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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 30, 1950

    Draft Telegram from Chanfu (Bulganin) to Matveyev (Razuvayev)

    A response to Matveyev’s previous telegram approving the consolidation of power (as Supreme Commander in Chief and Defense Minister) to Kim Il Sung, the formation of six divisions, transport of ammunitions and fuel. Bulganin also unofficially advocates Kim’s plans to request aid from China.

  • September 30, 1950

    Memorandum from Gromyko to Stalin, 30 September 1950, with draft cable from Gromyko to Shtykov

    A message from Gromyko to Stalin relaying the assessment of Shtykov that it would be prudent for the Soviet Union to withdraw some nonessential embassy personnel and specialists from North Korea. Gromyko advises that withdrawals should be considered only in consultation with North Korea and the appropriate Soviet ministeries.

  • September 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Instantsia (Stalin)

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko and Stalin reporting the dire circumstances into which the North Koreans had fallen in the wake of the Incheon landings. Mentioned is a correspondence between the North Koreans and Mao which hinted at possible Chinese aid.

  • October 01, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai asking that they consider moving 5-6 divisions of Chinese volunteers to the China-DPRK border in order to give the North Koreans cover under which to reorganize their troops. Stalin explicitly states that he will not mention this idea to the North Koreans.

  • October 03, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Roshchin in Beijing to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin from the Soviet Army General Staff on combats with the US.

  • October 08, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to USSR Council of Ministers

    Telegram from the Ambassador of the USSR in the DPRK to the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR about the reaction of the North Korean leadership to his letter containing the announcement about the support for the war of the Korean people by the PRC and the Soviet Union.

  • October 09, 1950

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung to Stalin (via Shtykov)

    Kim Il Sung requests that Koreans living in the Soviet Union be trained there for service in the Korean Army, explaining that the strong presence of the American military in Korea will not allow for on-site training. Shytkov attached his support of Kim’s request in this telegram to Stalin.

  • October 13, 1950

    Telegram, from Gromyko to Stalin

    Account of the reception of the Chinese Ambassador Peng Dehuai. He requested that all Korean undergrad and graduate students be admitted to the Soviet summer schools, as well as Korean specialists who receive production and technical training in industrial settings the USSR (a total of 738 people). Gromyko notes that there are differences between the requests of Dehuai and Kim Il Sung, and that Dehuai has been asked to speak to Kim Il Sung, and clear up the differences.

  • October 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Feng Xi (Stalin)

    Shtykov describes the reactions of Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong to Stalin's telegram to postpone the evacuation of the troops to the north. (see also)

  • October 20, 1950

    Letter from Gromyko to Stalin on Korean Students in USSR

    Report of the decisions on the training of Korean students of aviation and telegraph operation, graduate students, and specialists. The Korean ambassador, Ju Yeon-ha, requested to be informed in the preparation of the students and to be able to ask questions about the training.

  • October 25, 1950

    Central Committee Politburo decision with approved directives to Foreign Minister Vyshinsky (at the United Nations in New York) and to Soviet Ambassador in Washington

    Memorandum from the VKP(b) CC to Vyshinksy and the Soviet Representative to the Far Eastern Commission ordering them to protest to their respective bodies in support of the DPRK, the use by the US of Japanese servicemen and military units in combat against DPRK forces.

  • November 01, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Shtykov

    Stalin wants to know in the North Korean government wants Soviet advisers, or if they would prefer to invite the Chinese.

  • November 13, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow

    Soviet advice to North Korea concerning the upcoming session of the UN General Assembly on the Korea issue.

  • November 17, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko, transmitting 16 November 1950 message form Kim Il Sung to Stalin

    Kim Il Sung asks to send Korean students over in order to learn flying and maintenance techniques.

  • November 29, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to the USSR First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs

    Telegram from the Ambassador of the USSR to the DPRK to the First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR about Sino-Korean talks about the trip of chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the DPRK to China.

  • December 04, 1950

    Memorandum of Conversation Between the Chinese Ambassador to the USSR and Gromyko

    Their discussion involves the idea of a definite Soviet victory in Korea, the failure of US soldiers and President Truman, the internal politics of the US; internal politics of China, the progress of the decision about Germany among the Soviets as well as other Western powers.

  • January 27, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, Conveying the 19 January 1951 Telegram from Peng Dehuai to Mao Zedong regarding Meetings with Kim Il Sung

    The telegram from Peng Dehuai discusses the results of a meeting with Kim Il Sung, including Kim Il Sung’s belief that the Korean People’s Army cannot defeat the Americans alone, the defense of the Korea's coast, the re-staffing of five corps, and preparations for soldiers to carry out work in the newly liberated areas.

  • January 29, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, conveying 28 January 1951 telegram from Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai

    A forward to Stalin of a message sent earlier by Mao to Peng Dehuai. It outlines operational plans for the PLA and KPA in and around Seoul and talks about the need to gain an advantageous military position with negotiations in mind.

  • January 30, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram No. 100269, Feng Xi [Stalin] to Comrade Razuvaev

    Telegram instructing Ambassador Razuvaev to discuss with Kim Il Sung details for reorganizing the KPA administrative and command structure.

  • February 03, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram No. 100320, Feng Xi [Stalin] to Razuvaev, for Cde. Kim Il Sung

    Stalin states that the Soviet Union has insufficient lead to supply China, Korea and itself, Stalin also asks for the exportation of lead ore from Korea to the USSR.