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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1975

    Materials from the 4th Army for the Exercise Critique Group for Soyuz-75

    This document is an evaluation of the effectiveness and applicability of the Soyuz-75 military exercise. According to the author, Division General Wojciech Baranski, Soyuz-75 was a success. The experience gained from the exercise will be used in future military training.

  • January 22, 1975

    Protocol on steps to increase coordination between the Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior and the Soviet Ministry of the Interior in 1975

    This agreement provides for short visits by employees of the Czechoslovak and Soviet Interior Ministries in the other country in order to share knowledge in the areas of criminology, security, scientific experimentation and academia. The two parties agree to semiannual exchanges on the most major security and criminal issues faced in each country. Dates for conferences are set and the number and titles of publications for exchange are listed. These publications concern security matters, criminology, military information and crime statistics.

  • March, 1975

    Task for the Operational Command Staff Exercise Soyuz-75 for the 4th Army

    This document outlines the politico-military situation in advance of a 17-25 March 1975 operational command staff exercise. The exercise scenario begins with a conventional offensive initiated by the 'Westerners' at 0600 on 17 March which escalated to a theater nuclear war by 19 March. This briefing document for exercise participants describes the military situation as of the morning of 19 March, including the tactical information on the geographic disposition, activities, and status of Warsaw Pact and 'Western' forces, air defense, communications, electronic warfare, and the situation in the rear. Appendices (included as a .pdf) contain detailed information on: The order of battle of the troops of the 4th Army, The availability of nuclear warheads and surface-to-air missiles [SAMs] in the 4th Army, Information about the nuclear strikes of the "Westerners," Information about the nuclear strikes by the "Easterners" on troops and objectives in the "Westerners" rear, Information about the engineer troops of the 4th Army, Information about the chemical troops of the 4th Army, Information about the signal troops of the 4th Army, Information about the rear of the 4th Army, The order of battle and the identified numbering of the formations and units of the "Westerners."

  • March 07, 1975

    Plan on joint counter-intelligence measures between the KGB and Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior from summer 1975 until 1977

    This agreement outlines cooperation on security issues concerning hostile ideological centers, emigrant groups and anti-socialist, anti-Soviet, revisionist and nationalist groups. Also discussed in detail are ecclesiastical organizations, the alteration of informational and occupational gatherings between the two countries and scientific, cultural and students exchanges.

  • March 19, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Combat Instruction for Radioelectric Warfare of the Maritime Front

    As part of the Soyuz-75 military exercise, this document provides the Warsaw Pact Maritime Front with information regarding radio communications.

  • March 19, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Instruction of the Chief of Staff of the Maritime Front

    Part of the Soyuz-75 military exercise, this document instructs the Warsaw Pact Maritime Front leadership to educate their troops on local topography and to distribute maps of the region.

  • March 19, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Combat Instruction No. 2 for Reconnaissance of the Maritime Front

    This document describes the present military situation in Europe as part of the "Soyuz-75" military exercise. Having inflicting damage on NATO with nuclear strikes, the Polish Maritime Front must now gauge the current condition and location of Western military forces in Europe.

  • March 19, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Intelligence Information No. 1

    As part of the Soyuz-75 exercise, this document provides intelligence on Western forces and an evaluation of the current military situation.

  • March 19, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Operational Directive No. 2 of the Maritime Front

    This document chronicles continuing developments in the hypothetical "Soyuz-75" military exercise. After two days of battle, Eastern forces have overpowered the West. However, due to the deployment of nuclear weapons, the zone between the rivers Elbe and Oder has become radioactive. In light of the possibility that the West may soon deploy reserve forces, the document directs the Polish Maritime Front to plan an offensive towards Berlin, Hannover, and Brussels with the goal of defeating Western forces in northern West Germany. By the end of March, the Maritime Front is to occupy the Jutland peninsula and reach the North Sea coast at the border of France. Finally, the document directs the Maritime Front to a defense of its position on the North Sea and prescribes the use of nuclear weapons against enemy forces.

  • March 19, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Combat Order No. 1 of the 4th Army

    This document describes the locations, movements, and goals of Warsaw Pact forces in their theoretical confrontation with NATO under the "Soyuz-75" military exercise.

  • March 21, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Combat Instruction No. 5 for Radioelectric Warfare of the Maritime Front

    This document provides combat instructions to Warsaw Pact military forces as part of the military exercise Soyuz-75.

  • March 22, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Combat Instruction No. 1 of the Maritime Front

    This document describes the developing military situation in the hypothetical "Soyuz-75" military exercise. The Polish Maritime Front has successfully defeated NATO after five days of battle and reached the Weser River in Germany, which empties into the North Sea. However, Western forces retain the capacity to remobilize. Therefore, the document directs the Maritime Front to establish a defense of its position on the North Sea.

  • March 24, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Combat Instruction No. 17 for Radioelectronic Warfare of the Maritime Front

    Part of the Soyuz-75 military exercise, this document updates the Warsaw Pact Maritime Front on the status of enemy communications capabilities. Due to their use of a nuclear weapon and conventional warfare, the Warsaw Pact forces have successfully disrupted enemy communication. The Maritime Front is now ordered to "suppress enemy radio relay communications" during impending military confrontations.

  • March 24, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Instructions

    In this hypothetical scenario, enemy forces have attacked Maritime Front troops with nuclear and chemical weapons. This document directs the troop leadership to modify their route to avoid contaminated areas, decontaminate all contaminated units, and repair and/or replenish their chemical equipment.

  • March 24, 1975

    Military Exercise Soyuz-75 Combat Instruction No. 04 of the Maritime Front

    Part of the Soyuz-75 military exercise, this document provides the Warsaw Pact Maritime Front with information on enemy losses and opportunities to mount an offensive strike. In this hypothetical scenario, the Maritime Front is charged with destroying enemy airfields, advancing westward, and occupying the North Sea coast, where their troops and allied navies will establish a defense of their position.

  • December 11, 1975

    Cooperative plan between the Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior and the Soviet KGB from the summer of 1976 to 1980

    This cooperation agreement seeks to use Czechoslovak-Soviet cooperation as a means to achieve the following objectives: (1) subverting attempts by hostile factions to infiltrate both countries' national and joint staff and military bodies having access to classified military information; (2) detection and obstruction of attempts by state enemies to carry out subversive acts against national and joint armed forces; (3) perfection of counter-intelligence security actions by the Warsaw Treaty united command; and (4) prevention and timely detection of possible leaks of classified information.

  • June 04, 1976

    Agreement between the Czechoslovak and Soviet Ministries of the Interior on cooperation from the summer of 1976 until 1980

    This plan focuses on developing and strengthening bilateral ties between the two countries in the areas of science, technology, security operations and criminology. It also calls for the sharing of best practices of propaganda methods, roadway security and oversight, education of government officials and administrative organization of bureaus such as the Ministry of the Interior. Provisions are made to exchange methods designed to improve the systems of permit, passport and visa issuance and registration of aliens. The sharing of best practices to reduce alcohol abuse, vagrancy, recidivism and youth crime is discussed as well.

  • August 30, 1976

    Cooperative agreement between the Interior Ministry of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Soviet Union KGB

    The Czechoslovak and Soviet security branches agreed to cooperate in the acquisition of documents and the sharing of information on hostile persons. The two parties committed to favorable relations within international organizations and joint counter-intelligence measures, articulating a focus on improving intelligence and counter-intelligence on the U.S. and its allies and China. Both parties vow to assist each other in illegal intelligence work and in the counter-intelligence monitoring of persons working for embassies, international firms or otherwise engaged in economic relations. The Czechoslovaks and Soviets agree to coordinate actions before providing assistance to security programs in developing countries, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Vietnamese Socialist Republic.

  • September 06, 1976

    Military Exercise Tarcza-76 Instruction No. 1 of the Northern Front for Protection Against Weapons of Mass Destruction

    This document describes a Warsaw Pact military exercise. The document describes the enemy's weapons of mass destruction capabilities, particularly with regards to nuclear weapons.

  • 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Disarmament'

    This note my the Italian Foreign Ministry discusses the growing tensions caused by the ongoing arms race and introduces different disarmament strategies suggested by the Soviet Union, Denmark, and the Warsaw Pact.