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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 02, 1973

    Telegram from Beirut, No.015.088, Urgent, SECRET

    Romanian diplomat M. Levente reports on North Korea’s motivations and strategies for entering into a dialogue with South Korea.

  • April 02, 1973

    Memo Report from the Head of the KGB Administration under the Ukr. SSR Council of Ministers for Kiev Oblast, Fesenko, to Comrade Tsybulko V.M., First Secretary of the Kiev Oblast Committee of the CP of Ukraine

    This document discusses the violation of technical rules of reinforcement and concrete work in the construction of the Chernobyl plant, concluding that these deficiencies will diminish the quality of the energy output.

  • April 04, 1973

    Protocol on exchanges of workers and publications between the interior ministries of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1973

    This agreement provides for workers from the governments of the CSSR and USSR to spend short amounts of time in the other's country for research purposes and to work with organizations in that country. It also outlines the exchange of various publications related to state security and criminology, giving their exact titles and the number of copies to be exchanged.

  • April 04, 1973

    Bombay consulate cable 705 to Department of State, 'India’s Nuclear Position'

    The possibility that India had made a decision to test surfaced in a message from the U.S. consulate in Bombay (Mumbai) signed off by Consul David M. Bane. The latter reported that Oak Ridge Laboratory scientist John J. Pinajian, then serving as the Atomic Energy Commission’s scientific representative in India, had pointed out several “indications”—-notably his lack of access to key individuals and facilities in India’s atomic establishment--suggesting that India “may well have decided” to test a nuclear device. While stating that Pinajian’s evaluation was “subjective and impressionistic,” Consul Bane agreed that the atomic energy establishment did not want this American poking around because he might find out too much. Bane further observed that a nuclear test “in the not too distant future” could meet India’s political goals and help attain “greater recognition major power status.”

  • April 04, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.113, Urgent, SECRET

    KWP Centeral Committee member Kim Yeongnam explains to the Romanian representative that the DPRK proposed changes in the North-South Coordination Committee meeting to ease tensions and transform the armistice into a peace treaty. Kim blames the South Korean hawks and separatists who abide by the interests of the US and Japan for the lack of progress. Despite the impasse, the North Koreans look to the internal dissent against Park Chung Hee in South Korea as a sign of support for Pyongyang.

  • April 06, 1973

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Telegram, 6 April 1973. Subject: DPRK-Ethiopian relations.

    This telegram discusses a North Korean delegation sent to Ethiopia to establish relations. The question of reunification was brought up briefly, as the delegation requested Ethiopia support it at the UN.

  • April 06, 1973

    Letter to the Congress of the United States from the Supreme People’s Assembly, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    North Korea’s Supreme People’s Assembly calls for the removal of U.S. forces from South Korea and an end to U.S. “interference in the internal affairs of the Korean people”

  • April 09, 1973

    Letter, Bureau de Liaison des Forces Centristes Sud-Vietnamiennes to Kurt Waldheim

    The Bureau de Liaison des Forces Centristes Sud-Vietnamiennes transmits a note of conversation between the Provisional Revolutionary Government and the Government of the Republic of Vietnam to Secretary General Kurt Waldheim.

  • April 11, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.119, Urgent, SECRET

    Conversation between Romanian and Soviet representatives reveals that North Koreans are slowly withdrawing from direct contacts with South Korea. Instead, Pyongyang is seeking external support for its position. Meanwhile, North Korea is now looking at China with increased suspicion after Zhou Enlai noted that Beijing was not interested in the withdrawal of US troops from Asia. On another note, North Korea asks the Soviets to forbid South Koreans to enter the Soviet Union for the University Olympics held there.

  • April 12, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, SECRET, No.061.121, Urgent

    A Romanian diplomat reports on the second session of the DPRK Supreme People’s Assembly. The meeting focused on increasing the state budget to accomplish the 6-year plan with particular focus on heavy industry, machinery, raw material extraction, and energy production. The meeting also noted the need to increase the standard of living for the North Korean people. Nonetheless, no mention was made on collaborating with the outside world for economic and technological cooperation.

  • April 19, 1973

    Memorandum from Helmut Sonnenfeldt to Henry A. Kissinger, 'US Assistance to the French Missile Program'

    Sonnenfeldt worries about documents concerning French nuclear aid passing through so many hands that their security is at risk; Kissinger is to tell Richardson to be as discrete as possible. Richardson has recently sent Galley information on the new areas of U.S. aid to France and of the talks that will be used to implement such aid. He informs Galley that we are willing to go ahead on the four areas recommended by his predecessor Laird: information on nuclear effects simulators; sales of small simulators; hardening technology; and ABM intelligence.

  • April 19, 1973

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Shail Upadhya sends letters on the issue of future South-North Korean contacts, and Nordic countries along with other nations' recognition of North Korea.

  • April 23, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.150, Urgent, SECRET

    The Romanians expect tensions to rise in inter-Korean relations after North Korea is accused of sending a group of spies to South Korea. Pyongyang is unable to convincingly deny its direct role in sending the spies and is called duplicitous by Seoul. The report suggests that recent events have acted as fodder for the argument on why US troops should stay on the Korean Peninsula

  • April 23, 1973

    Memorandum by N.M. Khilani, Historical Division, Ministry of External Affairs

    On Panama's international affairs and the status of the Panama Canal.

  • April 24, 1973

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Upadhya sends Narasimhan a report on North Korean infiltrators being killed by South Korean forces inside the DMZ on 18 April, 1973.

  • April 25, 1973

    A Six-Point Proposal of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam on the Implementation of the Paris Accords and the Preparation for an Agreement on Internal Issues of South Vietnam

    Proposal by the Provisional Revolutionary Government at the 8th session of the Conference between two sides in South Vietnam: Ceasing all confrontation, releasing all civilian officials detained by both sides, guaranteeing the freedom and democratic rights of the South Vietnamese people, establishing a National Conciliatory Council, implementing a general election, and reducing both sides' armed forces.

  • May 01, 1973

    Report by Diplomatic Advisor of the Prime Minister Andrea Cagiati, 'Atlantic Declaration'

    Cagiati analyzes Kissinger's speech from April 23 in light of conversations between Nixon and Andreotti. The US efforts to emphasize the importance of transatlantic relations and Europe's role in advancing democratic ideas could create an opportunity to relaunch the process of European integration.

  • May, 1973

    Protocol Transcript of the Moscow Meeting on May 16-18, 1973 (excerpts), Including Specific Recommendations of Coordinating Policy toward China

    Discusses Chinese foreign policy and ways to counter it's Anti-Sovietism. Some major areas covered are China and the Third World, China and the rest of Asia, internal Communist attitudes in China, and the propaganda struggle in China.

  • May, 1973

    Informational Note regarding the Sixth Meeting of the Delegations of the CC International Departments of Seven Fraternal Parties on the Chinese Issues (Moscow, May 16-18, 1973)

    This offers an overview of the current state of Communism in China, as well as several “practical recommendations” regarding an approach to this struggle.

  • May, 1973

    East German Report on the Sixth Interkit Meeting in Moscow, May 1973

    Report on the sixth meeting of Interkit, held in Moscow in May 1973. Summarizes the group's analysis of the current domestic situation in China and its foreign policy, as well as making predictions about potential developments in China in the near future.