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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 13, 1952

    Report on the Korean War, the Armistice Negotiations, and the Domestic Situation in Korea

    A letter addressed to Feder reports on the Korean War, peace negotiations, and the domestic situation in Korea, calling for larger assistance on Romania's part.

  • July 07, 1952

    Cable, Vyshinsky to Molotov [Top Secret]

    Vyshinsky reports the proposals of a Chinese-Korean delegation concerning an armistice in Korea and Korean POW's.

  • July 07, 1952

    [Top Secret] Cable from Vyshinsky to Molotov

    Proposals of the Chinese-Korean delegation concerning POWs during the armistice negotiations.

  • July 16, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram No. 4018 from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Krasovsky

    Stalin agrees with Mao's position on repatriation and says Kim Il Sung agrees as well.

  • July 17, 1952

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao expressing his and Kim Il Sung's agreement with Mao's bargaining position at the armistice talks.

  • August 25, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Stalin transmitting a series of telegrams between Mao and Kim Il Sung

    Telegram asking Stalin for his opinion on Kim Il Sung's and Mao's request to visit Moscow, and if he agrees to fulfill their request, would he please give instructions for sending a special plane to Beijing for informal transport of Kim Il Sung, Pak Hon-Yong, Peng Dehuai, and another eight people.

  • September 04, 1952

    Record of a Conversation between Stalin, Kim Il Sung, Pak Heon-yeong, Zhou Enlai, and Peng Dehuai

    Soviet, Chinese, and North Korean officials discuss the military situation in Korea and the status of armistice talks.

  • September 14, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong]

    Zhou and Stalin discuss the Korean War POW issue as well as the United Nations.

  • September 16, 1952

    Hand delivered note, Zhou Enlai to Stalin, conveying telegram From Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai

    Mao, via Zhou Enlai, informs Stalin of the position China means to take the discussion of the Korean question at the UN. Mao also asks Stalin’s advise about whether or not to sign non-aggression pacts with India and Burma.

  • September 16, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai updates Mao Zedong on the latest conversations with Stalin and other members of the Soviet leadership. Topics of discussion included Soviet technical assistance to China, developments in the Korean War, the United Nations, and the formation of a regional organization for Asia.

  • September 17, 1952

    Hand-delivered letter, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Letter from Stalin to Mao stating the position the USSR will take regarding the Mexican UN proposal, and stating his agreement with Mao regarding the issues of POW repatriation and diplomatic exchanges with India and Burma.

  • September 19, 1952

    Minutes of Conversation between I.V. Stalin and Zhou Enlai

    Conversation between Stalin and Zhou Enlai focusing on the Korean War. They discussed the exchange of POWs (and the Mexican proposal), peace negotiations, Chinese cooperation with India and Burma, and the creation of regional organizations. They also mentioned Germany (reunification), the situation/reforms in Xinjiang, Taiwan and Chiang Kaishek (Jiang Jieshi), and military aid.

  • November 03, 1952

    CPSU Politburo Decision with an Approved Message from Pushkin to Stalin

    Decision to approve the draft TASS publication denying the reported talks between the Soviet Union and the United States on the Korean issue.

  • December 31, 1952

    Report from the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for the Period of 20 November to 31 December 1952

    Jozef reports on the progress of the Korean War and improving domestic conditions in North Korea.

  • 1953

    Rules of Procedures Governing Explanations and Interviews by Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission

    In 1953 the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission was created in order to deal with the repatriation of thousands of prisoners of war. For those POWs who wished to not to repatriate, a series of explanations and interviews were held in order to allow them to choose their side in a neutral setting. This is a list of the general provisions of the commission which clarifies and explains who, how, and where these interviews would be held.

  • March 29, 1953

    Ciphered telegram from Kuznetsov and Fedorenko in Pyongyang

    Report that Kim Il Sung agrees that it is time to bring the war to an end, if not through military means than through negotiations.

  • March 31, 1953

    Statement of Molotov, Minister of Foreign Affairs on the Korean Question

    Molotov's statement on the Korean Question.

  • April 30, 1953

    Report No. 2 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland in the Democratic Republic of Korea for the Period of 1 March 1953 to 30 April 1953

    The Polish Embassy addresses North Korea's reactions toward Stalin's death, its domestic policies in line with the recommendations of the 5th Plenum of the KWP CC, and its stance towards the truce talks.

  • May 04, 1953

    Letter, General Duk Shin Choi to General William K. Harrison, Jr. on Civilian Internees

    From April 20 to May 3 1953, Operation Little Switch allowed the exchange of the sick and wounded prisoners of wars between the United Nations, North Korea, and China. In this letter, Major General Choi informs General Harrison that the communist have failed to return hundreds of U.N. POWs because of their broad interpretation of the agreement. General Choi provides a series of steps to improve this agreement but most importantly he urges that the terms “civilian internees” and “displaced person” should be clarified in the Draft Armistice Agreement.

  • May 23, 1953

    Letter by United Nations Commander Mark W. Clark to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on Solving the Prisoner of War Issue

    General Clark relays to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff the terms of the United Nations proposal to repatriate prisoners of war captured during the conflict in Korea. The agreement grants prisoners the right to refuse to be repatriated.