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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 24, 1994

    Letter of President L. Kravchuk to Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada I. Plyushch

    Ukrainian President Kravchuk describes the completion of a trilateral agreement with the United States and Russia regarding the dismantling of Ukraine's nuclear weapons.

  • June 07, 1994

    Note, Greek Presidency of the Council on Working Group on Non-Proliferation of the European Union

    In 1994, the European Union decided for the first time to play a role in the NPT Review Conference, with a view towards the NPT Review and Extension Conference in 1995. This note stipulated that the EU should demonstrate consensus in support of extending the NPT and persuading non-members to join the treaty.

  • July 19, 1994

    Council of the European Union, 'Joint Action Regarding Preparation for the 1995 Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

    The EU Working Group on Non-Proliferation developed the first draft what later became the Council Decision 94/509/CFSP. The draft identified three decisions: to convince states outside the Treaty to join it; to encourage participation in the remaining Preparatory Committee meetings;and to build consensus for indefinite extension. The proposal was a so-called “A” Item, meaning that the Foreign Ministers would not even discuss it; they only were to approve it.

  • January 25, 1995

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Political Advisors Regarding Hostilities with Israel, Iraqi Defense Capabilities, and Iraqi-Syrian Relations

    Saddam and political advisors discuss hostilities with Israel, Iraqi defense capabilities, and Iraqi-Syrian relations. American position as well as the position of many Arab nations are also discussed.

  • February 05, 1995

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Security Council Regarding Iraqi Biological and Nuclear Weapons Program

    Saddam and his Security Council discuss Iraqi biological and nuclear weapons program. Focusing primarily on the biological file, they consider possible interpretations by Ekeus, director of the United Nations Special Commission on Iraq, as well as potential UN reactions.

  • June 19, 1995

    Saddam Hussein Meeting with Ba’ath Party Members to Discuss the Results of the UN Inspectors’ Mission to Look for WMDs

    Saddam, General Amir, and Party members speculate on various motivations behind a UN plan for monitoring the status of WMD's in Iraq. Saddam states that Iraq possesses no biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons, but he is informed that a "traitor" had falsely reported to the UN that Iraq was in the possession of a certain number of missiles. They discuss possible UN conclusions and assumptions regarding WMD's in Iraq.

  • November, 1995

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Council Regarding the Sanctions Placed on Iraq and Tariq Aziz’s Trip to the UN Security Council

    Iraqi foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, reports that he may have reduced UN suspicion through compliance with sanctions that had been placed on Iraq regarding WMD's, along with his report to the Council that "gaps" in weapons files will be closed sooner than anticipated.

  • 1996

    Excerpts from Recollections by the Former Soviet Ambassador in North Korea Aleksandr Kapto

    Aleksandr Kapto reflects on the Soviet Union's normalization of relations with South Korea, and the consequential fallout in relations between North Korea and the USSR. According to Kapto, North Korea threatened to develop nuclear weapons and withdraw from the NPT as a result of Soviet-South Korean rapprochement.

  • January, 1996

    Saddam Hussein Meeting with the General Command of the Armed Forces Regarding Iraqi Development and Defense Theory

    Iraq's presence in the Middle East and its international role are discussed, along with strategies for progress in terms of military strength and defense.

  • July, 1996

    A. Bouzid, ‘Summary of Armament during the 1954 Revolution'

    Summarizes the logistical process and efforts of armament for the Algerian revolution, from 1947-1962. Lists the various countries who supplied the Algerians with weapons and ammunition, including Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Libya, East Germany, and China. Outlines, in detail, the processes for transporting weapons across borders, the logistical structure of departments handling distribution and supply of weapons for the revolution, and modes of transport for these supplies.

  • 1997

    Excerpts from "Calendar of Events in the History of the Sapper Branch of the People's Army of Vietnam (1967-1997)"

    Translated excerpts from an official People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) publication which gives a timeline of events of the "Sapper Branch," the Vietnamese army’s commando/special forces troops. These excerpts discuss the Sapper's training of foreign commando forces from Cuba, El Salvador and the Soviet Union.

  • September, 1997

    Wu Zhili, 'The Bacteriological War of 1952 is a False Alarm'

    Wu Zhili's claims that bacteriological warfare allegedly conducted by the United States in Korea in 1952 was a "false alarm."

  • 1998

    Interview with Robert W. Hultslander, Last CIA Station Chief in Luanda, Angola

    CIA station chief in Luanda, Hultslander gives his perspective on the US involvement in Angola. In his interview he explains what the US knew about liberation movements prior to the outbreak of Civil War, his opinion on the CIA covert action program IAFEATURE, the Cuban presence in Angola and his assessment of the leading factions in Angola; MPLA, UNITA and FNLA.

  • 1999

    Babrak Karmal’s GRU dossier

    Chilhood, education, and political activity background of Babrak Karmal in Afganistan.

  • 1999

    Information regarding advisers, specialists, interpreters, and extended servicemen who died or were wounded in the period from 1980 to 1987

    Informational graphs of the number of advisers, specialists, interpreters, and extended servicemen who died or were wounded during 1980-1987.

  • 1999

    USSR Ministry of Defense and General Staff Operations Groups in Afghanistan

    A status report from the USSR Ministry of Defense and General Staff Operations Group, providing a summary of Soviet troops levels in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Background of Hafizullah Amin

    A background of H. Amin's childhood, interest in politics, and political activities in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Dossiers of political parties intent on exporting an Islamic revolution

    A Dossier reviewing the origins and policies of Islamic political parties, including: The Organization of Fighters of Afghanistan for Islam, The Movement of the Islamic Revolution (DIR), The Council of Islamic Accord (SIS), The Islamic Movement of Afghanistan (IDA), The United Front of the Islamic Revolution (OFIR), The Corps of Guardians of the Islamic Jihad of Afghanistan (KSIRA), The Party of Victory (“Nasr”), The Party of Allah (“Hezbe Allah”).

  • 1999

    Dossiers of rebel field commanders

    A Soviet analysis of counterrevolutionary commanders in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Dossiers of Alliance-7 Rebel Leaders

    Background information on political leaders in Afghanistan who fought against Soviet occupation.