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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • November 16, 1973

    Speech to the Asian Games Federation Council by Hassan Rassouli, Secretary-General of the Iranian Organizing Committee

    Hassan Rassouli, secretary-general of the Iranian organizing committee and director-general of the governmental Iranian Physical Education Organization, makes a speech in support of the People's Republic of China's application to the Asian Games Federation. Rassouli offered a pan-Asian discourse that members could use to publically legitimize their pro-PRC decision by claiming that they were fighting against Western paternalism in sports affairs.

  • November 19, 1973

    Samesprekings tussen sy edele die minister van verdeding van Portugal en sy edele die minister van verdediging van Suid-Afrika te Lissabon, 29 November 1973

  • November 22, 1973

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Diplomats of the Soviet Bloc discuss relations between the two Koreas, and what would be necessary for reunification. Sino-Korean relations, and Chinese military aid to the DPRK are also discussed.

  • November 24, 1973

    Cable from Ambassador Pauls to the Foreign Office

    A cable from Ambassador Pauls about a meeting between Prime Minister Zhou Enlai and Federal Minister Genscher about Soviet expansionism and Europe’s defensive readiness.

  • November 26, 1973

    Telegram from New York to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 052312

    The document describes a consensus at the UN regarding the Korean issue after an understanding was reached between Kissinger and Zhou Enlai. Thea author observes that some of the US media believes that the US came to a compromise solution with China because Nixon wanted to avoid having more political issues.

  • November 26, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 61.530

    The telegram highlights the new South Korean effort to normalize relations with China and the USSR. Both Soviet and Chinese officials reject the overture from South Korea.

  • November 27, 1973

    Mike Malone to Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Pretoria, 'Angola: The Progress of the War'

  • December 03, 1973

    Memorandum of Conversation Between the First Secretary of the Soviet Embassy in East Berlin and the Head of the West Berlin Press Office on China's Intention to Establish a Trade Representation and Consulate in West Berlin

    This is a memorandum of a conversation between the first secretary of the Soviet embassy in East Berlin, Rodin, and the director of the West Berlin Press Office, Günter Struve, with regard to China's intention to establish a trade representation in West Berlin. Apart from stressing that by initiating diplomatic relations with West Berlin, China is not implicitly acknowledging the existing international agreements, Rodin makes clear that East Germany will not rescind the rules on obligatory currency exchange for citizens of Western states.

  • December 04, 1973

    Note of Conversation between Richard Nixon and Comrade Nicolae Ceausescu

  • December 04, 1973

    Memorandum of Conversation between Nicolae Ceausescu and President Nixon

    Ceasescu, Nixon and Kissinger discuss issues ranging from European security to the situation in the Middle East.

  • December 05, 1973

    Memorandum on the Reactions of the Americans to the Suggestions relayed on behalf of Yasser Arafat (Conveyed by the Secretary of State Henry Kissinger at the Reception given in the Evening of December 5, 1973)

    A memorandum reporting on the American feelings toward Palestine and the territorial lines for Israel and Jordan.

  • December 06, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 61.537

    The document describes how the North Koreans enthusiastically celebrated the consensus of Committee No. 1 over the Korean issue in the UN; however, Lazar believes that the Korean leadership has not actually grasped the full implications of the decision. In addition, the telegram describes how Pyongyang's attempt to reassert control over South Korean islands close to the North Korean shores in the Yellow Sea has created friction between the two countries. The author also mentions that North Korean support for the student movements in South Korea legitimized Seoul's harsher crackdown on the dissident movements.

  • December 06, 1973

    Agreement on Cooperation between the Stasi and the KGB, 6 December 1973

    1973 agreement between the Stasi and the KGB outlining their cooperative efforts to fight "ideological subversion" and uncover "the hostile plans of the enemy." Both secret services would also exchange information gathered by their espionage activities and provide mutual support in infiltrating agents. Of particular mutual interest was espionage against the Federal Republic of Germany and West Berlin. To this end, the KGB was permitted to recruit East German citizens, and the MfS would secure their ongoing contacts.

  • December 11, 1973

    Gen. Dobry Djurov's Report to Todor Zhivkov: Some Deliberations on the October Middle East War

    A Defense Ministry report on The 1973 War. The report discusses the weaknesses in the Arab military strategy – lack of coordination, lack of serious commitment, insufficient mobilization of available resources, etc.

  • December 17, 1973

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Geneva to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 031616, December 17, 1973, Secret

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Geneva clarifying that Henry Kissinger did not have a meeting with a PLO representative in Lebanon, but there was a meeting in Damascus.

  • December 18, 1973

    Memorandum of Conversation Between the Head of the Far Eastern Department in the East German Foreign Ministry Liebermann and Chinese Ambassador Peng Guang-wei on China's Intention to Establish Diplomatic Presence in West Berlin

    This memorandum of conversation between the Head of the Far East Department in the East German Foreign Ministry Liebermann and Chinese Ambassador Peng Guang-Wei refers to China's intention to establish diplomatic relations with West Berlin. The East German side stresses the fact that countries such as Hungary and Bulgaria also established diplomatic relations with West Berlin taking into considerations the conditions posed by the international law and that China should do the same.

  • 1974

    Analysis of the Romanian Attitude toward Maoism

    This document offers an East German assessment of Romania's attitude towards China. It emphasizes that the Romanian Communist Party approves of the Chinese Maoist line and agrees with Beijing's domestic and foreign policies. Romania's foreign policy is said to attribute the same importance to relations with China as to relations with the Soviet Union. It also notes that the Romanian government has given more publicity to the resumption of diplomatic relations between China and West Germany than it did to similar moves between East Germany and India. The authors identify an anti-Soviet bias in the Romanian position, which the authors believe undermines the unity of the Socialist countries.

  • 1974

    Letter from George B. Murphy, Jr., Fred J. Carrier, and Joseph Brandt

    The AKFIC's leadership calls on readers to lobby the U.S. Congress and other organizations to improve U.S.-North Korea relations.

  • 1974

    Draft Speech for John Vorster, 'Mocambique'

  • 1974

    A Letter to Congress: Appeal of Constituents and Voters to Our Elected Representatives in the Congress of the USA

    In the aftermath of a second overture to the U.S. Congress from North Korea’s Supreme People's Assembly, the AKFIC mobilized a letter-writing campaign among its supporters.