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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • January 21, 1987

    Activities by the Iraqi Embassy to Find Out About Assumed Arms Deals between GDR and Iran

    Information from a source in the Iraqi Embassy on a meeting to discuss the deteriorating relations between Iraq and East Germany. Iraqi officials are suspicious that East Germany is exporting arms or military equipment to Iran, but so far do not have any conclusive evidence.

  • January 22, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 21-22 January 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and his advisors discuss new Afghan president Mohammad Najibullah and the possible drawdown of Soviet troops.

  • January 22, 1987

    Iraqi Military Manual on the Tactical Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Vol. 2 Part 2

    Training manual for the Iraqi armed forces describes tactical uses of nuclear weapons during war. The foreword explains that "It is not unlikely that the Iraqi Army will participate in a future Arab-Israeli war, in which the enemy will resort to the use of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction."

  • February, 1987

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in February 1987 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • February 03, 1987

    Intelligence Message on the Chernobyl Accident

    This translation of a French brochure about the nuclear accident at Chernobyl was provided by an undercover KGB agent. The brochure discusses the reasons for the accident and compares Chernobyl and Soviet style plants to those in the West, concluding that the French and American reactors possess superior safety standards.

  • February 09, 1987

    Weekly Bulgarian State Security Review

    Based on intelligence sources, the Minister of Internal Affairs Dimitar Stoyanov reports on domestic political developments. Among the issues covered in the memo are the domestic repercussions of the January 1987 Plenary Session of the CPSU Central Committee, as well as the Western allegations of human rights violations in regard to Bulgaria’s policy toward the Turkish ethnic minority.

  • February 23, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 23 February 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev describes issues with the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan.

  • February 26, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 26 February 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and his advisors discuss whether to withdraw troops from Afghanistan.

  • February 27, 1987

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Giulio Andreotti (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Andreotti discuss issues in the Middle East, including Soviet plans in Afghanistan and a possible international conference on the Middle East.

  • March 01, 1987

    Saddam and His Advisers Discussing the Importance of Morale, Mobilizing Popular Support, and Targeting Iranian Cities

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and other unidentified Iraqi Ba'ath party members. The meeting specifically discussed raising morale and mobilizing popular support--including how to discourage retreats from the front. Also includes discussion of chemical weapons.

  • March 10, 1987

    Meeting between Cuba and the Soviet Union, 'Reunión Bipartita Cuba-URSS'

    Meeting between Cuban and Soviet officials.

  • March 13, 1987

    Review on Bulgarian Trial 109/96 - Case "Renegades" and Case "Editors"

  • March 17, 1987

    Informational Note from the official visit in Poland of the PRC Foreign Minister, Comrade Wu Xueqian (March 10-13, 1987)

    Overview of the first visit of a PRC foreign minister in Poland.

  • March 17, 1987

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta and Napolitano'

    This document dated March 17, 1987 is a report from Antonio Rubbi on his meeting with the Chinese foreign minister, Wu Xueqian. The most interesting facts of the meeting were that China expected to establish full relations with all Eastern European socialist countries by the end of 1987 and that the student protests had been fueled by intellectuals who wanted to “westernize” the country. As for Hu Yaobang, the Chinese official explained that had been removed from office because he had failed to uphold the principles of Chinese policy.

  • March 19, 1987

    Letter from Kim Philbey from Moscow to Gen. T. Boydjiev

  • March 23, 1987

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Napolitano, Pajetta, Bufalini, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated March 23, 1987, this document is a report from Ugo Mazza and Vittorio Campione on their visit to China. The topics covered include in particular the resignation of Hu Yaobang and the fight against bourgeois liberalism and Chinese opinions on Gorbachev.

  • April, 1987

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in April 1987 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • April 01, 1987

    Soviet Consulate in Japan, Information on Ties between Cities of the Kansai Region and Cities in China

    An overview of sister-city ties between Japanese cities in the Kansai region, which has been traditionally the center of Chinese influence in Japan, and Chinese cities and provinces.

  • April 10, 1987

    Memorandum of Conversation between Raúl Castro and Sam Nujoma

    Raúl Castro was Cuba’s minister of defense; Sam Nujoma was the president of SWAPO.

  • April 14, 1987

    Letter of General Military Intelligence Directorate about Iranian Use of Chemical Weapons on Iraqi Troops

    This file contains a letter from the Secretariat of the General Military Intelligence (GMID) to the General Command of Armed Forces, dated 14 April 1987, pertaining to Iranian use of chemical weapons on Iraqi troops during an attack on 9 April 1987 and 12 April 1987. Additionally includes information that Iran received special chemical materials for production of mustard and tabun gases from North Korea and manufactured some with the support of North Korean experts.