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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 10, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Recent Responses from the Soviet Revisionists to the Situation in Vietnam'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow offers a critical assessment of Soviet policy toward Vietnam.

  • April 16, 1965

    Minutes of the Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Premier Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung informs Zhou Enlai of the Korean-Indonesian talks, North Korea's views on the situation in Vietnam, and the visit to the DPRK by Sihanouk.

  • April 20, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to China S. V. Chervonenko and Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai on 13 April 1965 (excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai, in a conversation with Soviet Ambassador to the PRC, S. V. Chervonenko, draws parallels between the Algerian War for independence and the struggle of the Vietnamese people. Zhou Enlai recounts his conversation with Algerian leader Ben Bella about the Vietnam War.

  • April 20, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Premier Zhou and Bhutto

    Bhutto shares with Zhou the results of Ayub Khan's visit to the Soviet Union. He also discusses the problems that the Sino-Soviet split has created for Pakistan, Soviet military aid to India, and the Vietnam War.

  • April 25, 1965

    Note by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on a Conversation with Ambassadors of the Other Socialist States in the Soviet Embassy on 2 April 1965

    During the conversation, it is said that the United States is increasing its attacks and overall involvement in the Vietnam conflict. Additionally, Soviet Ambassador Shcherbakov tells Pham Van Dong how the Chinese continue to evade giving aid to Vietnam because they fear attack from the Americans.

  • May 12, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou and Nguyễn Minh Phương

    Zhou Enlai and Nguyen Minh Phuong discuss the possibility of convening an international conference on Cambodia.

  • May 12, 1965

    Note by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on a Joint Conversation with the Ambassadors from other Socialist Countries in the Hungarian Embassy on 4 May 1965

    Soviet Ambassador Ilya Shcherbakov informs a meeting of Socialist Ambassadors of Soviet-Vietnamese talks in Moscow. He notes that the United States realizes it does not have the international support for Vietnam that it had expected, and that the Soviet Union will continue to support Vietnam in the struggle. He argues that there is still much anti-Soviet propaganda in Vietnam, which comes from the Chinese, and points out three positions of the Chinese that he does not understand.

  • May 15, 1965

    Cable from the Military Attache of the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Reactions to China's Second Nuclear Explosion'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports reactions from students and military personnel in the USSR to China's second nuclear test.

  • May 16, 1965

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Nguyen Van Hieu and Nguyen Thi Binh

    Zhou Enlai addresses Nguyen Van Hieu and Nguyen Thi Binh concerning the steps to take should the US escalate in Vietnam and expand into China, comparing Vietnam to Korea.

  • May 30, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Some Practices of the Soviet Revisionists on the Vietnam Issue'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow claims Soviet support for Vietnam is merely "empty words."

  • June 03, 1965

    Note by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on a Conversation of Comrade Jarck with the Attache of the Czechoslovak Embassy, Comrade Freybort, on 2 June 1965, from 10:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m., in the East German Embassy [Excerpts]

    Conversation at the East German Embassy in Hanoi, where a Comrade Freybort speaks of the difficulties involved with organizing trilateral talks between the China, Vietnam, and the USSR. It is also mentioned that China criticized Vietnam for building diplomatic relations with the USSR, which China sees as an alliance with modern revisionists.

  • June 04, 1965

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere

    Zhou Enlai sees the current US involvement in the Congo as a serious situation, but, on a worldwide scale, Vietnam is much more serious.

  • June 08, 1965

    Oral Statement by the Head of the Department for the USSR and for the Countries of Eastern Europe of MFA PRC, Yu Zhan, Transmitted to the Embassy on 8 June 1965

    A Chinese response to a statement from the Soviet Union, arguing that the Soviets look only to extend their influence over Vietnam, and not to truly help it to defeat the United States. It points out several examples of Soviet aid to Vietnam, which China believes had ulterior motives.

  • June 09, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Activities of the Soviet Revisionists during the “Week of Solidarity with the People of Vietnam”'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow describes the "Week of Solidarity" in the Soviet Union, and claims that the Soviet support for Vietnam remains weak.

  • June 15, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Chairman Ho Chi Minh

    Zhou Enlai and Ho Chi Minh discuss preparations for the second Asian-African Conference and the potential participation of countries such as the Soviet Union, Malaysia, and India.

  • June 19, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Soviet Revisionists Continue to Play Both Sides on the Vietnam Issue'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports how the Soviet Union, on the one hand, supports the activities of the Vietnamese but, on the other hand, is pushing for "peace talks."

  • June 19, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou and Premier Sabry

    Zhou and Enlai and Ali Sabry discuss developments in Algeria, prospects for the Second Asian-African Conference, Egypt's tenuous food situation and trade relations with countries such as Argentina, Canada, and the US, and the latest news from Vietnam.

  • June 25, 1965

    Summary of Premier Zhou’s Conversation with President Nasser

    Nasser and Zhou discuss the different reactions across Asia and Africa to the proposed postponement of the Second Asian-African Conference. Nasser also queries Zhou about developments in Vietnam.

  • July, 1965

    Unofficial Translation of a Letter of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee to the Socialist Unity Party Central Committee

    Letter from the Soviet Central Committee which breaks down and lists the aid given to the Vietnamese by the Soviet Union.

  • July 09, 1965

    Note on a Conversation with an Unnamed Representative of the International Department of the CPSU CC on the Situation in Vietnam [Excerpts]

    An unnamed Soviet official explains that Chinese officers and advisors in Vietnam are discouraging the use of Soviet weapons, despite the fact that they are the most modern and effective.