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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April, 1977

    Abelardo Colomé to Senén Casas

    General Abelardo Colomé was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense.

  • April 01, 1977

    Memorandum of Meeting of South African Prime Minister Vorster, Pik Botha and Brand Fourie on Rhodesia

    Botha describes that neither South Africa nor Rhodesia can count on much support from the United States.

  • April 03, 1977

    Fidel Castro's 1977 Southern Africa Tour: A Report to Honecker (excerpt)

    The following excerpt--from a discussion on 3 April 1977 at the House of the SED Central Committee in East Berlin--contains Castro's impressions of the situations in several southern African countries, (e.g., Tanzania, Angola, Mozambique, People's Republic of the Congo), and several guerrilla or liberation groups in the region, such as the African National Congress (ANC), then struggling for power in South Africa, and two groups fighting to rule Zimbabwe-Rhodesia, the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and the Zimbabwe African Political Union (ZAPU). Also included are Castro's assessments of individual political leaders, remarks about coordination with Moscow, and an over-all conclusion that Africa was the place to inflict a major blow against world imperialism.

  • April 03, 1977

    Transcript of Meeting between East German leader Erich Honecker and Cuban leader Fidel Castro, East Berlin (excerpts)

    Transcript of a meeting between East German leader Erich Honecker and Cuban leader Fidel Castro, East Berlin (excerpts) regarding Castro’s visit to Somalia and Ethiopia, criticizing Siad Barre and discussing the need to help the revolution in Ethiopia

  • April 04, 1977

    Telegram 066502 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    In a telegram to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang describes Kim Il Sung's address to Koreans regarding the DPRK's economic and foreign relations accomplishments in 1976 as well as tasks for 1977.

  • April 05, 1977

    Telegram 066560 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports on the DPRK's concerns about agriculture in the spring of 1977.

  • April 07, 1977

    Plan for Collaboration between Bulgarian and Hungarian Military Counterintelligence Services in 1977–1980

  • May 10, 1977

    Letter from Deng Xiaoping to Chairman Hua Guofeng, Vice Chairman Ye Jianying, and the CCP Central Committee

    Deng Xiaoping offers a self-criticism and says that he endorses the policies of Hua Guofeng.

  • April 13, 1977

    Telegram 066567 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the discussion of bilateral relations between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, especially regarding the expansion of trade and technological cooperation.

  • April 15, 1977

    Informational Note on the Meeting of the Representatives of International Departments of Six Fraternal Parties

    The CPSU, PUWP, SED, CPCz, HWSP, and BCP met to discuss an upcoming conference devoted to the discussion of the “Problems of Peace and Socialism.” China was another focus of the meeting, particularly the implications of the expansion of its industrial-military complex.

  • April 22, 1977

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Vienna to Romulus Neagu

    Discussion from the meeting of the Committee for Administrative and Budgetary Matters of the IAEA.

  • May 09, 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Soviet Acting Charge d'Affaires in Ethiopia S. Sinitsyn and Political Counselor of the US Embassy in Ethiopia, Herbert Malin

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Acting Charge d'affaires in Ethiopia S. Sinitsyn and Political Counselor of the U.S. Embassy in Ethiopia, Herbert Malin regarding US policies towards Ethiopia and worries by the US about Soviet-Ethiopian rapprochement

  • May 10, 1977

    Letter from Roger Barltrop of British Embassy in Addis Ababa, 'The Derg'

    Information obtained by the British from an Ethiopian officer who defected to West Germany. His report shows the strong influence of the Soviet Union in the Derg at the time.

  • May 13, 1977

    CPSU CC to SED CC, Information on Visit of Mengistu Haile Mariam to Moscow

    CPSU CC to SED CC, Information on Visit of Mengistu Haile Mariam to Moscow regarding Soviet-Ethiopian relations, Somali-Ethiopian tensions, and the opinion that the Soviet Union should support Ethiopia

  • May 14, 1977

    Telegram 066595 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the US troop withdrawal plan from South Korea and South Korea's emphasis on international support for continued US military presence on the Korean peninsula.

  • May 18, 1977

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in the Soviet Union to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Soviet-DPRK economic relations make slow progress. The North Koreans continue to ask for a nuclear power plant, which the Soviets will not supply. Kim Il Sung is to make an official visit to Moscow.

  • May 20, 1977

    Bilateral relations between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang sends a telegram to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about preliminary preparations for President Tito's visit to the DPRK.

  • May 31, 1977

    Telegram 066623 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the efforts of Poland and other European socialist countries to befriend and include the DPRK in the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance.

  • June, 1977

    East German Report on the Ninth Interkit Meeting in Berlin, June 1977

    This report was issued after the ninth Interkit meeting in East Berlin, which featured an official Cuban delegation. The document addresses the Chinese question after the death of Mao Zedong. According to this report, the internal disputes inside the Chinese Communist Party persist under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping. The economic problems that China faces are still unresolved. In its foreign relations, China is staying the course by maintaining relations with Western countries, especially with the US. These relations are considered to be detrimental to international détente and directed against the interests of the Soviet Union and the Socialist countries.

  • June, 1977

    East German Report, 'China after Mao Zedong'

    This study gives an account on the domestic and foreign policies of China after the death of Mao Zedong. The first part of the document is dedicated to the domestic policies of the Chinese government. It analyzes the ideological backgrounds of the new leadership as well as the economic situation, while emphasizing unsolved problems in industry and agriculture. A closer look at Beijing's defense spending leads the authors to the conclusion that China is enhancing its military potential and preparing for war.