and each of our states are in a position now to decide this matter for themselves, without the need to hold a multilateral meeting."

  • August 21, 1989

    Transcript of Meeting of the Executive Politburo of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party

    Ceauşescu and the Romanian Executive Politburo discuss events in Poland in August 1989 and Ceauşescu's message to the other socialist countries concerning it.