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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 15, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (fragment)

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (fragment) regarding the plenum of the CC of the CPB to decide organizational matters

  • November 16, 1989

    Transcript of the Plenum Session of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Transcript of the Plenum Session of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party regarding dismissals from government posts, changes in the Communist party structure and criticism of Todor Zhivkov

  • November 17, 1989

    CPSU CC Memo, excerpt from Protocol #172/1, 17 November 1989

    Concerns further Soviet relations with Ethiopia.

  • November 18, 1989

    CPSU CC Protocol #172/9, 18 November 1989

    This protocol (dated 19 October 1989) deals with additional measures in the information sphere (telecommunications, etc.)

  • November 18, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    The US embassy in Prague reports on the brutal suppression of the Czech students' demonstration.

  • November 18, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding plans for formulation of a new constitution and the reorganization of the party structure in Bulgaria, including an active role for parliament and an investigation of the use of funds by Todor Zhivkov’s family

  • November 18, 1989

    Excerpt from Protocol No. 182 of the Meeting of the Politburo CC CPSU, 'On Additional Measures in the Informational Sphere'

    Proposal recommending increased openness, freedom of speech, and the end of restrictions on the press in the Soviet Union, including the free distribution of foreign media.

  • November 19, 1989

    Teleprint from CC CPCz to First Secretary CC CPCz and Secretaries of Regional and District Committees

    Following an anti-government protest in Prague, information has been reported on plans for another general strike in the CSSR on 27 November.

  • November 19, 1989

    Proclamation on the Establishment of Civic Forum 19 November 1989

    The Czech Civic Forum declares its purpose for existence and addresses its primary demands for reform which should be promptly negotiated with the government.

  • November 20, 1989

    The Civic Forum’s Exposition of its Position in Public Life with a Call for Nonviolence, Tolerance and Dialogue, Prague

    The Civic Forum’s Exposition of its Position in Public Life with a Call for Nonviolence, Tolerance and Dialogue, Prague

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reports on an American woman's account of the November 17 demonstrations and the death of a Czech student.

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on the establishment of a new organization for Czech independents, the "Civic Forum," and the publication of a list of demands.

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on contradictions in the Czechoslovak press coverage of the demonstrations' aftermath.

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting that demonstrations continued over the weekend in Prague.

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on their protest regarding attacks on American journalists during the November 17-19 demonstrations in Prague.

  • November 20, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the state of the internal political situation in the GDR, the uncertainty of the future of the GDR, protests by citizens of the GDR in front of the Romanian embassy and the need for change in Romanian apporaches to relations with the GDR

  • November 20, 1989

    Czechoslovak Ministry of Interior Memorandum, 'Information Regarding the Development of the Security Situation During the Period of the 17 November Anniversary'

    Internal and external anti-communists have been protesting and organizing mass demonstrations in Prague, destabilizing the political situation in Czechoslovakia. The peak of the social unrest occurred on 17-19 November. It is concluded that the political, economic, and foreign pressure, as a result of these events, have provoked the start of political change in the CSSR.

  • November 21, 1989

    The Civic Forum’s Position on the Negotiations of its Representatives with Prime Minister Ladislav Adamec, Prague

    The Civic Forum’s Position on the Negotiations of its Representatives with Prime Minister Ladislav Adamec, Prague

  • November 21, 1989

    Letter from the Civic Forum to US President George Bush and USSR General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev

    Letter from the Civic Forum to US President George Bush and USSR General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev calling for condemnation of the 1968 events

  • November 21, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on continued demonstrations in Prague and other Czech cities on November 20.