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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 16, 1989

    Diary of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 16 May 1989

    Diary entry of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, describing a visit to Tiananmen Square, and the "democracy-thirsty" students in a hunger strike at the square. Also remarks on the normalization of Soviet-Chinese relations, marked by a meeting between Gorbachev, Deng Xiaoping and Zhao Ziyang.

  • May 16, 1989

    Notepad of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 16 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze notes on discussions between Gorbachev and Li Peng, covering a wide range of foreign policy issues for the two countries. Li Peng discusses China's relations with the US, Japan, India, and the DPRK. Both sides discuss the demilitarization of the Sino-Soviet border. Concludes with a note on the hunger strike in Tiananmen Square.

  • May 16, 1989

    Excerpts from Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Zhao Ziyang

    Zhao Ziyang and Gorbachev discuss political and economic changes ongoing in China.

  • May 16, 1989

    Excerpts from the Meeting between Mikhail Gorbachev and Deng Xiaoping

    The Chinese version of the record of conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Deng Xiaoping. Deng provides a historical overview of China's relations with the Soviet Union and other countries.

  • May 16, 1989

    Meeting between Mikhail Gorbachev and Deng Xiaoping (Excerpts)

    Gorbachev and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping discuss Sino-Soviet relations as well as relations with the United States.

  • May 17, 1989

    Notepad of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 17 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze notebook, covering May 17 of USSR trip to China to normalize relations. Notes a speech by Gorbachev at China's National People's Congress, before moving to the call to cancel a planned press conference because there are "200 thousand [students] around us...This is a revolution." Some press conference is then held, and Gorbachev's comments are summarized. The notes conclude with Gorbachev's comments on the student protesters.

  • May 17, 1989

    Diary of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 17 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze diary entry, describing negotiations between China and a USSR delegation. The negotiations cover border issues, Soviet assistance in improving relations between India and Nepal, and Afghanistan, among other issues. Following the negotiations, Mamaladze describes protesters, "two hundred thousand strong," and notes that the movement has grown beyond just students.

  • May 18, 1989

    Notepad of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 18 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze notebook from May 18 of visit to China. Describes a dinner in Shanghai.

  • May 18, 1989

    Diary of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 18 May 1989

    Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze diary entry describing his time in Shanghai during negotiations to normalize Soviet-Chinese relations. Notes that Shanghai, like Beijing, "is in the power of the student strikers," and speculates that the student strike is "seemingly heated up by [the Soviet delegation's] visit."

  • May 18, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 18 May 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 18 May 1989 describes the latest developments in China, the Soviet Union, Ethiopia, Panama, El salvador, Venezuela, West Germany, Bolivia, Poland, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Philippines.

  • May 19, 1989

    Notepad of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, 19 May 1989

    Notes from Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze, covering discussions between Deng Xiaoping, Zhao Ziyang, and Viktor Karpov. The Chinese side discusses Deng's role against the student unrest going on in China, and the punishment of protestors attempting to storm the building of the All Chinese Congress of People's Representatives.

  • July 15, 1989

    Excerpts from the Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Rajiv Gandhi

    Gorbachev and Gandhi discuss the Tiananmen Square Incident in China and the ongoing turmoil within the Chinese Communist Party, including the fate of Zhao Ziyang.

  • August 01, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 1 August 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 1 August 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Cuba, Poland, the Soviet Union, Iran, China, Kuwait, and Afghanistan.

  • 1990

    Internal Soviet Guide for Planned Sino-Soviet Border Security Negotiations in 1990

    This internal document discusses plans for Sino-Soviet negotiations beginning in September of 1990, detailing regions to be discussed, military information which can be shared going forward, and ideas to be presented to Chinese counterparts.

  • February, 1990

    Round Two Negotiations on Working Out an Agreement About the Guiding Principles of a Mutual Reduction of Armed Forces and a Strengthening of Confidence in the Military Field in the Soviet-Chinese Border Region

    This chart graphically compares the PRC's and Soviet positions on the reduction of armed forces through the determination of specific geographical zones, as well as the reduction of the amount of military equipment and facilities in the border regions.

  • April 08, 1991

    Third Round of Soviet-Chinese Negotiations: A Mutual Reduction of Armed Forces and a Strengthening of Confidence in the Military Field in the Border Region

    This document discusses lessons learned from dealing with the Chinese in the previous two rounds of negotiations regarding the reduction of military presence at the Sino-Soviet border and the plan to jointly produce a draft general agreement on the issue.

  • May 13, 1991

    National Intelligence Daily for Monday, 13 May 1991

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 13 May 1991 describes the latest developments in Iraq, Kuwait, the Soviet Union, China, Lebanon, Romania and European Community.

  • September, 1991

    Report by S. Goncharov for the Russian Leadership on the Question of the Current Situation in Relations between Russia and China (Excerpt)

    S. Goncharov describes the lessons the Soviet Union drew from China's suppression of the student protests in Beijing in spring 1989.