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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 17, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Conference Bulletin No. 10

    A roster of delegations attending the meeting of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League in Chinhae, Korea.

  • July 12, 1954

    State Department Endorses American Committee for Liberation Mission Statement

    Lampton Berry conveys to Allen Dulles the State Department’s endorsement of the revised AMCOMLIB mission statement of April 21, 1954 ["Revised American Committee for Liberation Mission Statement"].

  • July 22, 1954

    American Committee for Liberation Mission Statement Criticized

    CIA official Richard Bissell criticizes the April 21, 1954, AMCOMLIB mission statement ["Revised American Committee for Liberation Mission Statement"], now endorsed by the State Department, as postulating far reaching goals without identifying the means necessary to achieve them.

  • July 22, 1954

    US Government Policy for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

    An annex to the Operations Coordinating Board (OCB) “169 Study” on U.S. international communications reviews the goals and effectiveness of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty.

  • July 30, 1954

    American Committee for Liberation's Mission Redefined

    CIA official Thomas Braden restates American Committee for Liberation's redefined mission which puts American staff and not exile leaders in charge of exile broadcasters.

  • July 31, 1954

    Constitution of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League, Republic of China

    A nine-chapter constitution of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League for the Republic of China.

  • December, 1954

    Message, President Syngman Rhee to General Taylor and his forces

    In this Christmas Message, President Rhee addresses General Taylor and the US Forces. He praises the US troops for their victory against the communist aggression during the Korean War. Rhee recognizes America for continuing to “defend human liberty” not only in Korea but in all of Asia. Rhee ends the message with the goal of creating a “free, united, and democratic” Korea.

  • March 09, 1955

    Materials from the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Conference, Manila

    Speeches, meeting minutes, and other materials from the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Conference held in Manila in March 1955.

  • March 21, 1955

    Letter, Young P. Lee to Major General D.A.D. Ogden

    Chairman of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League Central Liaison Office Young P. Lee thanks General Ogden for supporting the anti-communist struggle in the Ryukyu Islands.

  • May 25, 1955

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation with Mao Zedong, 25 May 1955

    A conversation between Mao Zedong and Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin. Among topics of discussion were developments on the Gao Gang Affair and anti communist activities in China.

  • September 01, 1955

    Radio Liberty's Effectiveness Appraised

    Stanford University communications expert Wilbur Schramm reviews the effectiveness of Radio Liberty after two and a half years of broadcasting.

  • March 05, 1956

    A Brief History of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League

    A test edition of "A Brief History of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League."

  • March 13, 1956

    German Concerns about Free Europe Committee Balloon Leaflet Operations

    West German Ambassador Heinz Krekeler shares his government’s concerns about Free Europe Committee (FEC) balloon operations with Deputy Undersecretary of State Robert Murphy and FEC President Whitney Shepardson.

  • March 28, 1956

    Budapest Legation Dispatch No. 372, Radio Free Europe Hungarian Broadcasts Appraised

    In Budapest Legation Dispatch No. 372, two Hungarian-speaking officers appraise the content and reception quality of Radio Free Europe (RFE) Hungarian broadcasts. They rate newscasts higher than commentaries and features

  • June 15, 1956

    Memorandum on Evaluation of Radio Free Europe by US Legation in Hungary

    CIA official Cord Meyer, chief of the International Organizations Division (IOD), notes that the Budapest Legation’s appraisal [Budapest Legation Dispatch No. 372 and Budapest Dispatch 427, May 23, 1956] is more positive than media commentary at the time [Cyrus Sulzberger’s May 14 commentary in The New York Times; letter to the editor response by FEC official Louis Galantier, June 2, 1956.]

  • July 03, 1956

    National Security Council, NSC 5608, Draft of “US Policy toward the Soviet Satellites in Eastern Europe”

    Staff draft of NSC 5608, concluding that ferment in the Communist world provides new opportunities to challenge Soviet control. A draft annex called for “encouraging evolutionary change” and defined as tasks of RFE and RL (and other USG-funded media) “avoiding any incitement to premature revolt” while “seeking to maintain faith in the eventual restoration of freedom.” Redacted document 76, FRUS, 1955-1957, XXV, unredacted document 12, Csaba Békés, Malcolm Byrne, and János M. Rainer, The 1956 Hungarian Revolution: A History in Documents (Budapest: Central European University Press, 2002.)

  • July 13, 1956

    National Security Council Discussion of Policy Toward Eastern Europe

    Senior officials discuss US policy at a National Security Council (NSC) principals' meeting on July 12. Notwithstanding less cautionary views expressed by Vice President Nixon at the NSC discussion, on July 18 President Eisenhower approved a minor modification of the draft (NSC 5608 and the annex) as NSC 5608/1 to serve as a basic statement of U.S. policy (published as redacted document 80, FRUS, 1955-57, XXV ; unredacted document 17, Békés, Byrne, and Rainer, The 1956 Hungarian Revolution).

  • August 07, 1956

    Agreed Policy Governing Radio Free Europe Operations

    CIA and Free Europe Committee (FEC) restate policy for Radio Free Europe in the context of the 1956 upheaval in the Communist world.

  • September 06, 1956

    CDS Report No. 17 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on his participation in the National Day of the Tree inspection tour and discusses Vietnamese relations with India, China, and Japan.

  • October 16, 1956

    Reports of the Committees, Asian Youth & Students Anti-Communist Conference

    Reports from the Organization Committee, the Women's Committee, the Mass Media Committee, the Joint Study Committee, and the Cultural Exchange Committee of the Asian Youth and Students Anti-Communist Conference.